Scientology ("knowing about knowing"), a new religion founded in 1954, was based upon the evolving thought of American writer L. Ron Hubbard.
Though Dianetics and Scientology were founded by L. Ron Hubbard, he acknowledged drawing on the speculations and observations of many earlier thinkers.
The founder of Scientology was 20th-century author and former U.S. Naval officer L. Ron Hubbard, who spent much of his early adult life considering the human predicament and its remedy.
The written and spoken words of L. Ron Hubbard on the subject of Scientology collectively constitute the scripture of the religion. He detailed the Scientology theology and technologies in millions of words, scores of films, and more than 3,000 recorded lectures.
Scholars are just beginning the task of understanding Scientology, and the academic community is developing a body of work on its religious nature and place in society and culture.