The Adventurous Lectionary –The Second Sunday in Advent – December 4, 2022

The Adventurous Lectionary –The Second Sunday in Advent – December 4, 2022 November 26, 2022

The Adventurous Lectionary –The Second Sunday in Advent – December 4, 2022

Isaiah 10:1-11
Psalm 72:1-7, 18-19
Romans 15:4-13
Matthew 3:1-12

Advent is the season of great, and sometimes, and often it seems, unrealistic hope. A new earth is upon us, and we can see the signs of a new world order, and companion God in bringing this new world about. On the Second Sunday of Advent, we explore radical transformation, guided by God, but brought also about by ourselves. I think global history argues against a divine rescue operation or that an all-loving God is fully in control of every event. The meek seldom inherit the earth. The wealthy seldom give up power. All revolutions, including our own nation’s, are imperfect works in progress. To use the language of Thomas Oord, there are some things that “God can’t” do. (See Thomas Jay Oord, “God Can’t: How to Believe in God and Love After Tragedy, Abuse, and Other Evils.”

After two thousand years of false prophesies, expecting a dramatic unilateral second coming of Jesus seems a fantasy. If this is the case, then what are to hope for and what are we to expect? Advent presents an impossible possibility, that the partnership of humanity and divinity will create a new earth. Advent invites us to wait, but also be catalysts for the changes we wish to see. Advent invites us to see second comings everywhere, and not as predestined events. The beginning and end of the world, the new age, is the Holy Here and Now.

Isaiah 10 speaks of an impossible possibility – enemies becoming companions, children safe from harm, wise national leadership, and a world without war. None of this has ever occurred, despite Isaiah’s dream, but Isaiah’s dream still judges world history and serves as a polestar for our endeavors. As unrealistic as Isaiah’s dream, we must still strive after God’s Shalom and, perhaps, in the striving create communities that nurture a better humanity and make peace with the non-human world; a world in which poverty, injustice, racism, sexism, and global climate change are a thing of the past and God’s Shalom reigns. We must pray – and work – for the new world coming, despite the evils of January 6, 2021, the Ukraine invasion, and white Christian nationalism in the USA.

John is a major figure in our Advent Adventures. John presents us with the dream of a new era, but it is clear that to get there we must go through a dark night of purgation. We must prune away the cumber, subtract our wants, and simplify our lives. The realm of God requires a change of heart, a contrite spirit, and a new set of values. God is graceful and initiates this process of creative transformation, but God needs us for God’s dream to be realized in the world. John’s program requires profound personal and social transformation. John challenges us to create a world in which repentance is possible, and this requires us to turn from the ways of death to life for us and all creation.

Little is known about the relationship of Jesus and John the Baptist. According to tradition, when Mary the mother of Jesus meets her close relative Elizabeth, John leaps in utero in acknowledgment of the uniqueness of Mary’s son. Beyond that, the early life of John, later John the Baptist, like Jesus’ early life, is shrouded in mystery until adulthood.

As an adult, John comes on the scene as a wild man, proclaiming hard words of transformation and redemption. He comes as a purveyor of bad news first: he doesn’t mince words to the folk who come out to hear him preach, some knowing they need transformation, others for the sheer spectacle of it all. “You brood of vipers,” he shouts, insulting the erudite and affluent. A voice crying in the wilderness, John is a prophet in the tradition of Amos, Hosea, and Micah. Transformation requires pruning, and destruction of old ways of life. Our souls need purification: we must put off injustice and idolatry and spiritual smugness to experience God’s realm in the now. Those who sought new life received baptism as a sign of purification and commitment. But, the cleansing waters of baptism must be preceded by a change of heart and lifestyle. John’s word convicted his listeners and convicts us today. We must choose life, John says, economically, politically, relationally, and congregationally.

“Align yourself with God’s coming realm,” such was the message of John. God will come, the gospel narratives state, manifest in the message, hospitality, and healing practices of Jesus of Nazareth. John anticipates Jesus’ ministry not as an abstract otherworldly figure but as a spiritual companion, first of John himself, and then all of us. The Celts use the term anamcara to describe a deep spiritual relationship of common values and commitments. Our anamcara mirrors our deepest self and enables us to embody the glory of God as persons “fully alive.” In relationship to our soul companion, or anamcara, we experience the better angels of ourselves and others.

Imagine the relationship of John and Jesus for a moment. I believe they were the best of friends who grew into spiritual intimates. The narrative evidence suggests that Mary and Elizabeth were also intimates. Elizabeth was the first relative to hear of Mary’s unusual pregnancy. Perhaps, Mary knew of Elizabeth and Zechariah’s own mystical experiences surrounding John’s birth. I suspect these two women were close enough that Mary expected celebration and affirmation rather than judgment when she shared the news of her pregnancy. I am, as you can see, not worried about the historicity of these stories; there are facts, objectively noted, but beyond facts there are stories that tell us the deeper meaning of life, and invite us to journey beyond the ordinary and controllable world to God’s unexpected and surprising realm of spiritual transformation. So intimate in spirit are John and Jesus that the fetal John jumps for joy when he encounters Jesus in utero.

I can imagine John and Jesus growing up together, playing games with one another, going to religious school together, perhaps speculating on the young women in the community, and dreaming of their future vocations. Both boys were set apart by birth and I suspect spiritual experience. They might have been sensitive to the seldom-noticed spiritual currents of life. They might even have journeyed together to study among the Essenes, going deeper than other young persons in search of direct experiences of God. I believe that Jesus and John were kindred spirits and soul friends.

Given my previous reflections, perhaps, it is no surprise for John when Jesus comes to the Jordan River to be baptized. John protests: after all, they are spiritual friends and colleagues, and John knows the depth of Jesus relationship with God. The child who leaped in the womb followed the unfolding of Jesus’ intimate experiences of God, and we suspect John recognized Jesus’ unique connection with the one they called Father. Jesus’ full humanity – the glory of God, indeed the Incarnation, is a person fully alive – resonated with divine energy, power, and wisdom. John may have recognized that what he spoke about in his sermons Jesus’ fully experienced. John preached of God’s coming and Jesus felt that coming realm in his very marrow; he was the embodiment of the good news that emerges when the flames of prophetic practices refine our spirits.

John dreamed of the peaceable realm and so do we. He never lived to see its full embodiment, but he planted seeds that enabled Jesus to move forward as its messenger and embodiment. John is Advent personified: he embodies the fierce urgency of the now, but not yet. He is impatient with our foolishness and sin, and wants us to be better. As Advent messenger, he knows that salvation occurs through the transformation of one person at a time. This very moment is the right time for us to let go of the past, turn away from our half-heartedness and complicity with injustice, and find a new pathway to God’s peaceable kingdom, one step and one breath at a time.
We are the Advent change we seek; apart from us, there will be no peaceable realm.

The uniqueness of John’s message is a good theme for this Sunday’s sermon. His radical vision, preparing the way for Jesus, challenges us to prepare the way for Jesus’ mission in our time. Our preparation is a matter of deeds as well as words. Walking in the way of Jesus involves a commitment to constant transformation and renewal, to changing our ways in response to God’s wondrous gifts of grace. Like John, we are challenged to announce the coming of a world not yet born, critique our own and our community’s hypocrisy, and recognize that Christ’s presence demands a radical reorientation of values so that we might recognize the realm of God already emerging in our midst. (For more on the Advent vision of Jesus, see Bruce Epperly, “Messy Incarnation: Meditations on Christ in Process.”)

Bruce Epperly is a pastor, professor, spiritual guide, and author of over seventy books, including THE ELEPHANT IS RUNNING: PROCESS AND OPEN AND RELATIONAL THEOLOGY AND RELIGIOUS PLURALISM; PROPHETIC HEALING: HOWARD THURMAN’S VISION OF CONTEMPLATIVE ACTIVISM; MYSTIC’S IN ACTION: TWELVE SAINTS FOR TODAY; WALKING WITH SAINT FRANCIS: FROM PRIVILEGE TO ACTIVISM; MESSY INCARNATION: MEDITATIONS ON PROCESS CHRISTOLOGY, and FROM COSMOS TO CRADLE: MEDITATIONS ON THE INCARNATION. His latest book is THE PROPHETIC AMOS SPEAKS TO AMERICA. He is also the author of the “12 Days of Christmas Books” – Celtic Christianity, Howard Thurman, Madeleine L’Engle, and Francis and Clare, from Anamchara Books. He can be reached for seminars and talks at

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