A Christian. An Atheist. Two Friends on God and Government (Round 13)

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​Adam:Thanks for your reply.I'm looking forward to our double-header in Indianapolis! I'll apologize in advance for the length of my reply, but I wanted to make sure I adequately replied to your questions, as well as pose some of my own.On morality, I'll just briefly clarify in response to your questions. On revelation, I don't think either of us needed the story of Moses to discern moral truth. Surely, one can be "good without God". My moral realism, in the tradition of Aquinas and A … [Read more...]

Book Review: God and Philosophy

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A masterpiece and must-read for those with an interest in the philosophical concept of God through the Ages. Etienne Gilson shines in this timeless classic and highlights his contribution as a historian of philosophy and prominence among the Thomistic elite. The intellectual depth and clarity embedded in this slim text of 144 pages is profound. It’s divided into four sections: God and Greek Philosophy, God and Christian Philosophy, God and Modern Philosophy, God and Contemporary Thought.The G … [Read more...]

A Christian. An Atheist. Two Friends on God and Government (Round 12)

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Adam:Thanks for your reply.I think you put forward some great points for discussion. To answer your question, in the Aristotelian-Thomistic view, God is not a moral epiphenomenon. Actually, epiphenomenalism would be the furthest thing from Thomistic realism which demands mind-independent ontology and reasoning towards universals from particulars (a posteriori). Morality, or goodness, is not an impotent mental state but a very real property that is apparent through being. God is Being and … [Read more...]

Etienne Gilson on Metaphysics, Being, and Faith

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A gem from Etienne Gilson, an amazing historian of philosophy with an existential Thomistic flair. For Gilson, knowledge of God is not an a priori conception such as the ontological argument, but revealed a posteriori in existence (concealed, yet revealed). In his words, "a most deeply hidden God, 'He who is' is also a most obvious God. By revealing to metaphysicians that they cannot account for their own existence, all things point to the fact that there is such a supreme cause wherein essence … [Read more...]

A Christian. An Atheist. Two Friends. On God and Government (Round 11)

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​Adam-Thanks for your reply.Let's definitely transition to government! I thought the spirit of the Obama quote would be a nice segue. We agree that an equal and free society, legislating from universal principles, is the only way true democracy (by definition) can proceed. Perhaps better stated: "We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable Rights, that among these are Life, Liberty and the p … [Read more...]

Popper on Ontology, Epistemology, and Ethical Truth

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Another great one from one of my favorite philosophers, Karl Popper, a self-proclaimed "critical rationalist": "It is important to realize that science does not make assertions about ultimate questions - about the riddles of existence, or about man's task in the world. This has often been well understood. But some great scientists, and many lesser ones, have misunderstood the situation. The fact that science cannot make any pronouncement about ethical principles has been misinterpreted as … [Read more...]


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