Lesson 26: 1 Kings 3-11
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On Solomon’s Egyptian wife, see Abraham Malamat, “The First Peace Treaty between Israel and Egypt” Biblical Archeology Review, 5:5 (Sep/Oct 1979)
Law of the King (Deu 17:14-20, ESV)
Solomon had 700 wives and 300 concubines (1 King 11:3) and 12000 horses from Egypt and Kue (1 Kings 4:26).
14 “When you come to the land that the Lord your God is giving you, and you possess it and dwell in it and then say, ‘I will set a king over me, like all the nations that are around me,’ 15 you may indeed set a king over you whom the Lord your God will choose. One from among your brothers you shall set as king over you. You may not put a foreigner over you, who is not your brother. 16 Only he must not acquire many horses for himself or cause the people to return to Egypt in order to acquire many horses, since the Lord has said to you, ‘You shall never return that way again.’ 17 And he shall not acquire many wives for himself, lest his heart turn away, nor shall he acquire for himself excessive silver and gold. 18 “And when he sits on the throne of his kingdom, he shall write for himself in a book a copy of this law, approved by the Levitical priests. 19 And it shall be with him, and he shall read in it all the days of his life, that he may learn to fear the Lord his God by keeping all the words of this law and these statutes, and doing them, 20 that his heart may not be lifted up above his brothers, and that he may not turn aside from the commandment, either to the right hand or to the left, so that he may continue long in his kingdom, he and his children, in Israel.”
See 1 Kings 5:13, 27-32.
Primary Israelite sanctuaries
Temple, Solomon (destroyed by Babylonians, c.586 BCE)
Temple, expanded by Herod (destroyed by Romans c. 70 CE)
What’s the relationship between Israelite and Mormon temples?
- We should not expect to find the temple rituals as we experience them today among the Israelites, and not just because “they wouldn’t have been written down.”
- Why shouldn’t we expect to find them identically? Primarily because our rituals today are a collected edition, a modernized adaptation and expansion of covenants, rituals and symbolism primarily from the Old Testament.
- In particular, much but not all of our temple ritual and symbolism is firmly rooted in the temple and sacrificial system of the Old Testament. The Old Testament is the source of the worldview and symbolic framework that our temple is built on, but not everything therein is ancient.
References– I’ve decided not to link to my old post, but to update and post it here in the next few days. Matthew Brown’s Gate of Heaven is a good starter, as are the edited volumes Temples of the Ancient World, and the Temple through Time and Eternity. If you want more specific biographies, check out the lists here.
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