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Religion Library: Orthodox Judaism


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The rapid spread of the haskalah, or Jewish enlightenment in western Europe, followed by the Reform movement's widespread successes, generated the deeply conservative and separationist ideology that came to characterize Orthodox Judaism. Among the most significant rabbinical influences on the founders of the Orthodoxy were R. Elijah (the Gaon) of Vilna and R. Ezekiel Landau of Prague.


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