Jesus says to the people of Capernaum, “I tell you that it will be more tolerable for Sodom on the day of judgment than for you.” (Matthew 11:24) Jesus puts today’s political correctness on the horns of a dilemma. He makes Sodom look good, but only at the expense of those who refuse to bow the knee to Christ. (Make no mistake: Jesus is not trying to make Sodom look good.)
Jesus is politically incorrect here, either way we slice it: Sodom is bad, rejecting Christ is worse. Jesus says it will be more tolerable for Sodom than for a town who had seen and heard him with their own eyes and ears but who did not believe. Jesus argues that Sodom and other pagan cities would have been on their knees in an instant if Jesus had come to town.
So how bad was Sodom? Forget the claims based on Ezekiel 16:49 that Sodom’s sin was merely pride, excess of food and pleasure, and neglect for the poor and needy. Verse 50 goes on to say that the people of Sodom had done “abominable deeds.” Sodom’s faults in verse 49 bear no resemblance to the rest of what the Hebrew Bible calls “abomination,” including fraudulent weights and measures (Deuteronomy 25:16; Proverbs 20:10), idolatry (Deuteronomy 7:25, also 27:15), burning one’s children in sacrifice (Deuteronomy 12:31, also 18:10), offering blemished sacrifices to God (Deuteronomy 17:1), witchcraft (Deuteronomy 18:10–11), the wages of a female or male prostitute (Deuteronomy 23:19), and officials who justify the wicked or condemn the righteous (Proverbs 17:15).
But the demands made by the mob in Genesis 19 go far beyond any sort of affectionate, mutual same-sex behavior. Middle Bronze Age Sodom makes any modern gay community look Puritan by comparison: lawless roving gangs of sexual predators, demanding not merely tolerance but submission, threatening violence against anyone who gets in their way.
Because of such a context of mob violence, the sinfulness of same-gender sex cannot be proved by this passage, although the main character in the account treats heterosexual assault as being the lesser of the two evil options. The morality of same-sex intercourse must be directly addressed by other scriptures (see http://www.patheos.com/blogs/tomhobson/2017/09/gods-sex-mandate-two-shall-become-one-flesh/).
Abraham’s nephew Lot moves to Sodom literally because of greener pastures. Sodom was an oasis, “well-watered everywhere like the garden of the Lord.” It was prime agricultural land, plus it had all the attractions of a city. Lot pitches his tent near Sodom. Before you know it, he’s moved into town. It wasn’t easy at first. Peter writes that Lot was “tormented in his righteous soul by the lawless deeds he saw and heard.” But Lot gradually accepts what he sees as normal. Lot gets along with his neighbors, however, only by keeping his mouth shut.
Lot’s wake-up call came the night he takes in two angelic visitors as his guests. All the men of Sodom surround his house and demand him to hand over his two guests. Just when he thought he had become shockproof, Lot can’t believe what this crowd is now demanding. Lot is so horrified that he offers to give up his two virgin daughters to the mob instead. Lot’s move to Sodom is a move he wishes he’d never made.
See what bitter resentment Lot provokes just by speaking up against the sin of his neighbors. See how they now threaten him with violence for being so intolerant and “judge”-mental!
When people are this angry at God, we need to ask the question: Why? What have I done, what have we done, to contribute to their anger at God? In the case of those who are attracted to their own gender, it’s not hard to find the answer: think of all the pain and rejection these folks have been subjected to over the centuries. We have been so determined to reject same-sex behavior that we have failed to truly love the people involved.
The Good News is that Jesus Christ can set people free from the bondage of same-sex desire, the same as for any other type of bondage. Some testify to a complete redirection of their desires. But not everybody does. Others find themselves able to choose celibacy as a lifestyle which they believe to be preferable to same-sex involvement. (Visit http://outpostministries.org/ or http://www.oneby1.org/.) God’s people can help the gay person in his or her journey by giving them all the NON-sexual love we can give from their own gender.
Abraham has no desire to see the people of Sodom suffer God’s judgment. In Genesis 18, we see him urgently bargaining with God, like a peddler on the street who won’t take no for an answer. Abraham bargains boldly, although he admits he has no right to ask what he asks, and God has no obligation to give him what he asks. As out-of-control as Sodom was, Abraham pleads for mercy on the city.
Judgment comes to Sodom swiftly and without warning. Fire from heaven out of a clear blue sky appears to have set off a huge natural gas explosion. Even today, the air about 100 feet above the Dead Sea still smells like an oil refinery. Locals say if a bird tries to fly across the Dead Sea, it will never reach the other side – it will be overcome by toxic fumes.
When Abraham looks out the next day into the valley toward Sodom, the fertile fields have become a flaming furnace. Acrid black smoke billows into the sky for miles. Paul’s command to flee from sexual sin takes on a whole new meaning in this scene, where to avoid being swallowed up, every second counts. Today, we need to flee from sexual sin in any of its forms, to avoid being destroyed by it, to avoid being overcome by its toxic attraction, like what happened to Lot’s wife.
While archaeologists have been puzzled as to where to find Sodom, a document from Ebla names it as a real place in the area of the Dead Sea. Although the area is desert today, it appears to have been irrigated, due to the abundant evidence of crops at Bab edh-Dhra, the leading candidate for the site (see Bryant Wood, http://www.biblearchaeology.org/post/2008/04/The-Discovery-of-the-Sin-Cities-of-Sodom-and-Gomorrah.aspx#Article). The other possible site of Sodom is Tel el-Hammam, almost due east of Jericho (http://popular-archaeology.com/issue/fall-2015/article/possible-site-of-ancient-sodom-yields-more-finds).
Jesus puts Sodom’s sin into perspective. As bad as Sodom was by anyone’s measure, whatever you think of same-sex behavior, Jesus says it will be more tolerable for Sodom than for those who saw and heard him but did not believe.