We have established that the aorist tense form is probably the most origina reading herel. So does that prove that John’s Gospel is meant to be evangelistic rather than (though not mutually exclusive to) building up readers in the faith? Let me put it blutnly- no!  The tense of the verb alone will not tell you if the type of belief is initial or continual.[1] The tense-form, either aorist or present, does not give us any grounds for supposing that… Read more

First thing first, we have to solve a textual dilemma. The issues pertains to the disputed reading as to which verb for ‘believe’ we should accept. It comes down to whether one accepts the aorist pisteusete (attested by Sinaiticus2 A C D L N W f1 f13 33) or the present pisteuete (attested by P66 Sinaiticus* B 0250). The material difference is based on the presence or absence of the letter sigma in the verb to indicate either an aorist… Read more

The purpose statement of the Fourth Gospel found in John 20:30-31 (possibly the ending to a first edition of the Gospel without the epilogue of John 21) asserts: “Jesus performed many other signs in the presence of his disciples, which are not recorded in this book.” Then the Evangelist adds: “But these are written that you may believe that Jesus is the Messiah, the Son of God, and that by believing you may have life in his name.” In the… Read more

Hi folks. Patheos is the new home for Euangelion. Glad you could join us our here. We’ll be continuing our usual commentary on things related to biblical studies, theology, and the church. In the near future Mike Bird will be blogging about the purpose statement in the Gospel of John (John 20:30-31) , interviewing Scot McKnight about his commentary on the Epistle of James, and pondering thoughts about hell. Joel Willitts is off for a turkey shoot and Greek salad in, you… Read more

This Saturday I am off on a 12-day study tour to Greece and Turkey with 17 North Park students. The study tour is a course called the “Greco-Roman world of Paul and John”.  Dr. Justin Hardin from Wycliffe Hall in Oxford, one of my best friends, will be helping me teach it. This will be my second time going to Greece and Turkey. The first time was exactly 10 years ago when I went with Dr. Bruce Winter, then the… Read more

N.T. Wright comments on the killing of Osama bin Laden over at Ruth Gledhill’s blog. I hear Wright’s objections and I am no fan of American exceptionalism. The point I would like to make is that this is not really exceptional but typical of how governments go after terrorists. The UK and other governments spasmodically engage on seek and destroy missions in other countries where the goal is to terminate rather than capture terrorists. Israel does it all the time and… Read more

Bruce McCormack’s Kantzer Lectures delivered at TEDS earlier this year are now available on-line. 1. Is the Reformation Over? Reflections on the Place of the Doctrine of God in Evangelical Theology Today 2. From the One God to the Trinity: The Creation of the Orthodox Understanding of God 3. The Great Reversal: From the Economy of God to the Trinity in Modern Theology 4. The God Who Reveals Himself: The Mystery of the Trinity in the New Testament 5. Which… Read more




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