A couple of thoughts inspired by grading a student paper on Nehemiah.
First, the student, Courtney Wright, suggested that 2:9-20 form a chiasm, and that within this chiasm 2:11 and 2:17-18 match. The first tells us that Nehemiah was in the city for three days, and verses 17-18 records Nehemiah’s exhortation to “rise up and build.” The connection seems to be the third-day theme. Symbolically if not literally on the third day Nehemiah initiates a “rising” and begins building. Just like Jesus.
Finally, Nehemiah’s treatment of the people who have permitted intermarriage (13:25) looks insane. But if we have Nehemiah’s messianic role in mind, it fits: Zeal for the Lord’s house consumes him, as it consumes Jesus later; and Nehemiah’s hair-pulling is no more disruptive than Jesus’ table-turning.