Music Matters: David Bowie, Still Not Quite an Atheist

Each Tuesday in Music Matters, Matthew Linder explores the intersections of music, culture and faith.

“All clichés are true. The years really do speed by. Life really is as short as they tell you it is. And there really is a God–so do I buy that one? If all the other clichés are true…” David Bowie

Last week, Jimi Hendrix reigned in the number two spot on the Billboard 200 and this week that position is filled by David Bowie’s new album The Next Day. It is only fitting that one of Bowie’s songs on the new album (“The Stars (Are Out Tonight)”) contains the line,”Stars are never sleeping/ Dead ones and the living,” in light of this surprising takeover of the charts by two classic rockers, one dead and one living. Unlike Hendrix who saw his music as religion, Bowie has explored a pantheon of religious beliefs as he noted in a 2004 Ellen interview: “I was young, fancy free and Tibetan Buddhism appealed to me at that time. I thought, ‘There’s salvation.’ It didn’t really work. Then I went through Nietzsche, Satanism, Christianity… pottery, and ended up singing. It’s been a long road.”

In his darkest cocaine fueled days he turned towards Christianity and wrote “Station to Station” as his contemplation of the stations of the cross. In a February 1997 Q Magazine interview Bowie stated, “The ‘Station to Station’ track itself is very much concerned with the stations of the cross… I’ve never read a review that really sussed it. It’s an extremely dark album. Miserable time to live through, I must say.”

His foray into Christianity didn’t stick and ever since he has been tottering between belief and disbelief. When Bowie’s previous album Reality came out in 2003 he gave an interview to Beliefnet where he explained his current spiritual state:

I honestly believe that my initial questions haven’t changed at all. There are far fewer of them these days, but they’re really important. Questioning my spiritual life has always been germane to what I was writing. Always. It’s because I’m not quite an atheist and it worries me. There’s that little bit that holds on: Well, I’m almost an atheist. Give me a couple of months...

That’s the shock: All clichés are true. The years really do speed by. Life really is as short as they tell you it is. And there really is a God–so do I buy that one? If all the other clichés are true… Hell, don’t pose me that one.

On The Next Day, Bowie vacillates between these two modes of thought, a world with God and a world without. Questions on the existence of a higher being are further heightened by death and a hope that life does matter in the grand scheme of the universe. We get self-referential Bowie, looking back at his musical past to navigate the present minus his many personas. The lead single “Where Are We Now?” typifies Bowie’s reflective tone with many references to his Berlin years (where Heroes was written and recorded) which becomes more apparent in the accompanying music video.

Twenty thousand people
Cross Bose Brucke
Fingers are crossed
Just in case
Walking the dead

Where are we now?
Where are we now?
The moment you know
You know, you know

The song recognizes that all are heading towards death, questions “Where are we now?” in that process but ends with hope of something more:

As long as there’s sun
As long as there’s sun
As long as there’s rain
As long as there’s rain
As long as there’s fire
As long as there’s fire
As long as there’s me
As long as there’s you

Bowie explores that question throughout the album as he gauges his spirituality. Title track “The Next Day” full of dissonant guitar bends and Bowie’s vocals somewhere between speech and singing, sees himself near a gruesome death while attacking the hypocrisy of  religious figures and revealing their true god, namely Satan:

Here I am, not quite dying
My body left to rot in a hollow tree
Its branches throwing shadows on the gallows for me
And the next day,
And the next,
And another day…

They live upon their feet and they die upon their knees
They can work with Satan while they dress like the saints
They know god exists for the devil told them so
They scream my name aloud down into the well below

“I’d Rather Be High” finds Bowie washing his hands of the affairs of this world, even his own death, and finding solace in being high instead. The blues-inspired track moves into that classic 70′s Bowie sound in the chorus with layered vocal harmonies.

I stumble to the graveyard and I lay down by my parents,
Whisper “Just remember duckies
Everybody gets got”

I’d rather be high
I’d rather be flying
I’d rather be dead or out of my head
Than training these guns of those men in the sand

Again Bowie returns to the theme of death in “You Feel So Lonely You Could Die” and this time he explores suicide as he explains flippantly, “Oh, see if I care/ Oh, please, please make it soon.” Though these lines are set against an over-dramatized ballad similar to Meatloaf’s grand rock opera sound, so one wonders how sincere Bowie is in this sentiment.

I can see you as a corpse hanging from a beam
I could read you like a book
I can feel you falling
I hear you moaning in your room
Oh, see if I care
Oh, please, please make it soon

Walls have got you cornered
You’ve got the blues, my friend
And people don’t like you
But you will leave without a sound, without an end
Hopefully it’ll shine on you
Death alone shall love you
I hope you feel so lonely you could die
Feel so lonely you could die
You feel so lonely you could die

After a minute of silence “If You Can See Me” appears ex nihlo with Bowie’s harshest words for religion taking on a militant role, even more extreme than the approach pioneered by Richard Dawkins or Christopher Hitchens.

Children swarm like thousands of bugs
Towards the lights the beacons above the hill
The stars to the West, the South, the North and to the East…

I have seen these bairns wave their fists at God
Swear to destroy the beasts, stamping the ground
In their excitement for tomorrow…

I will slaughter your kind who descend from belief
I am the spirit of greed, a lord of theft
I’ll burn all your books and the problems they make

Then finally, the feedback and synthesizer driven “How Does The Grass Grow?” resurrects Bowie’s 80′s sound with playful whining “ya’s”. Bowie finding no other option, stuck in the neutral zone between religion and irreligion, here reduces life’s meaning to breathing another day:

I gaze in defeat
At the stars in the night
The light in my life burnt away
There will be no tomorrow
Then you sigh in your sleep
And meaning returns with the day

And this is where more and more people reside in a culture where the “nones” are rising, avoiding religion altogether or making their own amalgamation of several. Meaning, though, is not merely confided to breathing and living another day but found in the God who breathed life into man (Gen. 2:7). As Bowie enters the last years of his life, I pray he will be able to come back from the edge of disbelief, returning to the cross which comforted him through a dark and tumultuous period. Then on the last day, as one of the dead in Christ, God will breathe on him (and all believers, see Ezekiel 37) giving Bowie meaning for more than one day but all of eternity.

About Matthew Linder

Matthew Linder is a music professor at National University, married and father of a 2-year-old daughter. He loves Jesus, the Church, biblical theology, and of course, music but despises ketchup. While he appreciates a wide variety of musical styles, he prefers hip-hop, metal, and classical but could live without 90s Christian music. Follow Matthew on Twitter @TheRetuned.

  • Leslie Lynn

    I cannot believe this rubbish. Trying to pigenhole Bowie is … such a religious thing to do. Put him in a box and judge him. Anyway, God won’t want Bowie in heaven since eventually, given an eternity, Bowie will have more fans than god.

  • David Silling

    David Bowie is the reason I could never be an atheist… he’s living proof that there is a God to believe in, out there, somewhere…!

  • Jim

    uch well..we all have different takes on things..whether Mr.B. believes in a superpower or not..surely that is his own private business.
    but in this time where he is very much in the public eye..it’s easy to jump on his publicity bandwagon.

  • Pingback: Music Matters: David Bowie, Still Not Quite an Atheist | Matthew Linder

  • MichSens

    I am just doubting that the statements about religion on The Next Day reflect Bowie’s own, personal perspective towards it. It would be rather depressing if a “person” like for example the one who speaks in “If You Can See Me” would be him. “Heat”, he said to Tony Visconti, was not about him either. As always, a Bowie album poses more questions than it delivers answers. I have been always “worried” about his relationship with religion…. and anyway, I agree to @David Silling’s comment above!

  • rAndomlight

    It’s an inquiry that is constant. Some just see to swallow faith,’hook,line and sinker! Sometimes we just want all the answers NOW! The obvious (and biggest “stumbling block”) is ‘if there is a God then why all this pain and suffering? Maybe faith is blind? I just feel that when it comes to Bowie,I don’t want him “preaching” down at me,telling me this is the way. As admirer of his vast out-put of material,and someone who writes and plays.he never ceases to amaze me! And hey,guys wanna be him,gals wanna hump him (some guys too). Stars Are Out Tonight seems to be about the isolation of fame,and a smite on the emptiness of a wanna be culture. WARNING! Be careful what you dream of. It may just happen.


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