5 Church-Types to Probably Avoid

For the past several years I’ve been wrestling with my vision of church. Often, pessimism wins out. And, although I still believe that the church is the hope of the world – when it is in Christ – I still struggle to see the beauty of the kingdom throughout the greater church at times.

I need to be careful here, because the temptation would be to act as though my church has it all figured out. In other words, it would be easy to talk up how “we are finally doing it the way Jesus wanted it done,” when in fact all churches are flawed all churches need additional grace.

Yet, because we have not entered the new age of the kingdom when Christ comes back to sit on the throne as king for all eternity [wow, that felt intense to read], it makes sense to discern which sort of community is best going to create space for people who are passionate about bringing the reality of God to their neighborhoods and world.

These days, although I am more interested in reconstruction than deconstruction, I find myself wanting to say a few things about the sorts of churches I personally would avoid (if I were searching for a new faith community). It is also important to know that I in no way promote the idea of “church hopping.” I think this reflects the unfortunate values of individualism in so many Christians today. It’s essential for followers of Jesus to in fact commit somewhere and invest their lives into something bigger than themselves.

With all of those caveats aside, I want to share 5 different sorts of churches that I personally would avoid if I were moving to a new city and were not a pastor of a church.

1) A church in which “Truth” is the most common word in the vocabulary. 

When a church focuses on “Truth” with a capital T, it gives us a hint about their priorities. Such communities run the risk of prioritizing what they perceive as “right teaching” over “right practice.” One problem with the Truth Thumper approach is that often the truth they are defending is in fact a culturally conditioned set of beliefs (many of which are disputable if not outright proven wrong by prudent scholarship). I’m certainly not saying that knowing the truth doesn’t matter, but I’ve become convinced that Truth is a person – Jesus the Messiah – and not a set of propositions.

Convictions matter – but most of what we believe ought to be held with an open hand – trusting that God can in fact lead us into something deeper than truth: a relational connection with the Divine. Everything we say about God is always insufficient as our words are incapable of fully capturing the truth. Truth (Jesus) transcends our capacity for knowing and yet chooses to elusively meet us through the Spirit.

Interestingly, most churches that thump the “truth” usually have two underlying assumptions: objectivity and literalism. This combination yields a posture within culture that often appears combative as a defensive move against perceived persecution. Defending the Mosaic authorship of the Pentateuch, the young age of the earth, the impending end times, and other common conservative/fundamentalist perspectives become the “main thing.” Churches do well when they create space for ambiguity, mystery, and innovative scholarship (as opposed to old school evidential apologetics). A church touting “truth” is a church that runs the risk of christening their perception of truth as being true as the Gospel itself.

2) A church that is driven by a strong personality… and nothing else.

These sorts of churches have a great show. The “bells and whistle” are the main thing, reinforced by the personality of the main speaker. Although many focused programs might exist to complement the “show,” the reality often is that these all aim to get people in the building. The bigger the personality on the stage, the more butts will fill the seats.

I’m not saying that churches with leaders who have strong personalities are all bad. A strong teaching pastor(s) can be a great gift to a church, for instance. When this situation goes wrong is when the “event” becomes more important than justice, community, and peacemaking. Many churches that fell into the personality trap have actually refocused around serving in the community and growing in Christ. When this happens, we should affirm such churches.

3) A church that feels more like a social action club and less like a committed worshiping community of Jesus followers.

I’ve been to some churches that feel like they are a club for doing great things in the world. They serve the poor, they include everyone, and they worship the goodness of the human spirit. Wait… the human spirit or the Holy Spirit? Therein lies the dilemma.

Worship and action go together, a partnership which often yields deeper outcomes. This is the fruit of the Spirit that Paul talks about in Galatians. Paul argues that as we come to a place of worship and communion with the resurrected Christ that the natural outcome will be fruit – or good works. In this way, as our character is formed internally (mysteriously by God) our external actions start to look more like Christ.

When worship/discipleship is divorced from social action – the temptation is individualism. When social action is divorced from worship/discipleship – the temptation is to center our lives on what we do and not who we are in Christ. A church that invites folks to become certain types of people (those formed into Christlikeness) is a church that will have incredible social action.

4) A church that speaks of the “end times” in almost every worship service.

These churches often drive themselves on fear and priveledge. Fear in that we all must behave a certain way so not to be “left behind” (etc.). Privilege in that we assume that we are the fulfillment of God’s eschatological plans and that the rest of the world will go to hell. Of course, these assumptions are dependent on fundamentalist modes of reading the Scriptures (which, by the way, in light of history are themselves quite “innovative”). In this setting, you will hear words such as: “Magog,” “Armageddon,” “false prophet,” “666,” “Obama” (did I just say that? yep!), “AntiChrist,” “Tribulation,” and “millennium.” The hope of the Christian life in this schema is eventual eternal bliss in a place called heaven rather than the bringing of heaven to earth. The problem is, friends, that when Christ comes back, it will be Good News not tribulation. [On a related note, check out these posts on Revelation if you are interested].

I’m not going to get into too much more detail, but if you walk into a church and the pastor pulls out a complex timetable with a bunch of cryptic images and events: run, run, run!

5) A church where the flag is prominently placed in a central location in the sanctuary and where on the Fourth of July they often sing “God bless America.”

So many American churches have fallen into the trap of believing that the United States is unique in God’s plan. America then becomes something that originally was “Christian” and can once again become “Christian” if only we will turn it back around for God. Regular references to conservative politics, muslims, and supporting our troops cultivates a vision of the Kingdom that often fails to truly love our global neighbors. Whether it be the glorification of unregulated markets, low taxation, tougher immigration policies, or the need to kill terrorists, these congregations literally see the American flag as (basically) a Christian symbol.

I once was on staff at a church that increasingly exemplified all of these things, so I’m not pulling these examples out of thin air. As followers of Jesus, we are invited into a Kingdom that transcends borders – not one that reinforces them. I personally would run away from any church that does the flag salute or sings “God bless America” near July 4th. This isn’t because we are “anti-America” but that we don’t glorify our country as exemplifying God’s dream for humanity.

Bonus) A church that talks more about the necessity of a submissive woman than looking at modeling our lives after the submissive Christ.

I’d love to hear from you – Which types of churches didn’t make my list that you try to avoid? Also, which sorts of churches bring you hope? Of course, please be kind in your description of such places. 

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  • Bobby

    One that emphasizes a preferred Bible Translation (KJV only especially). That one stance has a lot of other baggage tied to it.

  • Matthew JamesAloysius Weatherb

    While I’m not a “church hopper” (or not at least how you put it) I wanted to add that your disclaimer in the fourth paragraph seemed to come off as one-sided. Are there folks who float around never committing to one church or another? Absolutely! Is it due to individualism? Perhaps, but perhaps the shoe is on the other foot. My wife and I have recently been floating around and not because we get our kicks like that, but because we have found it difficult to locate a church family near to us that values what we value (or at least values people with other values). We did have a church, but we got caught on the wrong side of capital T truth and the cult of personality– that put that capital T in the truth in the first place.

    New England is not known as a bastion for either quasi-post,or post-evangelical thinking, or openness to difference, at least not within its evangelical circles and since we came to faith within evangelicalism, we still identify with it to a great extent. Christians who float around churches in New England are not necessarily those who embrace (some vulgar form of) individualism; actually, I’ve seen that sometimes it’s churches themselves that often hold to the main tenets that mark individualism. What I mean is that the evangelical church itself (or like-minded churches) are seen as the individual per se within a much larger global context. These churches (feel the very real need to) defend their autonomy, and what’s more, they have very focused world-views that often go so far as to demonize anyone seen as an Other. It’s no wonder that individualism is alive and well within Evangelical churches as evangelicalism focuses heavily on the salvation of the individual, which sadly seems to have often left no room for considering the larger community that God is building into a spiritual house. Your numbers one, two and three seem very much connected to evangelicalism’s love affair with individualism: the cult of personality values the superstar who has transcended mere laity (and if you’re a Charismatic evangelical and you read/pray/work hard enough maybe one day you too can transcend the mere flock); the preaching of capital T truth is also concerned with an individualistic reading of scripture that is outside of any Gadamerean hermeneutical circle; and the end times message is usually couched in the us v them narrative, where the “us” is a “remnant” read: the true church as opposed to a more, dare I say, “inclusive” global church. None of this is really news, I mean the early Puritans were practicing their own forms of individualism all the way back into the 16th century. While it seems counter-intuitive to view churches that refuse to consider perspectives that are viewed as outside the orthodox as individualistic, looking at these churches as singular entities that value autonomy, freedom, and their own self-realization over and above the larger community is certainly food for thought. I know that your church experience is not my church experience, and so I wanted to add my own perspective/thoughts as a way to complicate what I read as a fairly straight-forward statement. Otherwise, nice article!

  • JohnnyMac60

    so bascially every church in the midwest and south. Duely noted.

  • Dan Carollo

    Any church that has a timer counter on their web-site that says “Next Online Experience in 40:30:12″

  • http://www.KennethEHines.com Kenneth E. Hines

    #6. Any church that has a stage.


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