Patheos Watermark

You are running a very outdated version of Internet Explorer. Patheos and most other websites will not display properly on this version. To better enjoy Patheos and your overall web experience, consider upgrading to the current version of Internet Explorer. Find more information HERE.


"Human-ness" (Chinese), the behavior and actions of a truly virtuous person in Confucianism. This comprises appropriateness (yi), propriety (li), wisdom (zhi), and developed human nature (renxing). Acting in this way contributes to a flourishing society.