There was a difference between a fortress town like Bayburt and a town like say Philippi, a Roman colony city. In Philippi Roman law and order and Roman governance was imposed from the top down, and Latin was the language of jurisprudence. In Bayburt by contrast instead of having mustered out and retired soldiers living and running the town, you had a garrison of active soldiers hovering over the town. It is a nice question trying to figure out which would be more intimidating. Before we wax too eloquent about Roman engineering and Roman roads and Roman aqueducts and Roman law, we do well to remember that all of these were used as the tools to build and protect an Empire chiefly designed to benefit the elites in Rome itself, and especially the Emperor. In a top down world, Christianity entered the scene and turned things topsy turvy preaching out the least, last, and lost could become the first most and found. The Roman Kingdom has come and gone, but its ruins live on and are all over the Mediterranean crescent for all to see. But the Kingdom of God is alive and well and still coming here, and there, and all over the place, even in unexpected places like Bayburt.