menu

Subtextual Healing: Trauma and Genre Television

Subtextual Healing: Trauma and Genre Television January 17, 2021

Warning: This post contains massive spoilers for the most recent season of “Star Trek: Discovery.”

With the events of the last two weeks, I haven’t had a chance to write about the season finale of “Star Trek: Discovery” that came our way recently. Even though we are looking at a new Presidential administration this week, we are far from clear from the problems of 2020, indeed, the last four years. We, as a nation, and in some ways, the world, have been going through a collective trauma. And that’s exactly what I saw reflected on the screen with the latest season of Trek. And while “Discovery” isn’t the first program to explore themes of trauma through genre allegory, this particular show resonated deeply with me and reflects so well where we are in early 2021.

“Star Trek: Discovery.” Season 3. Paramount Television.

Now, I know Trek isn’t exactly “occult” (except for that awful “Catspaw” episode), but if there’s one thing that Pagans can agree on, it’s that sci-fi/fantasy fandom is a major thing with many of us, to the point where we approach our fandom almost religiously. Personally, I like all things Star. Wars, Trek, Blazers, whatever, they all scratch different itches.

And while my interest in “Star Trek: Discovery” as a program had previously been somewhat lukewarm, this recent third season has kicked it into high gear. Now, your mileage may vary. I’ve heard many complaints, some valid, about how the new Trek shows promote style over substance, that people miss the standalone episodic structure of the 90s shows, that the lead character Michael Burnham is too important and too good at everything (what my friends and I used to call “the best damn pilot in the fleet” syndrome, based on the Starbuck character in the “Battlestar Galactica” remake).  But damn if I haven’t fallen for the crew of the Discovery, especially the lovely queer family of Stamets, Culber, Adira and Gray, featuring the first trans and non-binary characters, as well as the first openly gay couple, in Trek history.

Culber, Stamets and Adira, “Star Trek: Discovery,” Paramount Television.

However, it was the overarching storyline of season three that nailed it for me. It’s one of those things in which the writers and producers couldn’t possibly have known how resonant their work would be, having made the show long before its airing in late 2020. In watching this recent finale, it struck me that the writers must know their way around depth psychology, as the entire season is an allegory for collective trauma, our responses to it individually and culturally, and the possibility of healing.

If you’re not aware of the premise of this latest Trek iteration (and its streaming on CBS All Access has definitely limited its viewership) – well, I’m going to spoil a whole lot for you. The show started as yet another Trek prequel, set just before the events of the original series, ret-conning somewhat haphazardly, making the lead, Michael Burnham (Sonequa Martin-Green, replacing Sarah Michelle Gellar as the new SMG) Spock’s previously un-mentioned adoptive sister, having the leads interact with the crew of the Enterprise before Kirk in the second season, and generally rewriting everything from the technology of the time to the look of the Klingons, much to the chagrin of continuity obsessed fans.

At the end of season 2, the show came up with an explanation for why these characters and this ship were never mentioned by later Trek shows: they make a jump to the far future for reasons and the Federation (and Spock himself) vows to erase all mention of the ship and its crew from their records. Season three opens in the immediate aftermath of this 930 year time jump.

While the Discovery crew and our lead, Michael Burnham, are initially separated for a year, they independently discover that this Trek universe underwent a cataclysmic event over a century prior: something called “the Burn” that affected all ships carrying a dilithium-based warp core, and depleting the galaxy’s dilithium supply.

The Burn. “Star Trek: Discovery,” Paramount Television.

What this means, effectively, is that warp drive is no longer a thing for the most part, pockets of the various quadrants have become utterly isolated, the Federation is a mere shadow of its formal self, and oligarchic criminal enterprises based on slave trade, like the “Emerald Chain,” have propped up in its place. At the beginning of the season, Federation outposts can’t even communicate with each other because long range sensors are affected. We later find that the Earth has left the Federation and are actively hostile to it, waging war with what it thinks is an alien race, but is actually abandoned human colonists (“People of Earth”). Most other Federation planets have left or are cut off from their fellow planets. Eventually the Discovery crew finds the heart of what’s left of the Federation, led by the weary, and wary, Admiral Vance (Oded Fehr).

Thus, “Discovery” leans into its themes of isolation and disconnection, emphasizing the fear and distrust that have overtaken the cosmos in the century since the Burn. The crew has to overcome those tensions within itself in the same episode as the new character Adira has to come to terms with the Trill symbiote inside of them (“Forget Me Not”). I found this episode probably one of the most beautiful episodes I’ve ever seen in the history of Trek, that focuses on Adira fully embracing not only the multiple entities of their Trill symbiote, but also their non-binary identity.

But what we see as a whole is a universe broken by isolation, fear, distrust, division, lack of communication and connection. People across various planets and species are hurting deeply. Every time one of these themes emerged across the thirteen episodes of the season, I found myself profoundly moved by how well it reflected our current state of mind in late 2020/early 2021. After almost a year of the pandemic and various levels of quarantine, we’ve all felt isolated, disconnected, wistful for the “before times.” We’ve all experienced fear and distrust based on deep divisions that have been so widely amplified in the Trump years.

Now I acknowledge there’s a whole political dimension that I’m not even touching here, in which the Federation is dubiously cast as a benevolent power, a colonizing status quo that still polices various societies and wants to regain that status. Critiques of the show as a neo-liberal fantasy softened by the presence of queer characters and people of color in leadership roles are probably not that off base.

However, I found myself deeply invested in the Discovery crew’s quest to find the source of the Burn, to reconnect societies, to heal divisions, and to once again offer up hope to the galaxy.

Reno (Tig Notaro), Stamets (Anthony Rapp) and the Discovery crew witness the new Federation. Paramount Television.

They eventually do find the cause of the catastrophe, and without getting too bogged down in the technobabble (something to do with how his DNA interacts with dilithium or whatever), it comes down to a Kelpian (the same race as Discovery’s captain, Saru, played to perfection by the sublime Doug Jones), who has been trapped in an elaborate holo program for over a century yet still functions more or less like a child.

The Kelpian, Su’Kal (the always genius Bill Irwin) apparently has been in this program so long, set up by his dying mother as she and her family succumbed to radiation poisoning, that he has no idea what the outside world is like, or even that he is in a program. When members of the Discovery crew infiltrate the collapsing ship and enter the program, they appear as other species (and for the first time, we get to see Jones’ very expressive but usually heavily prosthetic face as human). We also get a fantastic moment where Gray, part of Adira’s Trill symbiote and usually only visible to them, becomes visible to everyone else through the program (“You can see me!”).

We further learn that a seemingly malevolent force in the program is actually a figure from a Kelpian children’s tale that teaches a lesson that you have to face your shadow and confront your fear before you can grow. Sound familiar?

Over the course of the season’s final two episodes, Saru and Dr. Culber (Wilson Cruz) help Su’Kal gradually come to terms with the fact that his constructed reality is just that and support him as he faces the traumatic memory that triggered his extreme emotional reaction, which in turn, caused the Burn: witnessing his mother’s death and his subsequent abandonment.

Saru (Doug Jones) and Su’Kal (Bill Irwin). “Star Trek: Discovery,” Paramount Television.

And here, I’m noticing, once again, we are dealing with a character navigating a fake reality. Unlike the malevolent Blackwood on “The Chilling Adventures of Sabrina,” who uses a magick wish to gain power, Su’Kal is truly an innocent, surviving with the help of a collective artificial intelligence that his mother has created for him to cope with being alone. But as Saru eventually explains to him, Su’Kal’s mother never intended him to stay in the program for over a century. The holo training was always meant to prepare him to interact with the real world. And of course, the fact that the ship is now collapsing around them, leaking radiation, lends some urgency to the proceedings.

And of course, all this happens while an intense Trek action movie is taking place back on Discovery. But the key to the season’s theme lies with the Kelpians. When he does come out of it, Su’Kal wants to make amends. Saru agrees to help him, yet reassures him that what happened is not his fault, ending the episode showing the traumatized Kelpian the sights of his homeworld, Kaminar, as a deeply caring mentor and caretaker.

Throughout the season, we see the importance of empathy, in terms of how the crew has to literally deal with the trauma of leaving all their family and loved ones behind forever, as well as the dangerous journey to the future that they barely survive. We see this particularly taking its toll on Detmer, one of the under-developed bridge crew characters, who is responsible for piloting the ship. In earlier parts of the season, we clearly see that she is dealing with a kind of PTSD and Dr. Culber has to work hard to convince her to seek help.

In the voice over medical officer log that opens up the emotional fourth episode, “Forget Me Not,” Culber, who had his own experience coming back from the dead in the previous season, describes what the crew of the Discovery is experiencing after some amount of time in the far future:

“It’s starting to hit everyone. Just how little we have to hold on to. The personal moments we use to define ourselves. Birthdays, anniversaries, graduations, funerals. We’ve jumped past all of them. They feel lost, disconnected. I tell them, I’ve been alone. I’ve been lost. Both are survivable. And surviving can become living again.”

Dr. Pollard (Raven Dauda) and the severely traumatized Lt. Detmer (Emily Coutts). “Star Trek: Discovery,” Paramount Television.

I can’t imagine a better description of what we’ve all gone through during the pandemic. I get weepy even replaying that one scene. That the writers were so prescient, crafting this before the pandemic was even a thought, is nothing short of incredible.

Culber later notes that the crew’s goal of finding the Federation again gives them the only hope they have. Here again, I was struck by how resonant this felt: the notion of returning to a central authority who you can trust, knowing that someone competent is in charge, perhaps a presidential administration that knows how to handle the pandemic. This particular episode aired on November 5, when we were still uncertain who won the election.

Of course, when I look closely at that longing to have faith in one’s government again, I know I’m being somewhat naïve, but there was definitely something primal in hoping for healing after all that we’ve been through since 2016. And the fact that the same episode also beautifully affirmed the identity of its trans characters, after we’ve seen LGBTQ rights erode in this country over the last four years, was especially compelling.

In other instances in this season of “ST:Disco,” we see evidence of empathy from Saru towards his crew, of Tilly towards Georgiou, of all people, and the fact that Michael’s partner in future hijinks, Cleveland Booker, comes from a race of beings who can literally connect with other species through biological empathy. So much so, that when we see Book’s home planet in the eighth episode, “Sanctuary,” we see him interact with other men in a way that I thought at first that the show was hinting he might be bisexual. But no, this is actually what non-toxic masculinity can be.

Regardless, the theme is clear. Only through empathy and confronting our own responses to trauma can we heal and move forward.

Book (David Ajala) uses his empathy with Burnham (Sonequa Martin-Green). “Star Trek: Discovery,” Paramount Television.

That got me thinking about other shows that have tackled trauma. In the past year alone, we’ve had “Lovecraft Country” looking at racial and generational trauma, “Umbrella Academy” looking at family trauma and how it manifests through a superhero narrative that could literally destroy the world. A year earlier, Damon Lindelof’s “Watchmen” limited series juxtaposed the responses to the horrific “squid” event at the end of Alan Moore’s graphic novel to the very real legacy of trauma from the Tulsa massacre of 1921. In the series, the characters are constantly living under the shadow, even 35 years later, of an event that rocked the psyche of the world. But it’s the Tulsa trauma that most drives the world’s first superhero, Hooded Justice.

And of course, Damon Lindelof is no stranger to basing tv shows around world changing traumatic events. His masterful HBO series, “The Leftovers” (2014-2017),  was built around a rapture-like event called “The Sudden Departure” in which 2% of the world’s population simply disappear with no explanation ever given in the show. Over three seasons of incredibly somber and depressing episodes, the show explored how the world would cope with such unspeakable trauma, as individuals, communities and society as a whole. In my viewing experience, unlike most shows that get darker as they go, “The Leftovers” starts dark and gradually uplifts its characters in unexpected, painfully earned ways.

Justin Theroux and Carrie Coons in “The Leftovers.” HBO.

It’s also important to note that Lindelof’s earlier claim to fame was as a co-showrunner to that glorious mess that was the cultural phenomenon, “Lost” (2004-2010). Part of that “mystery box” (an occult concept if there ever was one) trend popularized by J.J. Abrams, “Lost” tended to focus on the individual traumas that its wide variety of characters experienced in their own lives, in order to tell the story, somewhat haphazardly, of their collective experiences on the mysterious island.

Another show that was popular at the same time as “Lost” was the updated version of “Battlestar Galactica” (2004-2009), that involved a community of people severely traumatized by the near-annihilation of humanity by the Cylons, trying to survive and thrive at any cost. And in the course of the show, it turns out that the robotic Cylons have severe parental issues, and we eventually see their side of it. While so many people complained about the ending of BSG (just as they did for “Lost“), I remember feeling satisfied that the characters had earned their reprieve by the end with everything they had been through.

However, it was the first episode after the BSG pilot, the harrowing “33,” that solidified the show as a depiction of the constant stress, fear, and (of course) trauma involved with wartime and terrorism. Both BSG and “Lost” emerged from a very particular post-9/11 moment of fear and paranoia, where writers were exploring how a society changes, evolves, and struggles after a traumatic event that changes everything.

The exhausted “Battlestar Galactica” pilots in “33.” SyFy Television.

And while it’s not about a society, but a very close knit community group, no show reflected the underlying unease, withdrawal, isolation, and trauma responses of that time than the notorious sixth season of “Buffy the Vampire Slayer.” For that season, Buffy is dealing with the severe trauma of readjusting to life after sacrificing herself, dying and being resurrected against her will (“I think I was in heaven“), Xander leaves Anya at the altar, Spike almost rapes Buffy, Dawn melts down, and of course, Willow famously loses her shit after Tara is accidentally murdered.

Like the case with ST:Disco, BTVS’ season 6 was written before 9/11, with its initial episodes premiering in October 2001, yet what the country went through in the aftermath of the national trauma is reflected deeply in the characters’ individual struggles that season. And while much has been made about how season 6 prefigured important conversations about the toxicity of geek culture, the “darkness” of season 6 is rarely discussed in the context of 9/11.

Dark Willow in Season 6 of “Buffy the Vampire Slayer.” Warner Brothers Television.

I think fans viewed that season so negatively at the time because of what we were all going through. And that’s how it works. Art, music and film tend to land differently depending on what is happening in the world at the time. And if you’re tuned into that zeitgeist, you can’t help but see it reflected in how you analyze a cultural artifact.

And that’s not a trend going away any time soon. As the MCU continues after an almost 2 year absence, our first glimpse, with “Wandavision” (which just aired its first episodes on Disney +), hints that the main character, Wanda (Scarlet Witch) is somehow using her powers to cope with loss. Marvel Cinema’s guru, Kevin Feige, has noted how the upcoming Marvel properties will address “the Blip,” in which half the world’s population returns after the Thanos snap in the “Infinity War”/”Endgame” films, revealing that it will reflect our experiences with the pandemic.

During this last year of isolation, as many of us have turned to tv binging (for better or worse), it can be a comfort and even an opportunity to address issues and heal, through shows that resonant so well, personally and societally.

“Let’s Fly.” Captain Burnham in “Star Trek: Discovery,” Paramount Television.

The voice over monologue given by Michael Burnham at the end of the season finale of “Star Trek: Discovery” is worth citing:

“Disconnection. That’s how this future began. One moment in time radiated outward, until no one even remembered that connection was possible anymore. But it is. The need to connect is at our core as sentient beings. It takes time, effort and understanding. Sometimes it feels impossible. But if we work at it, miracles can happen.”

Like Su’Kal, we were never meant to stay in isolation forever. We don’t have to be trapped in the moment of our trauma, in denial, not confronting what we must.

I can only hope that Burnham’s optimistic sentiment here will lead us through the rest of the pandemic and into a future beyond it.

 

 

About Jason Winslade
Jason Winslade, PhD is a scholar of media, religion and performance studies residing in Chicago. He has taught courses on occultism and popular culture and media for over 20 years at the collegiate level, and has published essays and book chapters on topics such as "Buffy the Vampire Slayer," occult comic books, Pagan festivals, and reality TV. He is also a ritualist, musician, drummer and producer of live music and global fusion dance events, and is the co-host of the Pop Occulture Show on YouTube. Follow me on FB and IG @popoccultureshow. You can read more about the author here.

Browse Our Archives



TRENDING AT PATHEOS Pagan
What Are Your Thoughts?leave a comment

320 responses to “Subtextual Healing: Trauma and Genre Television”

  1. Well, I guess it was a good idea to try: mixing Trek with Halloween spookiness. Sorry it didn’t work, though. Before today, I couldn’t remember a thing about this episode except for the giant black cat. and I suspect 5 years from now I will say the same thing again.

  2. Fabulous analysis of these shows. I loved this last season of Star Trek Discovery. Your article helped me understand why.

  3. I actually love how cheesy that Catspaw episode is with all its occultural references from the mid 60s. I might do a whole post on it someday.

  4. I’m often amazed at how closely contemporary theater/TV/movies etc managed to mirror the present even though necessarily designed months or years before. My present best guess on why/how this happens is something like “the artists’ subconscious are seriously tuned in to the zeitgeist” … or maybe the zeitgeist is driving the bus whether the artist is aware of that or not.

  5. I like the first point you made there, but I am not sure I could pratcially apply that in a contructive way.

  6. Id should check with you here. Which is not one thing I normally do! I enjoy studying a post that will make folks think. Additionally, thanks for permitting me to comment!

  7. Hello! I just wanted to ask if you ever have any trouble with hackers?
    My last blog (wordpress) was hacked and I ended up losing
    many months of hard work due to no back up. Do you have any solutions to protect against
    hackers?

  8. Woah! I’m really loving the template/theme of this site.
    It’s simple, yet effective. A lot of times it’s difficult to get that “perfect balance” between user friendliness and appearance.
    I must say you have done a amazing job with this.
    Also, the blog loads super fast for me on Chrome.
    Outstanding Blog! games ps4 allenferguson games ps4

  9. I like the helpful info you provide in your articles.
    I’ll bookmark your weblog and check again right here regularly.
    I am rather sure I’ll be informed a lot of new stuff
    proper here! Good luck for the following! ps4 games 185413490784 ps4 games

  10. This is very interesting, You are a very skilled blogger.
    I’ve joined your rss feed and look forward to seeking more of
    your fantastic post. Also, I have shared your web site in my
    social networks!

  11. Wonderful blog! I found it while searching on Yahoo News.
    Do you have any suggestions on how to get listed
    in Yahoo News? I’ve been trying for a while but I never seem to
    get there! Thanks

  12. I’ve been surfing online more than 4 hours today, yet I never found any interesting article like yours.
    It’s pretty worth enough for me. In my view, if all webmasters
    and bloggers made good content as you did, the net will be a lot more useful than ever before.

  13. Undeniably imagine that that you stated. Your favorite justification appeared to be on the web the easiest factor to consider
    of. I say to you, I definitely get annoyed whilst people consider concerns that they just don’t understand about.

    You controlled to hit the nail upon the top and also outlined out the whole thing
    without having side-effects , people could take a
    signal. Will probably be back to get more. Thank you

  14. Woah! I’m really enjoying the template/theme of this site.

    It’s simple, yet effective. A lot of times it’s challenging to get
    that “perfect balance” between user friendliness and
    visual appearance. I must say you’ve done a
    great job with this. Also, the blog loads very fast for me on Firefox.
    Outstanding Blog!

  15. I was reading throught some of the posts and i locate them to be altogether attention-grabbing. sorry my english is not exaclty the actually best. would there be anyway to transalte this into my vernacular, spanish. it would in reality better me a lot. since i could compare the english lingo to the spanish language.

  16. I just came to your blog yesterday and I have been checking it out often. You have a ton of good information on the site and I love the design of the website also. Keep up the great work!

  17. My developer is trying to persuade me to move to
    .net from PHP. I have always disliked the idea because of the expenses.
    But he’s tryiong none the less. I’ve been using WordPress on several
    websites for about a year and am anxious about switching
    to another platform. I have heard great things about blogengine.net.
    Is there a way I can transfer all my wordpress content into it?
    Any help would be greatly appreciated!

  18. Pretty nice post. I simply stumbled upon your blog and wanted to mention that I have really enjoyed browsing your blog posts.

    After all I’ll be subscribing for your rss feed and I am hoping you write once more very soon!

  19. Magnificent beat ! I would like to apprentice while you amend your web site, how could i
    subscribe for a blog site? The account aided me a acceptable
    deal. I had been a little bit acquainted of this your broadcast provided bright
    clear concept

  20. Hey! This is kind of off topic but I need some advice from an established blog.

    Is it difficult to set up your own blog? I’m not very
    techincal but I can figure things out pretty fast.
    I’m thinking about making my own but I’m not sure where to begin. Do you have any
    tips or suggestions? Thanks

  21. Your mode of explaining all in this paragraph
    is genuinely pleasant, every one can effortlessly understand it, Thanks a lot.

  22. Nice post. I was checking continuously this blog and I am impressed!

    Extremely useful info specifically the last part 🙂 I care for
    such information a lot. I was seeking this certain info for a very long time.
    Thank you and good luck.

  23. Thank you for any other fantastic post. Where else could anyone get that type of info in such an ideal manner of writing?
    I have a presentation next week, and I am at
    the search for such info.

  24. Hello, I think your blog might be having browser compatibility issues.

    When I look at your blog in Safari, it looks fine but when opening in Internet Explorer,
    it has some overlapping. I just wanted to give you a quick heads up!
    Other then that, terrific blog!

  25. scoliosis
    I just couldn’t leave your website prior to suggesting that I actually loved the usual information a
    person supply on your guests? Is going to
    be again steadily to check up on new posts scoliosis

  26. scoliosis
    Hi there, i read your blog from time to time and i own a similar
    one and i was just wondering if you get a lot
    of spam comments? If so how do you protect against it, any plugin or anything
    you can suggest? I get so much lately it’s driving me insane so any support is very much appreciated.
    scoliosis

  27. dating sites
    It is the best time to make some plans for the future and it is time to be happy.
    I’ve read this post and if I could I want to suggest you some
    interesting things or tips. Perhaps you can write next articles referring to this article.
    I wish to read even more things about it! https://785days.tumblr.com/ free dating sites

  28. free dating sites
    I like the helpful info you provide in your articles. I’ll bookmark
    your weblog and check again here frequently. I’m quite
    sure I will learn many new stuff right here!

    Good luck for the next! dating sites

  29. Howdy! Do you know if they make any plugins to assist with SEO?

    I’m trying to get my blog to rank for some targeted keywords but I’m not seeing very good gains.

    If you know of any please share. Many thanks!

  30. My brother suggested I might like this blog.
    He was entirely right. This post actually made my day.

    You cann’t imagine simply how much time I had spent for this info!
    Thanks!

  31. Wonderful goods from you, man. I have understand your stuff prior
    to and you’re simply too great. I actually like what you have acquired here,
    certainly like what you are stating and the way in which in which you are saying it.
    You make it entertaining and you still care for to stay it smart.

    I cant wait to read far more from you. That is actually a wonderful website.

  32. My partner and I stumbled over here different website and thought I might check things out.
    I like what I see so now i’m following you. Look
    forward to looking at your web page repeatedly.

  33. An outstanding share! I’ve just forwarded this onto a
    co-worker who has been doing a little homework on this.
    And he in fact bought me lunch because I discovered it for him…
    lol. So let me reword this…. Thanks for the meal!!
    But yeah, thanks for spending some time to discuss this matter here on your internet site.

  34. Hello to all, the contents existing at this web page are actually
    amazing for people knowledge, well, keep up the
    nice work fellows.

  35. magnificent issues altogether, you just received a logo new reader. What may you recommend about your put up that you simply made a few days ago? Any certain?

  36. Wow! This can be one particular of the most beneficial blogs We have ever arrive across on this subject. Actually Great. I’m also an expert in this topic so I can understand your hard work.

  37. Pretty section of content. I just stumbled upon your weblog and in accession capital to assert that I acquire actually enjoyed account your blog posts. Anyway I’ll be subscribing to your feeds and even I achievement you access consistently quickly.

  38. I have been absent for a while, but now I remember why I used to love this web site. Thank you, I will try and check back more often. How frequently you update your web site?

  39. Wonderful paintings! This is the kind of info that are meant to be shared around the web. Shame on the search engines for no longer positioning this submit upper! Come on over and discuss with my website . Thank you =)

  40. I get pleasure from, result in I found just what I used to be taking a look for. You have ended my four day lengthy hunt! God Bless you man. Have a great day. Bye

  41. I intended to send you a very small observation to say thanks the moment again on the awesome thoughts you’ve featured in this article. It has been so shockingly generous with you to provide publicly what many individuals would’ve sold for an electronic book to end up making some bucks for themselves, particularly considering the fact that you could have tried it if you ever desired. The thoughts likewise served to become a fantastic way to know that other people have the identical zeal the same as mine to see a good deal more when considering this condition. I’m certain there are millions of more pleasant times in the future for individuals that read through your website.

  42. I’m still learning from you, but I’m trying to reach my goals. I absolutely enjoy reading all that is posted on your blog.Keep the stories coming. I liked it!

  43. Nice post. I was checking constantly this blog and I am impressed! Very useful info specifically the last part 🙂 I care for such info a lot. I was looking for this particular info for a long time. Thank you and good luck.

  44. Wonderful paintings! This is the kind of info that are meant to be shared around the web. Shame on the search engines for no longer positioning this submit upper! Come on over and discuss with my website . Thank you =)

  45. I simply wanted to say thanks again. I’m not certain the things I would’ve carried out in the absence of these points provided by you regarding such field. It was before a real daunting difficulty in my view, nevertheless considering the very skilled style you treated the issue took me to jump with fulfillment. Extremely grateful for the advice and then expect you comprehend what a great job that you’re putting in training the rest all through your site. Most likely you’ve never met all of us.

  46. I was just looking for this info for a while. After 6 hours of continuous Googleing, finally I got it in your web site. I wonder what’s the lack of Google strategy that do not rank this type of informative websites in top of the list. Generally the top web sites are full of garbage.

  47. Thank you for any other wonderful post. The place else may anybody get that type of information in such an ideal way of writing? I’ve a presentation next week, and I am at the look for such info.

  48. I am just writing to make you be aware of what a superb encounter my friend’s princess found reading your site. She picked up such a lot of details, most notably what it’s like to possess an incredible coaching nature to make other people just grasp chosen specialized matters. You really did more than my expected results. Thanks for delivering those good, safe, edifying and even easy guidance on the topic to Lizeth.

  49. whoah this weblog is excellent i like reading your posts. Keep up the great paintings! You know, a lot of people are looking around for this information, you can aid them greatly.

  50. It is perfect time to make some plans for the future and it’s time to be happy. I have read this post and if I could I want to suggest you few interesting things or tips. Maybe you can write next articles referring to this article. I desire to read even more things about it!

  51. You really make it seem really easy with your presentation but I to find this topic to be actually one thing which I think I might by no means understand. It seems too complicated and extremely wide for me. I’m looking ahead for your next put up, I will try to get the hang of it!

  52. I like what you guys are up also. Such clever work and reporting! Keep up the superb works guys I¡¦ve incorporated you guys to my blogroll. I think it’ll improve the value of my web site 🙂

  53. I like what you guys are up also. Such clever work and reporting! Keep up the superb works guys I¡¦ve incorporated you guys to my blogroll. I think it’ll improve the value of my web site 🙂

  54. I have read some just right stuff here. Certainly value bookmarking for revisiting. I surprise how much attempt you place to make this type of excellent informative website.

  55. This is really interesting, You’re a very skilled blogger. I have joined your feed and look forward to seeking more of your great post. Also, I’ve shared your site in my social networks!

  56. I as well as my guys were actually digesting the good ideas from your web site then at once I had a terrible feeling I never expressed respect to you for those secrets. The men ended up for that reason warmed to read them and have really been enjoying them. Appreciation for actually being quite kind as well as for making a decision on certain amazing subject matter most people are really wanting to be informed on. My sincere regret for not expressing gratitude to you earlier.

  57. My brother suggested I might like this website. He was entirely right. This post actually made my day. You can not imagine simply how much time I had spent for this info! Thanks!

  58. Hiya, I am really glad I have found this info. Nowadays bloggers publish just about gossips and internet and this is actually irritating. A good site with interesting content, this is what I need. Thank you for keeping this web site, I’ll be visiting it. Do you do newsletters? Can not find it.

  59. I was recommended this website by my cousin. I’m not sure whether this post is written by him as nobody else know such detailed about my trouble. You are incredible! Thanks!

  60. I loved as much as you’ll receive carried out right here. The sketch is tasteful, your authored material stylish. nonetheless, you command get bought an impatience over that you wish be delivering the following. unwell unquestionably come more formerly again since exactly the same nearly very often inside case you shield this increase.

  61. Thank you for the auspicious writeup. It in fact was a amusement account it. Look advanced to far added agreeable from you! By the way, how can we communicate?

  62. I like what you guys are up also. Such clever work and reporting! Keep up the superb works guys I¡¦ve incorporated you guys to my blogroll. I think it’ll improve the value of my web site 🙂

  63. You really make it seem so easy with your presentation but I find this matter to be actually something which I think I would never understand. It seems too complex and very broad for me. I’m looking forward for your next post, I will try to get the hang of it!

  64. Simply desire to say your article is as astounding. The clarity in your post is just great and i can assume you’re an expert on this subject. Fine with your permission let me to grab your feed to keep updated with forthcoming post. Thanks a million and please continue the gratifying work.

  65. Hello, i think that i saw you visited my blog thus i came to “return the favor”.I’m attempting to find things to enhance my website!I suppose its ok to use some of your ideas!!

  66. I as well as my guys were actually digesting the good ideas from your web site then at once I had a terrible feeling I never expressed respect to you for those secrets. The men ended up for that reason warmed to read them and have really been enjoying them. Appreciation for actually being quite kind as well as for making a decision on certain amazing subject matter most people are really wanting to be informed on. My sincere regret for not expressing gratitude to you earlier.

  67. You can definitely see your expertise within the work you write. The sector hopes for more passionate writers like you who are not afraid to mention how they believe. Always go after your heart.

  68. Very good written information. It will be valuable to anybody who employess it, as well as yours truly :). Keep up the good work – for sure i will check out more posts.

  69. You can definitely see your expertise within the work you write. The sector hopes for more passionate writers like you who are not afraid to mention how they believe. Always go after your heart.

  70. hello!,I like your writing very much! percentage we be in contact extra about your post on AOL? I require a specialist on this area to solve my problem. Maybe that’s you! Having a look forward to peer you.

  71. Hey, you used to write fantastic, but the last several posts have been kinda boring¡K I miss your tremendous writings. Past several posts are just a little out of track! come on!

  72. Thanks for the sensible critique. Me and my neighbor were just preparing to do some research on this. We got a grab a book from our area library but I think I learned more from this post. I’m very glad to see such great info being shared freely out there.

  73. Hello my friend! I want to say that this article is amazing, nice written and include almost all important infos. I would like to look more posts like this .

  74. Thanks for the sensible critique. Me and my neighbor were just preparing to do some research on this. We got a grab a book from our area library but I think I learned more from this post. I’m very glad to see such great info being shared freely out there.

  75. You really make it seem so easy with your presentation but I find this matter to be actually something which I think I would never understand. It seems too complex and very broad for me. I’m looking forward for your next post, I will try to get the hang of it!

  76. I don’t even know how I ended up here, but I thought this post was great. I don’t know who you are but certainly you are going to a famous blogger if you aren’t already 😉 Cheers!

  77. I was just looking for this info for a while. After 6 hours of continuous Googleing, finally I got it in your web site. I wonder what’s the lack of Google strategy that do not rank this type of informative websites in top of the list. Generally the top web sites are full of garbage.

  78. Pretty section of content. I just stumbled upon your weblog and in accession capital to assert that I acquire actually enjoyed account your blog posts. Anyway I’ll be subscribing to your feeds and even I achievement you access consistently quickly.

  79. Simply desire to say your article is as astounding. The clarity in your post is just great and i can assume you’re an expert on this subject. Fine with your permission let me to grab your feed to keep updated with forthcoming post. Thanks a million and please continue the gratifying work.

  80. Hello there, just became alert to your blog through Google, and found that it is truly informative. I am gonna watch out for brussels. I’ll be grateful if you continue this in future. Lots of people will be benefited from your writing. Cheers!

  81. Simply desire to say your article is as astounding. The clarity in your post is just great and i can assume you’re an expert on this subject. Fine with your permission let me to grab your feed to keep updated with forthcoming post. Thanks a million and please continue the gratifying work.

  82. hello!,I like your writing very much! percentage we be in contact extra about your post on AOL? I require a specialist on this area to solve my problem. Maybe that’s you! Having a look forward to peer you.

  83. I get pleasure from, result in I found just what I used to be taking a look for. You have ended my four day lengthy hunt! God Bless you man. Have a great day. Bye

  84. I just could not go away your site before suggesting that I actually enjoyed the standard info a person supply in your guests? Is going to be back continuously to investigate cross-check new posts

  85. Thank you for sharing excellent informations. Your web-site is so cool. I’m impressed by the details that you have on this blog. It reveals how nicely you perceive this subject. Bookmarked this website page, will come back for more articles. You, my pal, ROCK! I found simply the information I already searched everywhere and simply could not come across. What a great site.

  86. magnificent issues altogether, you just received a logo new reader. What may you recommend about your put up that you simply made a few days ago? Any certain?

  87. Good article and right to the point. I don’t know if this is really the best place to ask but do you folks have any thoughts on where to employ some professional writers? Thanks in advance 🙂

  88. Pretty section of content. I just stumbled upon your weblog and in accession capital to assert that I acquire actually enjoyed account your blog posts. Anyway I’ll be subscribing to your feeds and even I achievement you access consistently quickly.

  89. It is in point of fact a nice and useful piece of info. I am happy that you just shared this helpful information with us. Please keep us informed like this. Thank you for sharing.

  90. I do accept as true with all of the ideas you have offered for your post. They are very convincing and can certainly work. Still, the posts are too brief for novices. Could you please prolong them a little from next time? Thank you for the post.

  91. I truly wanted to post a brief comment to be able to thank you for some of the lovely pointers you are sharing at this site. My incredibly long internet search has at the end of the day been honored with excellent facts and techniques to share with my good friends. I ‘d express that most of us site visitors are really lucky to exist in a wonderful site with so many special people with insightful tips and hints. I feel rather blessed to have come across your site and look forward to so many more entertaining moments reading here. Thanks a lot once more for all the details.

  92. I’m still learning from you, but I’m trying to reach my goals. I absolutely enjoy reading all that is posted on your blog.Keep the stories coming. I liked it!

  93. I think this is one of the most important info for me. And i’m glad reading your article. But should remark on few general things, The website style is great, the articles is really excellent : D. Good job, cheers

  94. Fantastic goods from you, man. I’ve understand your stuff previous to and you are just extremely fantastic. I really like what you have acquired here, really like what you are stating and the way in which you say it. You make it entertaining and you still take care of to keep it sensible. I can’t wait to read far more from you. This is really a tremendous site.

  95. Wow, fantastic blog layout! How long have you been blogging for? you make blogging look easy. The overall look of your site is magnificent, as well as the content!

  96. I was just looking for this info for a while. After 6 hours of continuous Googleing, finally I got it in your web site. I wonder what’s the lack of Google strategy that do not rank this type of informative websites in top of the list. Generally the top web sites are full of garbage.

  97. Someone necessarily assist to make critically articles I would state. This is the very first time I frequented your website page and thus far? I amazed with the analysis you made to create this particular put up incredible. Great process!

  98. Valuable information. Fortunate me I discovered your website by chance, and I’m shocked why this twist of fate did not took place earlier! I bookmarked it.

  99. Hi there, I found your site via Google at the same time as looking for a similar subject, your site came up, it appears great. I have bookmarked it in my google bookmarks.

  100. Hello there, just became alert to your blog through Google, and found that it is truly informative. I am gonna watch out for brussels. I’ll be grateful if you continue this in future. Lots of people will be benefited from your writing. Cheers!

  101. Excellent blog here! Also your site loads up very fast! What web host are you using? Can I get your affiliate link to your host? I wish my site loaded up as fast as yours lol

  102. You can definitely see your expertise within the work you write. The sector hopes for more passionate writers like you who are not afraid to mention how they believe. Always go after your heart.

  103. We are a group of volunteers and opening a new scheme in our community. Your website offered us with valuable info to work on. You’ve done a formidable job and our entire community will be thankful to you.

  104. I loved as much as you’ll receive carried out right here. The sketch is tasteful, your authored material stylish. nonetheless, you command get bought an impatience over that you wish be delivering the following. unwell unquestionably come more formerly again since exactly the same nearly very often inside case you shield this increase.

  105. As I web-site possessor I believe the content matter here is rattling fantastic , appreciate it for your hard work. You should keep it up forever! Best of luck.

  106. It is perfect time to make some plans for the future and it’s time to be happy. I have read this post and if I could I want to suggest you few interesting things or tips. Maybe you can write next articles referring to this article. I desire to read even more things about it!

  107. Great write-up, I¡¦m regular visitor of one¡¦s blog, maintain up the excellent operate, and It is going to be a regular visitor for a long time.

  108. I really appreciate this post. I¡¦ve been looking all over for this! Thank goodness I found it on Bing. You have made my day! Thank you again

  109. Hiya, I am really glad I have found this info. Nowadays bloggers publish just about gossips and internet and this is actually irritating. A good site with interesting content, this is what I need. Thank you for keeping this web site, I’ll be visiting it. Do you do newsletters? Can not find it.

  110. Wow, marvelous weblog layout! How lengthy have you been blogging for? you made blogging glance easy. The overall look of your website is fantastic, as well as the content!

  111. I have read some just right stuff here. Certainly value bookmarking for revisiting. I surprise how much attempt you place to make this type of excellent informative website.

  112. My brother suggested I might like this website. He was entirely right. This post actually made my day. You can not imagine simply how much time I had spent for this info! Thanks!

  113. For most up-to-date information you have to go to see internet and on world-wide-web I found this web site as a most excellent web site for newest updates.

  114. What i don’t realize is in fact how you are no longer really much
    more smartly-favored than you may be right now. You are so intelligent.
    You know thus considerably in the case of this topic,
    made me individually imagine it from so many varied angles.
    Its like men and women don’t seem to be interested unless it is something to do with Lady gaga!
    Your individual stuffs outstanding. At all times handle it
    up!

  115. Definitely believe that which you stated. Your favorite justification seemed
    to be on the net the easiest thing to be aware
    of. I say to you, I certainly get annoyed while people consider worries
    that they plainly don’t know about. You managed to hit the nail upon the top and
    defined out the whole thing without having side-effects , people can take a signal.
    Will probably be back to get more. Thanks

  116. This is very attention-grabbing, You are an excessively professional blogger.
    I have joined your rss feed and look forward to seeking more of your great post.
    Also, I’ve shared your web site in my social networks

  117. Wow, wonderful blog format! How lengthy have you ever been blogging for?
    you make running a blog glance easy. The overall glance of your web site is excellent,
    let alone the content material!

  118. Howdy! Do you know if they make any plugins
    to safeguard against hackers? I’m kinda paranoid about losing
    everything I’ve worked hard on. Any suggestions?

  119. My brother suggested I might like this blog. He was entirely right.
    This post actually made my day. You can not
    imagine just how much time I had spent for this info!
    Thanks!

  120. A person essentially lend a hand to make severely posts I would
    state. This is the very first time I frequented your web page and up to now?

    I amazed with the research you made to make this particular post extraordinary.

    Wonderful job!

  121. Very nice post. I just stumbled upon your blog and wanted to say that I’ve truly enjoyed surfing around your blog posts.

    In any case I’ll be subscribing to your rss feed and I hope you write
    again very soon!

  122. Interesting blog! Is your theme custom made or
    did you download it from somewhere? A design like yours with a
    few simple tweeks would really make my blog jump out.
    Please let me know where you got your theme.
    Thanks

  123. Can I simply just say what a comfort to find somebody that genuinely understands what they’re talking about on the web.
    You certainly realize how to bring an issue
    to light and make it important. A lot more people really need to look at this
    and understand this side of your story. I can’t believe you are not more popular since you certainly have
    the gift.

  124. Right here is the right website for everyone who wants to find out about this topic.
    You realize so much its almost tough to argue with you (not that I really would want to…HaHa).
    You definitely put a fresh spin on a subject which has been discussed for years.
    Excellent stuff, just wonderful!

  125. ラブドール 一覧 ダッチワイフを作成します。あなたのファンタジーラブドールを組み立てるあなたのセックスドールを片付けるための最良のテクニック賢明なセックスドールを購入する動機トップ10セクシーな本物のセックスドールは調整可能なセックスドールを提供します

  126. Outstanding post but I was wondering if you could write a litte more on this subject?
    I’d be very grateful if you could elaborate a little bit more.
    Bless you!

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.