Socrates, The Crito, and Me: On being a Ute

In Plato’s dialogue Crito, Socrates tells his friend Crito that he cannot flee his death sentence and impose upon himself exile. He is an Athenian and everything he has become, all the things that make him Socrates, are the result of Athenian culture and Athenian institutions.

I sometimes feel similarly towards the University of Utah.

My time at the University of Utah was a struggle. Long commutes. Financial struggles. I was not a favorite of the faculty. By having kids and a wife who worked, my commitment to the scholarly pursuit was often questioned.

I am a Ute officially because I got two degrees there, my BA and MA. Both are in political science. I actually never lived on campus or even in Salt Lake County, but I spent about 5 years there as a student. It was there as a junior that I fell in love with political theory. It was during my senior year that I took a class focusing on John Rawls.

My understanding of Rawls was greatly expanded while taking graduate seminars in the philosophy department. It was while listening to a public lecture by Utah philosopher Bruce Landesman on John Rawls that I decided to focus my studies on Rawls. That lecture was 11 years ago.

This last school year, I had the privilege of teaching political philosophy and American Heritage at BYU (after teaching similar courses for three years at BYU-Idaho). In addition to my teaching during this last year, I had a number of opportunities to participate in conferences dealing with Mormonism, Religion, and public affairs.

While these meetings and discussions at BYU have been a lot of fun, they have also reinforced two things. First…boy am I a liberal. This was my first heavy dose of conservative academia. Having been trained in the liberal egalitarian school, I was for the first time surrounded by Straussians and religious conservatives. While I expect this in most LDS settings, my department in Rexburg was quite moderate in terms of politics. This moderation was also found in the political science department at BYU, but these conferences had a considerable conservative, though still very intellectual, bent. Second, I am a secular thinker when it comes to politics. My attempt to form a religious argument for egalitarianism has become a secular critique of religious themes.

In April, BYU and UVU hosted a conference on religion and human rights. The speakers and panelists heavily favored the idea that human rights relied on religion. Whether it was grounded in natural rights or religious society the relationship between religion and human rights was a positive one. I found much of this to be odd.

Then came one of the last sessions of the multi-day gathering. Bruce Landesman, my long-time hero from the philosophy department at the University of Utah, was the lone speaker arguing that human rights did not need a religious foundation. He was speaking my language, heavily drawing on the Kantian constructivist tradition; though he did throw in a cool quote from Bentham (both Landesman and I have a growing appreciation for the contributions of Utilitarianism, despite deep reservations).

I realized, while listening to Landesman, that I did not fit in a BYU for a reason: I was a liberal without apology. I think that Rousseau put Hobbes and Locke to rest. I think Aristotle is brilliant, but of limited use in the 21st century…even those that use him now, do so in light of Kant and modern conceptions of liberty. I have no problem with the secular public square…

I am a Ute…

About Chris Henrichsen

Chris Henrichsen has moved Approaching Justice off of Patheos. Find his latest posts and the new Approaching Justice. Thanks!

  • http://www.usu-shaft.com Jon

    Great read, Chris. I’m a USU grad, but I’ve always felt more like a Ute than an Aggie at heart. I hope to attend the U soon for grad school in political science or philosophy.

  • http://www.libertypages.com/cgw Clark

    BYU has Straussians? I’d love someone to justify that move.

  • http://juvenileinstructor.org Ben Park

    Thanks for this, Chris.

  • Hunter

    I love that you take the time to post, Chris. This was great.

  • http://www.faithpromotingrumor.com Chris H.

    Jon, could luck with grad school.

    Ben and Hunter: Thanks!

    Clark: I am not sure what you are getting at (though I would love to hear you explain a bit your comment). Within political theory, Ralph Hancock is a die-hard Straussian and I would say that Noel Reynolds is also one.

  • g.wesley

    well let’s hope that your fellow utes don’t sentence you to death.

  • http://www.faithpromotingrumor.com Chris H.

    g. wesley,

    I think I started thinking about this when they denied me entry into the doctoral program. While my career has play out well since then, it did break my heart.

  • Nate

    I am loving the irony of a title that invokes Socrates and the Crito (!!!) to affirm one’s allegiance to secular liberalism. Whatever else the Crito is about it is NOT a liberal argument or anything resembling it. Indeed, the very notion that you express your liberalism in terms of corporate identity — I’m a Ute — a reference to filial piety to the polis is delicious.

  • http://www.faithpromotingrumor.com Chris H.

    “Whatever else the Crito is about it is NOT a liberal argument or anything resembling…”

    No shit. I never claimed that it did. Good to see that the attitude did not go away with the loss of facial hair.

  • Nate

    Chris H.: My claim is not that you misunderstood the Crito or made false claims about it. Rather, my claim is that your use of the Crito along with the poignant story of communal alienation and belonging to affirm your liberalism is ironic. Irony is not an error, just a little treat for the folks in the peanut gallery.

  • Chris H

    Oh…..in that case the irony was intended for your enjoyment (and the rest of the peanut gallery).

    In a way, I use the Crito because I have always been in awe of Socrates’ allegiance to Athens despite his poor treatment. My wife (a loyal BYU grad) has always asked why I like a place that treated me poorly. This is just how I explain. My use of the Crito is particularly ironic given my general disregard for nationalism and patriotism.

    (Sorry for my rude response above….I should not blog while preparing for a yard sale).

  • http://www.libertypages.com/clarktech Clark

    Chris (hope you see this as it’s been a week).

    I didn’t know Reynolds was a Straussian. I’m surprised. I’ve never been in the Political Science department and know little about it. I was more surprised that Strauss’ philosophy would catch on at BYU. It just seems like an odd fit. I didn’t mean much deeper than that. And perhaps the Straussians might say I’m just too ignorant of Strauss. As you know I’m much more of a fan of straightout Heideggarians and Derrideans anyway.


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