Guest Contributor: Al Erisman
Have you ever had a hard day at work? And when you are able to stop the blame game, you recognize that much of the grief you face is of your own making?
Joseph, son of Jacob, son of Isaac, son of Abraham had such a day. We can look at his story for insight in dealing with our own challenges. But first we need to set the stage for Joseph’s hard day at work.
When we first encounter Joseph in Genesis 37, he is seventeen years old. The favoritism his father showed him was evident to all. The Scripture mentions the problem in two ways: it tells us that his father made him a richly ornamented robe (Genesis 37:3), and that Joseph brought “a bad report” about his brothers and their work (Genesis 37:2). We don’t know the nature of his brothers’ offenses, but we do know that reporting this in a straightforward way could not have endeared Joseph to his brothers. Their reaction to him is clear: “When his brothers saw that their father loved him more than any of them, they hated him and could not speak a kind word to him” (Genesis 37:4).
This is enough dysfunction in a home to make it difficult for even a mature person to navigate the political waters. It may be that these experiences helped Joseph later in navigating the politics of Pharaoh’s organization, but for now it was not a pretty sight.
And then he poured gasoline on the fire. He had a dream, and immediately he said to his brothers, “‘Listen to this dream I had: We were binding sheaves of grain out in the field when suddenly my sheaf rose and stood upright, while your sheaves gathered around mine and bowed down to it.’ . . . And [his brothers] hated him all the more because of his dream and what he had said” (Genesis 37:8).
He didn’t learn. “Then he had another dream, and he told it to his brothers. ‘Listen,’ he said, ‘I had another dream, and this time the sun and moon and eleven stars were bowing down to me’” (Genesis 37:9). As a result, “his brothers were jealous of him, but his father kept the matter in mind” (Genesis 37:11).
Joseph had several things working against him at this point. He was a favorite of his father, something he could not control but seemed to enjoy; he was a snitch; and he talked about his two dreams, not learning from the bad reaction to the first when he told the second. Thinking about the context, he would probably have been wise to keep at least the interpretation to himself. It is easy to see him as arrogant here. And it is easy to see why his brothers were jealous and angry.
Joseph’s First Leadership Failure
In this setting, Joseph was given his first leadership assignment—and as we will see, he was not ready for it. His brothers had gone off to Shechem, and Jacob wanted Joseph to check up on them. His instructions were, “Go and see if all is well with your brothers and with the flocks, and bring word back to me” (Genesis 37:14).
Joseph showed a characteristic perseverance in pursuing this task. But he made a huge mistake: he was wearing the “ornate robe” his father had given him as a sign of his favor. What was he thinking? Didn’t he consider how his brothers would react to this mark of all that was wrong in the family? It was like wearing a red shirt to a bull fight. Apparently, Joseph was good at carrying out the mechanics of what his father asked him to do, but he completely forgot to think about what he would do when he found his brothers. Not surprisingly, his brothers reacted negatively to his new leadership. “They saw him in the distance, and before he reached them, they plotted to kill him” (Genesis 37:18).
Joseph lacked awareness of how his actions and words would affect other people. Scientific research has given us some insight into something called “theory of mind,” which John Medina describes in his best-selling book Brain Rules:12 Principles for Surviving and Thriving at Work, Home, and School (Pear Press, 2014). How do people understand a situation from the perspective of others? How does a person get inside the minds of others and imagine what it would be like to experience rewards and punishments from their perspective? This is an incredibly important capability for any leader, and Joseph apparently did not have it yet.As the brothers saw Joseph coming from a long way off, they recognized him immediately because of his coat. In their rage, they planned to kill him. But the oldest brother Reuben stood up for him, suggesting they detain him and not shed his blood. He had in mind that he could rescue him later and get him back to their father. So the brothers agreed to strip Joseph of his multicolored coat and while Reuben was away they sold him as a slave to a passing caravan.
When the caravan arrived in Egypt, Joseph was sold as a slave to the house of Potiphar, the captain of the guard for the Pharaoh. It would have been easy for Joseph to be self-critical at this point. Why did I wear that coat? Why did I go to my brothers so arrogantly? Or to blame others. Why did my father send me into that mess? Why are my brothers so horrible? Where is this God I have worshipped? I have followed him more faithfully than my brothers or even my father, and yet he doesn’t seem to care about me. Or simply to sulk. Why am I in this terrible mess? I don’t deserve this.
But it appears that Joseph did none of these things. The Bible says he remained connected with his God even in a place far away from home, and he applied himself to the work put in front of him. “The Lord was with Joseph so that he prospered, and he lived in the house of his Egyptian master” (Genesis 39:2).
Joseph ignored his failure and immediately got to work on the next opportunity, in this case in Potiphar’s house. And he did this work so well that he got promoted:
Joseph found favor in [his master’s] eyes, and became his attendant. Potiphar put him in charge of his household, and he entrusted to his care everything he owned. . . . The blessing of the Lord was on everything Potiphar had, both in the house and in the field. So Potiphar left in Joseph’s care everything he had; with Joseph in charge, he did not concern himself with anything except the food he ate. (Genesis 39:4–6)
Joseph found himself in a new leadership position—although as a slave, it was not one he would have chosen. He was certainly a long way from home and its familiar surroundings. But he got to work and did this work well.
What an important challenge for us in our own work when the circumstances are not to our liking. It is almost as if Joseph understood what Paul said to the slaves in his day (and to us in our day), “Whatever you do, work at it with all your heart, as working for the Lord and not for men….It is the Lord Christ you are serving.” (Colossians 3:23)
This material is excerpted from The Accidental Executive: Lessons in Business, Faith, and Calling from the Life of Joseph (Hendrickson Press, May 2015), by Al Erisman.
Erisman is the Executive in Residence and the past Director for the Center for Integrity in Business at Seattle Pacific University (SPU). He teaches business ethics and business and technology subjects at SPU and also edits Ethix magazine. He has been on numerous boards for science and technology including projects for the National Academy. He is also a board member for several startup companies. He has a passion for issues related to faith and work and serves on the board of advisors for Theology of Work Project and KIROS, a Christians in Business organization in the Seattle area.