List of Books Of The Bible With Authors

List of Books Of The Bible With Authors August 20, 2015

What are a list of books in the bible and who the authors were?

The Torah or Pentateuch

Genesis
Exodus
Leviticus
Numbers
Deuteronomy

Most people take it that Moses wrote the first five books of the Bible which is called the Torah or the Pentateuch. There is strong internal evidence for Moses writing the first five books of the Bible and there is relatively little dispute about his authorship. Exodus 24:3-4 states “When Moses went and told the people all the Lord’s words and laws, they responded with one voice, “Everything the Lord has said we will do.” Moses then wrote down everything the Lord had said.” Two important things that should stand out are; Moses wrote down “all the Lord’s words and laws” and Moses wrote down “everything the Lord had said.” Much of that “everything” was obviously part of the Torah. Some argue that Moses didn’t die until the very last part of Deuteronomy 34 so how could he have written the last chapter? Moses did die in Deuteronomy 34:7 but it was near the very end of the book as there are only five more verses left in chapter thirty four and that’s when the Book of Joshua starts and where God’s chosen leader takes over, so it seems certain that Joshua wrote the last few verses of Deuteronomy 34. When Moses died, Joshua had already been chosen to lead Israel and that meant he was also in charge of the “everything the Lord had said” writings so he likely closed the Book of Deuteronomy by completing the last five verses (Duet 34:8-12).

The Book of Joshua

The Book of Joshua has strong internal evidence of the authorship of Joshua. We find this in Joshua 8:2 which says “And there, in the presence of the people of Israel, he wrote on the stones a copy of the Law of Moses, which he had written.” Not only does this say Joshua is writing down what is possibly the Ten Commandments but also some of the Mosaic laws. There is also the mention of Moses and copying the Law of Moses down and which “he had written,” establishing Moses authorship which covers most of the Torah (the first five books of the Bible). Later we read, “Joshua wrote these words in the Book of the Law of God. And he took a large stone and set it up there under the terebinth that was by the sanctuary of the Lord” (Joshua 24:26), meaning there had to be a “Book of the Law” to begin with (the Torah) and Joshua was writing down an account of what was happening in the Book of Joshua. Joshua 8:2 and 24:26 both show that Moses had written the Law and that Joshua was recording what was happing after Moses.

For-prophecy-never-had

The Book of Judges

The Book of Judges is a set of books that might all have the same author. Traditional, scholarly thought attributes the Book of Judges to Samuel the prophet who is apparently young enough to write this book and later, a few others.

The Book of Ruth

The Book of Ruth is also attributed to Samuel the prophet for the same reasons as given in the above paragraph about the Book of Judges. This book is among the most moving books in the Bible because it speaks about unfeigned loyalty and the underdog. The writing style is nearly identical in every way to that in the Book of Judges and the Book of Ruth.

First and Second Samuel

It’s not surprising at all that 1st and 2nd Samuel is authored by Samuel the prophet because he mentions himself in both the books.

First Kings and Second Kings

Jewish tradition attributes 1st Kings to Jeremiah the prophet as being the author. There is no other specific author that is even suggested next to Jeremiah the prophet.

Second Kings also has the authorship credited to Jeremiah the prophet. Some speculate that there are extra- Deuteronomists (other writers or authors) recording these events but the events in the Book of Jeremiah and both 1st and 2nd Kings are contemporary with one another.

First and Second Chronicles, Ezra, Nehemiah

All four of these books were most likely written by Ezra but Nehemiah may have contributed to the writing of the Book of Nehemiah.

The Book of Esther

The Book of Esther is the last of the section that is sometimes called The History. This is thought to be written by Mordecai who is one of the primary characters in this book.

The Book of Proverbs

The so-called “wisdom literature” begins with the Book of Proverbs and the overwhelming evidence is that the writings are from King David’s son, Solomon, said to be the wisest man on earth.

The Book of Ecclesiastes, the Song of Solomon

There is no doubt about Solomon being the authors of both of these books and so Proverbs, Ecclesiastes, and the Song of Solomon end the wisdom literature section of the Bible.

The Book of Isaiah

Isaiah begins the section in the Bible that is called the Major Prophets. Isaiah was obviously the author.

The Book of Jeremiah and the Book of Lamentations

Absolutely, Jeremiah is the author as he was also told to write things down just as Isaiah was.

The Book of Ezekiel

Ezekiel is also told to write things down and much of this book, like Jeremiah and Isaiah, is written in the first person.

The Book of Daniel

There is little doubt that Daniel wrote this book and with very little controversy about it.

The Book of Hosea

This is certainly authored by Hosea. This book marks the beginning of the Minor Prophets. They are called minor only due to their size and not their content.

The Book of Joel: Written by Joel.
The Book of Amos: Written by Amos
The Book of Obadiah: Written by Obadiah
The Book of Jonah: Written by Jonah
The Book of Micah: Written by Micah
The Book of Nahum: Written by Nahum
The Book of Habakkuk: Written by Habakkuk
The Book of Zephaniah: Written by Zephaniah
The Book of Haggai: Written by Haggai
The Book of Zechariah: Written by Zechariah

The Book of Malachi:

Written by Malachi and which also ends the Minor Prophets and the Old Testament.

The Gospel of Matthew

The Gospel of Matthew begins the New Testament and undoubtedly, this is Matthew’s writing.

The Gospel of Mark

This gospel is written by John Mark but it is actually the life and times of Peter during Jesus’ earthly ministry while on earth. You could called it the Gospel of Peter, written by John Mark and be right.

The Gospel of Luke

This was written by Luke, the beloved physician and you can tell his handwriting is all over this and the Book of Acts.

The Gospel of John

Written by the Apostle John

The Book of Acts

The same Luke who wrote the Gospel of Luke.

The Book of Romans

The Apostle Paul was the author.

First and Second Corinthians

Paul was the author.

The Book of Galatians

Paul was the author.

The Book of Ephesians

Paul was the author.

The Book of Philippians

Paul was the author.

The Book of Colossians

Paul was the author.

First and Second Thessalonians

Paul was the author.

First Timothy and Second Timothy

Paul was the author.

The Book of Titus

Paul was the author.

The Book of Philemon

Paul was the author.

The Book of Hebrews

We don’t know with as much certainty as we do the other books of the New Testament but the best possibility seems to fit the Apostle Paul.

The Book of James

Written by Jesus’ half-brother James.

First and Second Peter

Clearly the Apostle Peter.

First, Second, and Third John

Undoubtedly the Apostle John.

The Book of Jude

Another of Jesus’ half-brothers.

The Book of Revelation

This book should be called the Revelation of Jesus Christ because in Revelation 1:1-2 it says, “The revelation of Jesus Christ, which God gave him to show to his servants the things that must soon take place. He made it known by sending his angel to his servant John, who bore witness to the word of God and to the testimony of Jesus Christ.” The Apostle John did write it but it was Jesus Christ’s revelation that he wrote down.

Conclusion

Second Timothy 3:16 states “All scripture is given by inspiration of God” so God is ultimately the true author. You could look at it this way; my fingers are writing this but they are not the inspiration behind those fingers; my mind is. That’s not a very good analogy but maybe it helps you understand a little bit better. One thing is certain, “no prophecy was ever produced by the will of man, but men spoke from God as they were carried along by the Holy Spirit” (1st Pet 1:21).

Article by Jack Wellman

Jack Wellman is Pastor of the Mulvane Brethren church in Mulvane Kansas. Jack is also the Senior Writer at What Christians Want To Know whose mission is to equip, encourage, and energize Christians and to address questions about the believer’s daily walk with God and the Bible. You can follow Jack on Google Plus or check out his book Blind Chance or Intelligent Design available on Amazon.


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What Are Your Thoughts?leave a comment
  • pud

    More lies “pastor jack” There is NO evidence that anyone named moses ever existed…none. No one knows at all who wrote Mathew Mark Luke or John…another lie.

    Today, the majority of scholars agree that the Pentateuch does not have a single author, and that its composition took place over centuries.[7]

    From the late 19th century there was a general consensus among scholars around the documentary hypothesis, which suggests that the first four books (Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers) were created c.450 BCE by combining four originally independent sources, known as the Jahwist, the Elohist, the Deuteronomist, and the Priestly source.[8

    According to tradition the author was Luke the Evangelist, the companion of the Apostle Paul, but many modern scholars have expressed doubt and opinion on the subject is evenly divided.[89] Instead, they believe Luke-Acts was written by an anonymous Christian author who may not have been an eyewitness to any of the events recorded within the text.

    This is your most dishonest lie filled essay yet “pastor jack”

    How can you make your living lying to people?

    • Jack Wellman

      You pasted “Pentateuch does not have a single author, and that its composition took place over centuries.[7]” and so, the proverbial “copy and paste” argument. What is [7] and”[89]? Very unpersuasive. I can copy and paste arguments all day. Maybe you should have cited what you copied and acknowledged it wasn’t your own. Talking about dishonest…its the pot calling the kettle black here. Do you always resort to personal attacks and not stick with the issues? It appears so.

      • pud

        I have caught and called you out on at least 3 lies. Why can’t you admit that you were duped by a fake website and that you made crap up about authorship? Why “pastor jack”? Do you lie reguarly to your congregation too?

        • Jack Wellman

          I cannot admit it because it did not happen. May God have mercy on your soul and until next time, happy copy and pasting.

          • JasonDuffnering

            Amen Pastor Jack.

            I see no reason for the tone of Pud. One must wonder if he has nothing more to do than be confrontational.

            Perhaps Pud you could write your own column somewhere as you appear to believe you are some kind of Biblical authority. We would be more than pleased to critique your writing.

            Let’s be civil Pud. No sense the liar remark. If you disagree, disagree in a agreeable fashion. Please state your credential(s) and sources.

            Let well enough alone otherwise please. Shalom.

    • Facebook User

      pud,
      Your empty claims of ‘no evidence are ridiculous. What you mean is that there is no evidence you will accept. You’ve shown yourself time and again to be single mindedly ignorant of any fact that goes against your preconceptions. So, before you accuse someone of being a liar, look in the mirror so you can recognize one.

      • pud

        Be an adult for a minute if you can

        Define “evidence”

        Demonstrate any evidence presented by anyone here other than myself that fits the proper definition of the word..

        I dare you to try

        • Facebook User

          More playground tactics? You have all the evidence you need. Ignore it if you choose, but don’t claim you haven’t seen it. Buh bye

  • Brian K

    This list ignores the vast majority of scholarly consensus. The Torah is generally thought to have at least 4 different authors.

    https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Documentary_hypothesis

    The synoptic gospels (Matthew, Mark, Luke) were written anonymously, and appear to have borrowed from a common source.

    https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Two-source_hypothesis

    Many of the Pauline epistles were probably written pseudoepigraphically.

    https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pauline_epistles

    Note the importance of citing sources rather than just making bare assertions that should be taken on faith.

  • JasonDuffnering

    Some Biblical Scholars postulate that…
    It is possible that Hebrews was written by Saint Barnabas. It is typical of him to stay in the background. Barnabas started the Asian Church Mission trips and then was joined by Saint Paul who took the lead. Barnabas very well could have started the Church in Damascus. Saint Paul in his other letters and books started with greetings to the church and saints and ended with prayers for particular people also. Hebrews has neither of these… Just sayin…

    • Jack Wellman

      I have read that too. I know we don’t have enough to say for sure. One thing is for sure…God inspires all Scripture and it has no origin in man.

      • JasonDuffnering

        Agreed.
        We have no proof that Saint Paul wrote Hebrews either.
        It is curious Paul did not claim authorship and start and end the correspondence in his usual writing style.
        It is clear that whoever held the pen was Hebrew and literate in Greek.
        Man is told what to write. Man is merely the instrument recording the Word inspired by the Holy Spirit.

  • First and Second Peter
    Clearly the Apostle Peter.

    Just cuz it says? I think scholars need a little more than that. Second Peter in particular is consider pseudepigraphal. Also, scholars only accept that half of the “Pauline” books were actually written by Paul.

  • NickRepublic

    Pure supposition on my part but I always thought of either Nicodemus or Joseph of Arimathea as writing the book of Hebrews. I’m not a biblical scholar by any stretch but it seems like at least at the end of the Gospels, they had trusted in the Lord for salvation and being Pharisees who would better know the ins and outs of the Hebraic system of worship and theology?

  • Patrick Leeroy Farrington

    You forgot To cover the book of Job.