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Rituals and Worship

Sacred Time

Sunni rituals are characterized by the sense of entering into an alternate state, a time out of time. These rituals both span the hours of each day and also include momentous occasions or festivals distributed throughout the calendar year.

Sacred Space

In addition to the Hajj, performed by all denominations of Muslims, other pilgrimages to the shrines of holy men and women have played a prominent role in the cultural history of the Sunni world.

Rites and Ceremonies

Sunnis do not consider life events such as birth or marriage to be sacraments or religious rites. Instead, everyday activities are imbued with a sense of ceremony based on the traditions of Muhammad.

Worship and Devotion in Daily Life

By incorporating supplications and the sunna into both formal and informal activities, Sunnis interweave religious devotion with even the most apparently mundane activities and exchanges.


A general prohibition against figural representation in Islamic art and architecture has led to elaborate systems of symbolic representations in Islamic culture.