A record low 41 percent of Americans call themselves ‘pro choice’ on abortion, with the number sliding among independent voters, a key political group, a Gallup poll released on Wednesday showed.
The results of the May poll come as abortion and contraception supporters have come under increasing pressure in Congress and across the United States.
“Pro choice” is a label for people who favor the right of women to choose whether to bring a pregnancy to term. “Pro life” is a label for those who back legal protection for human fetuses, including outlawing abortion.
The pro choice figure in the May poll is 1 percentage point below the previous low of 42 percent in May 2009. It is down from 47 percent in July 2011, Gallup said in a statement.
Fifty percent of those surveyed described themselves as ‘pro life.’ That is 1 percentage point short of the record high, also in May 2009, it said.
“It remains to be seen whether the pro-life spike found this month proves temporary, as it did in 2009, or is sustained for some period,” Gallup said.
Among political groups, the percentage of independents identifying themselves as pro choice is at 41 percent, 10 points lower than in May 2011. The pro-life percentage is up by 6 points.
“As a result, pro-lifers now outnumber pro-choicers among this important swing political group for only the second time since 2001, with the first occurring in 2009,” Gallup said.
But even as fewer Americans call themselves pro choice, they are unchanged on when abortion should be legal. Fifty-two percent say abortion should be legal under certain circumstances, about the same as a year ago.