The Concrete Liberation Narratives of Advent (Part 9)

The Concrete Liberation Narratives of Advent (Part 9) December 24, 2020

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(Read this series from its beginning here.)




Let’s read through the other two songs used in Luke’s birth narratives. I’ll share references showing examples of how the political language used in Luke had been politically used in other passages of the Hebrew scriptures, as well. 

The Benedictus

“Praise be to the Lord, the God of Israel,

because he has visited his people and redeemed them. 


[See Exodus 4:31; Ruth 1:6; Psalms 80:14; 106:4; 111:5-6,9]


He has raised up a hornof salvation for us 

in the house of his servant David


[See Psalms 18:2; Ezekiel 29:21; 1 Samuel 2:10; Psalms 132:17; Judges 2:16, 18; 3:9,15]


(as he said through his holy prophets of long ago),

salvation from our enemies 

and from the hand of all who hate us— 

to show mercy to our ancestors

and to remember his holy covenant,

the oath he swore to our father Abraham:

to rescue us from the hand of our enemies,

and to enable us to serve him without fear

in holiness and righteousness before him all our days. 

And you, my child, will be called a prophet of the Most High;

for you will go on before the Lord to prepare the way for him,

to give his people the knowledge of salvation 

through the forgiveness of their sins, 


[Jeremiah 31:34; 33:8]


because of the tender mercy of our God,

by which the rising sun will come to us from heaven

to shine on those living in darkness 

and in the shadow of death,


[Isaiah 9:2; Psalms 107:9-10]


to guide our feet into the path of peace.” (Luke 1:68-79)



The Nunc Dimittis

“Sovereign Lord, as you have promised,

you may now dismiss your servant in peace.

For my eyes have seen your salvation,

which you have prepared in the sight of all nations: 

a light for revelation to the Gentiles,


[Isaiah 52:13-53:12]


and the glory of your people Israel.” (Luke 2:29-32)


Right after this last poem, Simeon blesses Mary and Joseph, saying that their child is for the “falling and rising of many in Israel.” This statement harks back to Mary’s song of some being lifted up and others pulled down, and it looks forward to the economic teachings of Jesus where the poor will be blessed, but the well fed will go hungry (see Luke 6).  Lifting up the poor and pulling down the elite is a direct call to reducing societal inequities.

So many are suffering hardship right now in the U.S. These stories of the birth of Jesus aren’t distractions from that suffering. They don’t turn our focus to postmortem bliss or internalized private and personal piety. Instead, they speak to hope and deliverance from the very tangible economic, social and political realities that people are suffering through today. 

This is the focus of the Jesus stories. How much more should this be our focus if we claim these stories at the core of our religious tradition? The liberation in these stories applies to what people are going through right now, here, in the present unjust system. And this pandemic continues to reveal how disproportionately unjust our systems are for so many. 

The songs of liberation speak of political, economic, social, and even religious conflict, and of deliverance—God’s just future—breaking into our suffering today. That just future is rooted in the teachings of this “baby” found by shepherds “wrapped in cloths and lying in a manger.”

Will we choose it?

About Herb Montgomery
Herb Montgomery, director of Renewed Heart Ministries, is an author and adult religious re-educator helping Christians explore the intersection of their faith with love, compassion, action, and societal justice. You can read more about the author here.

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