There’s an interesting article in The Christian Science Monitor on the growth of Buddhism on American shores ("American Buddhism on the rise"), which according to this piece is our 4th largest religion today.
Even a larger factor [in Buddhism’s spread in the USA –Svend], he suggests, is that Buddhism offers spiritual practices that Western religions haven’t emphasized.
"People are looking for experiential practices, not just a new belief system or a new set of ethical rules which we already have, and are much the same in all religions," Surya Das says. "It’s the transformative practices like meditation which people are really attracted to."
I don’t know about Christianity and Judaism, but none of this is new to the Islamic tradition. I have the utmost respect for Buddhism and awareness of how radically it differs from Islam in some fundamental respects, but I think comparable (if less ancient) practices are at the heart of Sufi Islam.
Sufism has its own tradition of rigorous meditative practices and presents, I think, a comparably potent philosophical and psychological challenge to the Western mindset. It also questions materialistic conceptions of life and reality. In fact, the parallels between Sufi rituals of self-purification and its philosophical challenges to Western dualism and false dichtomies (inner/outer, mind/body, material/spirit, self/other, …) that "Eastern" religious traditions such as Buddhism, Hinduism and Taoism address are quite striking.
One could certainly make a strong case that contemporary Muslims have failed to highlight these resources that exist within Islamic tradition in a way that Westerners naturally inclined to Buddhism would find appealing. Actually, this is a bit of an understatement. (Speaking of Salafism…)
Judging by most "Islamic" discourse one encounters today, you’d never suspect that Islam also tackles these matters. Sufism has its own tradition for attaining balance, escape from the material world and enlightenment, and it’s a path that I suspect practitioners of Asian religions would find quite familiar in key respects.
The biggest difference is that it does so while maintaining the traditional Western belief in monotheism and the afterlife.
Another interesting observation:
Still, a healthy American Buddhism with its own characteristics is emerging. […]
Perhaps most noticeably, "the role of women as leaders and teachers is very significant here," Seager says.
May we see comparable developments with American Islam. Actually, I think this is already happening among America’s Muslims, if less visibly and quickly than among Buddhists.