Patheos Watermark

You are running a very outdated version of Internet Explorer. Patheos and most other websites will not display properly on this version. To better enjoy Patheos and your overall web experience, consider upgrading to the current version of Internet Explorer. Find more information HERE.


Gods and deified humans, as well as kindly spirits of the dead. Upon death, a person's soul becomes either a shen spirit (which arises into the spirit world) or a guei spirit (which remains in the grave). The offerings of living family members help the shen to ascend.