- Exclusive about uniqueness of Christ, not about denying salvation to non-Christian.
- Inclusive about refusing to limit salvation to members of Christian church, not about viewing other world religions as a vehicle of salvation.
- Pluralist in acknowledging God’s grace at work in all human persons, not about denying the uniqueness of what God has done in Christ.
Though far from the last word on exclusivity I think Newbigin’s thoughts were quite helpful. In my ministry context there are few questions which are more volatile than this, yet it seems to come up with alarming regularity. Affirming ways in which we can still call Christ the “only way” and yet leaving room for the sovereignty of God in the situation seems helpful. I think the simple introduction of a new question – How shall God be glorified? – will dramatically change my future encounters with questions of exclusivity.
 Lesslie Newbigin. The Gospel in a Pluralist Society, Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1989. p. 14-21.  Ibid. p. 65.
 Ibid. p. 83.
 Ibid. p. 118.
 Ibid. p. 127.
 Ibid. p. 136.
 Ibid. p. 170. Interestingly Newbigin says that if strictly exclusivist claims are correct, then it would require that Christians convert the world by any means necessary which would include violence and practices such as brainwashing.
 Ibid. p. 177-179.
 Ibid. p. 179.
 Ibid. p. 182-183.
 Ibid. p. x.