Philosophia Toxicum: A Discourse on the Poison Path

Philosophia Toxicum: A Discourse on the Poison Path February 8, 2022

The Poison Path According to One Poisoner

Death of Socrates. Jacques-Louis David. 1787.

I have been writing and teaching about my experiences as a practitioner of poison path witchcraft since 2016.  I have had the opportunity to get to know numerous other practitioners, each with their own way of working; their own perspective from which they approach this path.  Few people will choose to completely dedicate their occult pursuits to working with spiritual and physical poisons, for obvious reasons.  The term, The Poison Path was coined by author Dale Pendell in the 1970s, in his Pharmako trilogy.  It was used to describe the alchemical extraction of entheogenic substances from potentially poisonous plants, specifically for their use in magic, ritual and spiritual practice.  Pendell artistically presents the philosophies that make the framework of this path, as well as a system of categorization showing the wide spectrum of entheogenic experience.

The Poison Path is animistic in nature and recognizes the spiritual forces alive inside plants and fungi.  It is usually woven into an existing spiritual framework, and used to supplement one’s own unique practices. Poison Path practitioners are all varieties of witches, alchemists, occultists and plant-based spiritualists. There is no right or wrong way to explore the Poison Path and calling it a Path makes it sound like a closed tradition with clear boundaries.  It is not.  It is a “path,” in that we choose to follow this pursuit wherever it may lead.  It is not the only path for the verdant practitioner, and you cannot understand poisonous plants without first understanding their healing counterparts.

Although the Poison Path is focused on the occult nature of poisonous plants, it is a path of balance.  There is as much emphasis on the antidote and panacea as there is on the toxin.  This is why it is often called the Crooked Path.  One must travel both the way of balm and bane because staying on either side for too long has its detrimental effects.  To heal we must go through our own ordeals, illnesses and initiations to transmute our own spiritual poisons into power so that we can continue to heal ourselves and others.  The poison garden also includes other baneful herbs, which have an otherworldy, adversarial, or pernicious nature, but aren’t psychoactive or poisonous.  The plant’s of the devil’s garden, and all form of briar and bramble all contain their own wisdom.

Veneficium Photo by Coby Michael

Practitioners of the Poison Path seek out those plants that have been ostracized or forgotten by most people.  The Poison Path is the way of the occultist and the witch, and while there are powerful physical forces at play, including a plant’s toxic and visionary effects, the focus for the Poison Path is on the esoteric applications for these potent forces.  In short it is the study and application of poisonous, baneful, invasive, and demonized plants for their occult virtues and to connect with them as familiar spirits.  This is to develop a deeper understanding of the toxikon or pharmakon, and its transmutational power.  It is a kind of plant alchemy, that demonstrates that these master plant spirits work on many levels at once in a synergy that allows for their spiritual and magical effects.

“Poison is a glyph for magical power itself.” – Daniel Schulke, Veneficium 2017

Much of the preparation and study of the Poison Path involves the study of toxicology and its history.  In the ancient world the mechanism of poison was not understood on a chemical level.  This did not stop people from using poisonous substances for medicine, murder and magic.  A large body of folk knowledge and legal discourse involving the idea of poison shows us this original understanding.  Poison was a deadly and invisible force to ancient people.   It could travel through the air, emanate from the evil eye and contaminate anything nearby. The plants that were known to contain these malefic substances were thought to draw their poisonous nature directly from the underworld, or the dead.  Poison is the great opposer.  The antithesis of life force, but also sometimes its savior.

“As Paracelsus noted, poison is both omnipresent and absent in nature.” – Daniel Schulke, Veneficium 2017

Poison and witchcraft are synonymous.  It is the original transgression, the intoxication of humankind through the Apple of Knowledge.  It is the transmission of angelic knowledge to human beings to create something wholly different.  Poison is that which is Other, and that is exactly what the witch seeks to connect with.  Contagion, miasma, and plague are all concepts related to the Poison Path.  Accusations put towards many an accused witch.  The Church views witchcraft as a spiritual contagion, a toxin, infecting society with its maleficia.  The Poison Path is an inherently rebellious path of self-discovery through trial, initiatory death and shamanic visions.

The poison path witch is allied to the Promethean archetype, the light-bringers cast into darkness for stealing what was designated as only for the gods.  We can also play this role, climbing into the branches of the world tree or descending into its roots to discover knowledge and to interact with non-human intelligences.  The practitioner of the poison path achieves this through acts of opposition and entheogenic experience, both are a means of generating altered states of consciousness that result in spiritual experiences.

Plant Spirit Vessel. Courtesy of Coby Michael.

The Entheogenic Sacrament

These altered states are achieved through the use of entheogens, plants and fungi ritually prepared for their psychoactive effects.  When honed through ritual action and clear purpose, these entheogenic states of consciousness confer deep trance states, otherworld travel, and communication with the spirit world.  This is one of many ways used throughout the world to achieve altered consciousness, and like all of the other modalities it is often paired with more than one technique.

The study of entheogens and how they have been used throughout history is the study of ethnobotany. Ethnobotanists study how indigenous people use the plants native to their land for medicine, ritual and magic.  The use of entheogens in spiritual practice is a large part of the study involved in walking the Poison Path, this is the path of pharmakeía, an ancient Greek term for knowledge of pharmaka.  Pharmaka or pharmakon were potent plant-based preparations that were medicinal, intoxicating and often potentially poisonous.

This is slightly different from the approach of the venefica or poison witch.  Veneficium is a Latin term that is synonymous with poisoning and witchcraft.  The poison witch seeks to connect with the same forces previously mentioned.  The focus here is more on the plant’s baneful nature than its psychoactive properties, and can be achieved without ingesting any plant material.  This technique of traditional witchcraft is atavistic, in this way poison is used in ritual transgression or opposition to connect with numinous forces.

The Poisoned Chalice

The ultimate act of opposition, the poisoning of oneself*, even in a symbolic way creates a powerful stir in the most primal parts of our mind.  It is against our instincts of self-preservation to come into contact with toxic substances.  (*I am by no means suggesting that anyone ingest anything poisonous.  There are certain ways that this is achieved and it is unique to the practitioner and the plant ally.  This is information comes through study, experience, and plant spirit communion.)  Doing so creates a point of liminality which we can utilize when in trance to travel in spirit, communicate with other beings, cast powerful spells and access knowledge through divination.

This could be something as innocuous as floating a deadly nightshade (Atropa belladonna) flower in a ritual chalice full of water or wine, while you are not in any actual danger, it sends a powerful ripple into the spirit world.  It says that this person is willing to approach death on its own terms.

The goal here is not actual death, but ego death.  Death of the Self frees one from the constraints of their present state of mind, situation and personality so that deeper wells of consciousness can be accessed.   This is the realm of the Witches’ Sabbath, the Wild Hunt, and the new perspective gained from hanging oneself on the world tree.  There are other traditions as well that work with the energies of death, toxin and contagion for its spiritual alchemy.  The most commonly used example are the Aghori, devotees of the god Shiva Vishpan, the poison-drinker.  Their practices include ingesting toxic plants like Aconitum ferox and Datura metel with Cannabis spp. Their way of working with the spirit world is similar to the thought behind the Poison Path.

There are concepts of spiritual poison, evil air and flying venom that show up in other cultures as well.  Poison is a spiritual force as much as a physical compound, and here is where the occult wisdom in the Poison Path lies.  It is at the intersection of medicine and murder. Somewhere in the realm between death and dreaming, and in the knowledge that poison is everywhere and nowhere.  The Poison Path, as a path of exploration takes many different directions.

Veneficium. First Edition. Courtesy of Coby Michael.

Concluding Words

I don’t presume to define anyone’s path for them, nor am I under the impression that I have encountered everything the Poison Path has to teach me.  All I can do is share what I see from where I stand and hope that others do the same.  In short, the Poison Path is about connecting to the Otherness that we all seek as magical practitioners.  The plants that populate the Poison Path are an intermediary to that otherness, acting as its representative in this world.  The path of the poisoner is to seek these spirits out for what they can teach us.

Poison is an alchemical force, and through its contemplation we become vessels for the venomous nectar, the forbidden fruit of knowledge.  Through the art of in-toxication we break the chains that hold us to our physical bodies and descend to the Earth’s mysterious depths, as well as deep within ourselves.  It is in our own darkness that we find illumination.  It is through transmuting our own personal poisons that we can claim sovereignty.

People often warn of the spiritual implications of working with poisonous and baneful plants.  The concern is that the practitioner is somehow contaminated or tainted.  They fear the darkness, and that if the Sun sets it will not return.  Many of us found this practice as wounded healers, already carrying our own dark toxins.  It is our affinity with these forces that calls us to this work.

“What is food to one, is to another bitter poison.” – Lucretius


For more information on the Poison Path, check out these resources.

Check out The Poison Path tab at the top of my blog for my other articles on this topic!


Veneficium: Magic, Witchcraft and the Poison Path, Daniel Schulke, Three Hands Press

Pharmako Dynamis, Pharmako Poeia, and Pharmako Gnosis by Dale Pendell, North Atlantic Books

The Poison Path Herbal: Baneful Herbs, Medicinal Nightshades, & Ritual Entheogens by Coby Michael, Park Street Press

Psychedelic Mystery Traditions: Spirit Plants, Magical Practices and Ecstatic States by Thomas Hatsis, Park Street Press

The Witching Herbs: 13 Magickal Herbs from the Witches Garden, Harold Roth, Weiser Books


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