Why Context Matters to Biblical Interpretation

N.B. The city Caesarea Philippi, during Jesus’ day was indeed outside of Galilee and outside the territory of Herod Antipas. It was part of the tiny territory which was ruled by Herod Philip, hence the name Caesarea Philippi. It was not a part of what can be called the Holy Land during Jesus’ day. Rather it had been pagan territory for a long time, and in fact the previous name of the city was Banyas or Panyas, the city of Pan. There was even an emperor cult temple there honoring Augustus, right next to the cave of Pan.

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