This article is part of a symposium, Spiritual Disciplines for Work, with the Catholic, Evangelical and Faith and Work Channels.
Guest Contributor: Randy Kilgore
Wise Christians turn to the Bible to discover how God wants His Creation tended. Many of us use devotional books as a part of our daily Bible study. What a joy it is to read what Oswald Chambers and others have to say about a Scripture passage. But don’t make the mistake of considering this as adequate for your spiritual journey. We should never rely merely on someone else’s opinion of what the Bible says; we should study and discover Scripture for ourselves. But not everybody finds it easy to read Scripture; and many people simply don’t know where to start in trying to understand the Bible. Here are six ideas for developing a love for Bible study.
1. The Scripture as biography approach.
Research teaches us many Christians have little or no knowledge of the people in the Bible. This is a shame because each of the men and women in Scripture are included for specific reasons. Each person’s story teaches us valuable lessons, stories about real people for real people. For this approach, I suggest a Bible with a cyclopedic index, or one with a reasonably exhaustive concordance. (Both the cyclopedic index and concordances can also be found online.) The cyclopedic index is usually preferable because it lists all the key passages pertaining to the people of Scripture, but many concordances do an adequate job. Armed with this tool, select a person you want to know more about in Scripture.
For example, try looking up the passages pertaining to David. By reading all the passages listed under David’s name, you watch David grow from shepherd boy conquering Goliath to King of Israel, and you can even follow him through his failed moments. What you learn about David teaches you much about God, and much about yourself. It’s also likely to introduce you to other people you’ll want to know more about, like Samuel, Solomon and Jonathan.
Don’t know where to start? Try these names: Peter; David; John (Jesus’ disciple); James (Jesus’ brother and an early leader in the church); King Saul; Hannah (don’t miss this one!); Esther; Ruth; Noah: Cornelius; John Mark, and my personal favorites, Andrew and Barnabas. For those of you working Christians who wonder if God can use your skills, try reading about Bezalel and Oholiab.
2. Why is this person’s story here?
Pick a more obscure person in the Old or New Testament. As you read the passages related to this person, ask yourself some questions: Why do you think that person’s story is included in the Bible? What lesson(s) does it offer for you in your life? If the person you selected fails to bring anything to mind immediately, try reading about that passage, and that person, in a Bible dictionary, or a commentary.
Always remember this rule in studying Scripture: Measure the part by the whole. If one Scripture passage seems to mean something that is inconsistent with the whole of Scripture, then you’ve understood that passage wrong. For example, if you read James and believe there are verses there that suggest that salvation comes through works, then you know you’re wrong because the whole of Scripture teaches us that salvation is through grace alone.
3. The I-need-help-right-now approach.
Choose an area of Scripture to read based on the season of your life right now. For example, if you’re in the middle of great struggles, read the Psalms. Because they’ve become one-liners in so many sermons and books, many people dismiss them as mere poetry. But step back, and you’ll see how the Psalmist cries out to God in extremely honest fashion. We Christians like to play head games with ourselves, thinking one thing about the difficulties we face, but “cleaning up our act” when we sit down to pray to God, as if He couldn’t see our earlier thoughts. Psalms is rich with passages that will calm the storms of your life simply because you’ll find yourself saying “That’s exactly how I feel!!” Notice how often David says the Lord is His strength; over and over and over again. That’s likely because he was reminding himself over and over and over again in the face of struggle, something we often need to do ourselves.
If, like me, you enjoy history, then start in Chronicles or Kings. You’ll be surprised how much new information you discover about God and His people simply by reading these books. Want some ideas on how to reach out to cultures that rebel against God? Then, start reading through the Minor Prophets.
Or try this, (keeping in mind each of the Gospels offers much more than just the focuses suggested here) read the books of Luke and Acts to see Jesus as a professional (Luke was a doctor) saw him; read the book of John, the disciple “whom Jesus loved” and notice how much more vividly he seems to communicate the love of Christ, likely because of that love of Jesus for Him; read the book of Mark for an understanding of how to communicate the Gospel message in a succinct yet vivid fashion. Read the book of Matthew when you find yourself tempted to be judgmental and legalistic.
4. Training wheels approach.
Choose an easy-to-read paraphrase Bible. When I give a Bible to a seeker, I’ll often use a Life Application Bible. Many pastors use a version called The Message. While these paraphrase Bibles are not as precise as the NIV, NASV and other literal translations, they can make the Scripture accessible to Biblical novices. Even if you’re a longtime believer, you may discover you fit the category of Biblical novice. Read the paraphrase side by side with an NIV, NASV or more literal translation. Using both Bibles together will acclimate you to the more literal translations’ style, and will help you to develop an ability to understand the passages as they were meant to be read. I personally love the NIV, but you’ll discover pastors and mature Christians have strong connections to other translations, also.
5. Discovering Jesus’ strategy for dealing with people.
Jesus’ mission on Earth was to remove the barriers between us and God. With this idea in mind, select a Gospel and read it with pencil and paper handy to make notes you can refer back to later. As you read through this Gospel, each time you see Jesus in a one-on-one encounter, write down your answers to the following questions: What is the barrier Jesus is trying to eliminate between this person and God? Why is this person’s story described here? How is the barrier Jesus is confronting in this person’s life similar to one in my own life? Keep in mind you’re not focusing on what Jesus’ is doing in that person’s life (healing, rescuing, forgiving, etc.–another great study idea); stay focused on trying to identify what it is that is preventing this person from being in fellowship with God. And don’t miss the fact Jesus uses a different approach in nearly every encounter. Are you a mature Christian? Then instead of just studying the barriers, also study the ways Jesus overcame these barriers, and consider the people in your circle who may be similar. Try to incorporate Jesus’ approach to these people into your own life.
6. The Theology of Work Project’s commentary on Luke.
An exciting new resource, the Theology of Work Bible Commentary (available in print, or online for free), has opened up new focus and clarity on what Scripture says about vocation, and the place it has in our daily lives as both followers of Jesus and tenders of Creation (Genesis 1:28-30; Gen 2:15). For Christians struggling with incorporating Bible reading into their daily journeys, or struggling to understand what God wants from them in their work lives, this is an incredibly timely and useful resource.
I usually encourage people who are having trouble seeing the Bible’s relevance to their daily lives, especially their working lives, to start by reading the TOW Project’s commentary on the Gospel of Luke, and then reading Luke directly with this new information. Luke was a professional (a physician) and a Gentile who wrote his gospel with an eye towards helping non-Jewish readers understand Jesus as Messiah and Lord. Luke is often considered one of the most accessible books of the Bible for new believers, and it jumpstarts an understanding that the Bible is as useful and practical in today’s journey as it was in the early days of the Church.
Remember, God promises his Word will never return void (Isaiah 55:11); meaning every time you read the Bible, its truths are stored there for the Holy Spirit to use, if not now, then at some point in your lives.
While the Holy Spirit will not “google” what isn’t there, once you’ve read a passage, its truths are now stored in you, available from that point forward to be drawn out by the Holy Spirit for use when you need it most.
Randy Kilgore is Senior Writer and Workplace Chaplain for Desired Haven Ministries, Inc. He also contributes monthly devotions to Our Daily Bread, the flagship publication of Our Daily Bread Ministries, (formerly RBC Ministries). Randy received his M.Div. in 2000, from Gordon-Conwell Theological Seminary (including two years of study at Covenant Theological Seminary) after a twenty-plus year career in business, most of which was spent in senior human resource management positions. Randy has released six volumes of workplace Bible studies: Thirty Moments Christians Face in the Workplace, and two books: Made to Matter: Devotions for Working Christians (Discovery House Publishers: 2008); and Talking About God in the 21st Century Workplace. Randy also serves on the executive and steering committees for the Theology of Work Project.