Review of Man of Steel directed by Zach Snyder
By COYLE NEAL
The Superman story has been told (and filmed) so often that it is undoubtedly a challenge for filmmakers come up with a new ‘take’ on the story that is both interesting to the viewer and faithful to the canon (assuming that “faithfulness to the canon” is a virtue to be pursued rather than a rule to be cast off—which of course is not an assumption we can always make). Chock full of nods to earlier Superman adaptations, Man of Steel strikes this balance well and ends up being an enjoyable (if long) movie.
Even if you’ve never read a single comic book or watched any kind of superhero anything, you still likely know Superman’s back story. Man of Steel is mostly a re-telling of this back story, albeit with some interesting modifications and different emphases from previous versions. (The movie is a bit too long to summarize, but you can find good overviews here and here.) The two emphases that stand out most are the focus on Superman as Kryptonian and the sidelining of Clark Kent. That is, Man of Steel is an exploration of who Superman is and where he fits in—is he a Kryptonian or is there a place for him on Earth? The “secret identity” business that is so familiar is certainly there, but it remains in the background.
Specifically, contrasts are drawn between Superman’s Kryptonian origins/upbringing on Earth and the Kryptonian society represented by General Zod (ably played by Michael Shannon). Kryptonian society is basically a Platonic culture built on their mastery of genetic manipulation. Children are created in vats with specific abilities and talents that enable them to fill the roles needed by society. Politicians, soldiers, artisans, and so forth are designed from conception to fit into their proper place (more on this below). Jor-El (Russell Crowe), on the other hand, has taken it upon himself to beget a child in the old-fashioned way so that his child (the first natural-born child in centuries) will have the freedom to choose his own way in life. In doing so, this child will act as a symbol of hope, inspiring others to follow in his footsteps and live up to their full potential. These two worldviews—predetermined social roles and personal freedom—collide in the persons of Zod and Superman.
There are three minor problems in this film.
The first is that the beginning drags a bit. The first forty or so minutes of the movie—despite all the special effects and CGI involved—are just intro material. Necessary intro material, but still intro material. While I don’t know what could have been cut out, I do know that it was a bit of a slog. And while I can’t go into detail without giving away more of the movie than is appropriate in a review, I can say that it’s worth powering through—the rest of the movie is excellent.
Second, as I noted above, Kryptonian society is clearly supposed to be Platonic (at one point we even see a young Superman reading Plato). Unfortunately, it’s really more of a caricature of Plato than anything—the sort of understanding of Plato one would get from a poorly taught intro to philosophy class. Which of course is fine; it’s just a movie and the corruption of Platonic ideas probably makes for a more interesting theme than pure Platonic ideas would. (I’m not sure that I would want to see Superman in a throw-down with a super-powered philosopher king.) But since I teach political philosophy, I thought I should at least point out that if you’re trying to learn Plato from this movie, you’re doing it wrong.
And of course, the biggest weakness of all: the line “Kneel before Zod!” is never uttered. This really is unforgiveable…
Despite the above weaknesses, Man of Steel really is an excellent movie.
First, unlike its immediate predecessor, this is not a movie in which Superman never hits anyone [salty language alert for that link—like, for real]. Superman throws down, and it is awesome. One of the benefits of having General Zod (or any other Kryptonian, for that matter) as the villain is that Superman doesn’t have to pull his punches. He doesn’t have to worry about vaporizing Lex Luthor’s head if he swings too hard—he can let fly with everything he’s got in the way that we’ve always wished he would. So for actiony/CGI wonderfulness alone, this movie is worth seeing.
Finally, it wouldn’t be a Schaeffer’s Ghost review without mentioning that the themes of the movie are interesting and worthwhile as well. One regularly repeated theme is the question of whether mankind needs an actual savior, or just an inspirational example to imitate. This obviously has all sorts of Christological implications and brings up the issue of the Pelagian heresy.
But more interesting is the question raised of whether we should be free to choose our own path in life, or whether we should accept the role that society has given us to fill. While the poor showing of Plato may irritate the political philosopher in me, I can at least recognize the value of this discussion in Man of Steel. Obviously, to some extent our answer to this question is going to depend on context, for example, if we’re discussing child-bearing then my gender means that, as a dude, my role in the process is pretty much set. If we’re discussing jobs or political office we’d give a different set of answers, while if we’re discussing marriage and family we might have yet another conversation.
And if it seems like I’m slipping into relativism and postmodern contextualism by challenging the question itself, well, maybe I kind of am. The fact is that as Christians we have a mixed view of freedom and social roles. On the one hand, we believe that man was created to fulfill a certain and specific purpose: to glorify God and enjoy Him forever. We can’t escape this; it is our telos as human beings. However much the hippie-rebel in us might rail against that statement, the fact is we will glorify God either in our being judged or in our being saved. There is no middle ground and no third way (and no real inherent ability on our part to jump between one and the other).
Likewise, we recognize that there are natural differences between people that clearly exist and should be acknowledged. My wife can sing quite well, while my singing voice approximates rubbing sandpaper on your eardrums. However badly I may want to sing professionally, if I don’t recognize that the wife is closer to that career goal than I will ever be, then I am living in a fantasy world and setting myself up for a good deal of bitterness. Natural capabilities must be accounted for.
At the same time, as Christians we hold that, so long as you are not sinning, you are free to do what you want in this world (though of course “so long as you are not sinning” is a huge caveat). If you want to be a teacher instead of a welder, or a singer instead of a fireman, no one will say you are wrong to do so. If you want to marry person X instead of person Y, or attend school A instead of school B, you are free to do those things. You may very well fail at these things, just as I would were I to try to be a professional singer, but we as Christians want to encourage the civil freedom to pursue these opportunities.
All of this to say that the predetermined roles vs. personal freedom is a bit of a false dichotomy. There’s a ‘both/and’ quality that adds a level of complexity to the question and defies simple answers. We really should go through these problems one issue at a time and have a long conversation with each other and with the world about the proper balance in each sphere of existence. This question involved issues too complex and multi-faceted to be tackled in a single blog post, even a lengthy one like this is becoming…
Fortunately, I do not demand complexity from superhero movies. I demand that Superman hit the bad guy with a train. And Man of Steel more than meets that relatively simple requirement.
Dr. Coyle Neal is Assistant Professor of Politics at Southwest Baptist University. As much as he does rock, he is not made of steel.