Polls cannot measure truth. Polls cannot measure reality outside the human mind; they can only measure faulty human opinion. Truth is never determined by what we think. It is dangerous to make decisions based entirely on polls or focus groups. A majority of public opinion can easily be wrong.
In Matthew 16:13-20, Jesus takes a sample poll to see what public opinion is saying about him. Jesus takes this poll while he is on retreat with his followers in the woods up north near the Lebanese border, at a place called Caesarea Philippi, at the source of the Jordan River, at the foot of snow-capped Mount Hermon. Here the ancient Canaanites had built a shrine called Baal-Gad, “The Lord of Fortune.” (Joshua 11:17, 12:7, 13:5) Hundreds of years later, the Greeks built a temple here to Pan, the god of nature. And recently, Herod’s brother Philip had built a temple here for the worship of Augustus Caesar, and had named the nearby town after Caesar (“Caesarea of Philip”).
Here in the woods at the source of the Jordan, surrounded by pagan shrines, Jesus asks, “Who do people say that I am?” The answers he gets prove how wrong polls can be. Almost every answer they give is wrong. Out of all those surveyed in this poll, only one guy gets anywhere near the right answer. Simon Peter answers, “You are the Messiah, the Son of the living God.”
Jesus says, “Simon son of Jonah! You lucky guy! You have stumbled into the truth! You didn’t figure this out from the polls. You didn’t get it from any human brain. You got it straight from God. You have just unearthed the rock on which I will build my Knesset (my assembly / church). That’s why I’m going to call you Peter – Rocky! I’m going to make you the chief rabbi in charge of the teaching I am passing on to the group. I’m going to give you the keys to my Kingdom, the authority to make binding decisions based on my teachings after I’m gone.”
Here at Caesarea Philippi, surrounded by the shrines of other gods (the Baal of Fortune, the Greek god of nature, the temple of Caesar), Jesus lays his identity on the line. He claims to be both the Jewish Messiah, and the Son of the living God. Jesus claims to stand taller than any competing claim on the market.
Peter’s answer to the ultimate poll question becomes the rock on which we stand. Like the Jordan River that flows downhill from here, the question “Who is Jesus Christ?” is a watershed dividing line. Where our faith goes is determined by the answer we give here.
Jesus is not one Lord among many. He is not merely Lord “for me.” Nobel prize winning physicist John Polkinghorne says, “Either Jesus is God’s Lord and Christ or he is not, and it matters supremely to know which is the right judgment.”
“Who do people say that I am?” remains a question that cannot be answered by the polls. It doesn’t matter what one billion nominal Christians think – we could all be wrong. It doesn’t matter what 800 million Muslims think. To quote the Quran, “Those who say the Lord of mercy has begotten a son preach a monstrous falsehood.” (Sura 19:88) No human opinion poll can decide this fundamental disagreement.
Jesus makes some uncompromising claims, in a time and place where the name of the game was compromise. There was plenty of room to accommodate anyone’s god, as long as nobody claimed that theirs was Lord of all. The Romans tolerated the Jews for their belief as long as the Jews were willing to tolerate everyone else. Jesus’ claims put him at odds with his world. He makes it hard, even dangerous to follow him.
Jesus’ claims may be an embarrassment to us today. We live in an age where we are surrounded by neighbors who bow down at different altars. We find it hard to believe that so many good people could be wrong, or that their different beliefs could make that much difference. We cringe at the thought of being arrogant, intolerant, or bigoted. We cave in to post-modern peer pressure, which reduces faith to opinion.
We live in a day where we are tempted to believe that polls determine truth. We hear people say, “Nobody today believes in hell.” All the numbers can tell us is what’s in people’s minds. They cannot tell us what God thinks. The Himalayas do not cease to exist, simply because no one believes they do. Wishing can’t change reality.
The same is true for all the great issues that divide us: abortion, capital punishment, homosexuality, living together, evolution, and war. We don’t decide any of these issues. We cannot invent the truth. The best we can do is to discover the truth. And that all depends ultimately on whom we trust as our most reliable source of information.
Is Jesus one of many lords? Or is he Lord of all, whether anyone chooses to bow to him or not? The answer can never be decided by the polls. It can never be determined by faulty, fickle human opinion. Lucian the skeptic said that ten philosophers can make ten different guesses on how many beans are in a jar, and they can all be wrong. Therefore, it never matters which way the winds of human opinion are blowing, nor does it matter when they may change or where they may blow next.
We need not be arrogant as we affirm that Jesus is Lord of all. If someone believes the world is flat, we don’t need to call them stupid or treat them like dirt. But neither must we agree with them or humor them in order to love and respect them. We can respect someone, without accepting their beliefs as equally true. Saying that someone is wrong does not make us hateful.
Nor do we need to fear that our faith is just an accident of where we were born. The principles of space flight are just as true, whether you were born in Texas or Indonesia. So what if you are more likely to learn them if you were born in Texas? Where you were born doesn’t change the laws of physics. Neither does where you were born change the truth about God.
Standing in the woods in the shadow of Mount Hermon at the source of the river Jordan, surrounded by the gods of competing faiths, Jesus asks us the ultimate poll question: “Who do you say that I am?” It doesn’t matter what the majority of public opinion thinks. It doesn’t matter what anyone else thinks. Jesus’ question is a watershed dividing line. Where our faith goes, and our eternal destiny, is determined by the answer we give here.