Sufferings, Trials and Hope

Sufferings, Trials and Hope October 19, 2020

Our Personal History is also surrounded by actual history.

These are the Sufferings and Trials that make up our Cross our Savior calls us to carry. If there is one thing guaranteed in life, it is is that it is not fair and you will suffer. The only way out of life and into eternal life is by suffering.

These are also the cultural changes that make up our way of life, with a  lot of these changes that are not so good. BUT  some of these changes are good with some signs of hope in the midst of evil and chaos.

In my 50 Years and 100 Posts, I mentioned some of them scattered throughout our 50 year life.

Here I isolate them for you to take a closer look at as some of these facts might have gotten lost in that rather big document.

I  also decided to add stuff I didn’t mention in those other posts and also that took place beyond those posts. I added   20 years to round out the century spanning the years from 1900 – 2020. With a few years beyond.

There are more events I could have added, this is not a comprehensive and definitive list but just a record of some of the key moments that that have stood out in history that I and others have noticed and that have made a impact on the lives of many.  Some sections have more information then others. Some topics have a lot more earlier dates then others. This is meant to be a reference post as opposed to reflection post. As I go about my day I discover ever more exciting and interesting things so this is a list that can be perpetually updated. You can copy this post and add your own information you think would fit here. As I said, I didn’t think of everything.

I did try to check sources as best as possible and I do find Wikipedia to be a pretty good reference for things.

In another post I take a more positive approach to looking at life in Accomplishments and Discoveries.

But for now, here is a look at some sad and painful events in recent human history.

So here it is…

Assassinations

September 6, 1901  President McKinley’s is shot by anarchist Leon Czolgosz in Buffalo, N.Y.

February 14, 1929  The Saint Valentine’s Day Massacre was the murder of seven members and associates of Chicago’s North Side Gang.

September 10, 1935 U.S. presidential candidate Huey Long is assassinated.

January 30, 1948 – Mahatma Gandhi, Indian activist and leader of the Indian independence movement is killed by Nathuram Godse.

November 22, 1963 John F. Kennedy, President of the United States

February 21, 1965 Malcolm X, black Muslim leader

April 4, 1968 Martin Luther King, Jr., U.S. civil rights activist

June 5, 1968 Robert F. Kennedy, American politician, who served as a United States Senator for New York and leading Democratic presidential candidate in 1968.

December 8, 1980 Beetles John Lennon was shot and killed in the archway of his Manhattan apartment building by a Beatles fan, Mark David Chapman.

March 30, 1981, United States President Ronald Reagan was shot and wounded by John Hinckley Jr. in Washington, D.C. as he was returning to his limousine after a speaking engagement at the Washington Hilton Hotel. Hinckley believed the attack would impress actress Jodie Foster, with whom he had become obsessed.

May 13, 1981 The attempted assassination of Pope John Paul II took place , in St. Peter’s Square in Vatican City. The Pope was shot and wounded by Mehmet Ali Ağca while he was entering the square. The Pope was struck four times and suffered severe blood loss. Ağca was apprehended immediately and later sentenced to life in prison by an Italian court. The Pope later forgave Ağca for the assassination attempt.  He was pardoned by Italian president Carlo Azeglio Ciampi at the Pope’s request and was deported to Turkey in June 2000.

Changes in America and the World

August 15, 1907 – Ordination in Constantinople of Fr. Raphael Morgan, the first African-American Orthodox priest, “Priest-Apostolic” to America and the West Indies.

November 7, 1916 Jeannette Rankin of Montana is the first woman elected to the U.S. House of Representatives.

1917 The Russian Revolution is the collective term for the series of revolutions in Russia in 1917, which destroyed the Tsarist autocracy and led to the creation of the Soviet Union.

1919 – 18th Amendment, establishing Prohibition.

August 18, 1920- 19th Amendment gives women the right to vote.

1925 The Scopes Trial, formally known as The State of Tennessee v. John Thomas Scopes and commonly referred to as the Scopes Monkey Trial, was an American legal case in July 1925 in which a high school teacher, John T. Scopes, was accused of violating Tennessee’s Butler Act, which had made it unlawful to teach human evolution in any state-funded school.

 On March 31, 1930 The Motion Picture Production Code (“Hays Code”) is instituted in the United States, imposing strict guidelines on the treatment of sex, crime, religion and violence in films for the next 40 years.

January 12, 1932 Hattie Wyatt Caraway of Arkansas is the first woman elected to the U.S. Senate, to fill a vacancy cause by the death of her husband. She is reelected in 1932 and 1938.

March 9 – June 16, 1933  New Deal recovery measures are enacted by Congress.

December 5, 1934  Twenty-First Amendment to the Constitution is ratified, repealing Prohibition.

June 25, 1938 Fair Labor Standards Act is passed, setting the first minimum wage in the U.S. at 25 cents per hour.

August 15, 1945 Victory over Japan Day, the Japanese surrender and the end of WWII is announced in Japan (due to time zones 14th Aug in the Americas)

October 24, 1945 United Nations is established.

August 15, 1948  Republic of Korea (South Korea) proclaimed (National Day)

May 17, 1954 The U.S. Supreme Court issued its historic Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, Kansas, 347 U.S. 483, . Tied to the 14th Amendment, the decision declared all laws establishing segregated schools to be unconstitutional, and it called for the desegregation of all schools throughout the nation.

1954 -1968 Civil Rights Movement

1957 The Little Rock Nine was a group of nine African American students enrolled in Little Rock Central High School . Their enrollment was followed by the Little Rock Crisis, in which the students were initially prevented from entering the racially segregated school by Orval Faubus, the Governor of Arkansas. They then attended after the intervention of President Dwight D. Eisenhower.

January 8, 1959 – In his first State of the Union Address, U.S. President Lyndon Johnson declares a “War on Poverty”.

January 20, 1959– Meet the Beatles!, the first Beatles album from Capitol Records in the United States, is released ten days after Chicago’s Vee-Jay Records releases Introducing… The Beatles. The two record companies battle it out in court for months, eventually coming to a conclusion.

January 23, 1959– Pope Paul VI institutes the World Day of Prayer for Vocations. During this celebration the Pope reminds the universal Church that still today salvation comes to everyone. It continues to be celebrated every Fourth Sunday of Easter (also known as Good Shepherd Sunday).

September 11, 1959 – In Jacksonville, Florida, John Lennon announces that the Beatles will not play to a segregated audience.

August 13, 1961 The Berlin Wall goes up.

August 15, 1963 – Execution of Henry John Burnett, the last man to be hanged in Scotland.

1964 – Johnson pressed for civil rights legislation. Civil Rights Act of 1964 signed into law by President Lyndon B. Johnson. This landmark piece of legislation in the United States outlawed racial segregation in schools, public places, and employment. The first black riots erupt in major cities.

July 1, 1971  Gives the right for 18 year old’s to vote.

January 22, 1973 – The biggest social issue for Catholics comes into being with the legalization of abortion in America with the supreme court decision  Roe v. Wade. By the way  there was a majority of Republican supporters  of this decision. Not Democrats, although now it seems to have been reversed.

October 14, 1987, Jessica McClure Morales (born March 26, 1986; widely known as “Baby Jessica” in 1987  fell into a well in her aunt’s backyard in Midland, Texas, on at the age of 18 months.Over the next 56 hours, rescuers worked to successfully free her from the 8 in (20 cm) well casing, approximately 22 ft (6.7 m) below grade.  She was rescued on October 16, 1987.

November 9, 1989– The Berlin Wall starts to come down after separating Germany since 1961.

October 16, 1995 – The Million Man March is held in Washington, D.C. The event was conceived by Nation of Islam leader Louis Farrakhan.

December 31,1999 – January 1, 2000- Y2K is supposed to end the world at the beginning of the new millennium but proves to be a big disappointment.

April 22, 2000 Elián González (1993-) is a Cuban citizen who became embroiled in a heated international custody and immigration controversy in 2000 involving the governments of Cuba and the United States, his father Juan Miguel González Quintana, his other relatives in Cuba and in Miami, and Miami’s Cuban community. He was abducted by armed federal agents in miami in a pre-dawn raid, armed U.S. from the home of his Miami relatives. Elian is reunited with his father a few hours later. But it will take two months before Eilan and his father would go back to Cuba–two months of court procedures and demonstrations and counter-demonstrations in Miami.

March 31, 2005 Terri Schiavo (December 3, 1963 – March 31, 2005), dies.  The Terri Schiavo case was a right-to-die legal case in the United States from 1998 to 2005 concerning a woman in a vegativate state and whether or not they should remove her feeding tube or not. This ultimately involved state and federal politicians up to the level of President George W. Bush, caused a seven-year delay before Schiavo’s feeding tube was ultimately removed.

January 4, 2007 – Congress elects Nancy Pelosi as the first female Speaker of the House in U.S. history.

December 21, 2007 -At the age of 81 years, 244 days, Queen Elizabeth II became the oldest ever reigning British monarch, surpassing Queen Victoria who was aged 81 years, 243 days upon her death on January 22, 1901.

June 26, 2015 Same-sex marriage is made legal nationwide with Obergefell v. Hodges decision.

 

Church Scandals and Attacks 

Rev. Gilbert Gauth (1988)

In the midst of all the good that is going on in the church, Satan finds a way to disrupt that good. He strikes a blow to the body of Christ. Rev. Gilbert Gauth becomes the first priest to plead guilty to sex crimes against children and is sentenced to 20 years in prison. He only served 9 of those years. He was from the Diocese of Lafayette, La.

Hitler’s Pope (1999)

The hit piece on Pope Pius XII that he neglected helping the Jews during WWII ‘ Hitler’s Pope’, is published by British journalist and author John Cornwell.  The Myth of Hitler’s Pope (2005) is a counter argument to the claims in Cornwell’s book.

 Sex Scandal Breaks (2002)

Weeds continue to pop up trying to strangle the bride of Christ.  The Boston Globe  breaks the gory details of the Child Sex Abuse Scandal. This reminds us that even with the good the church produces evil hides lurking in the shadows waiting to destroy it.

Marcial Maciel Degollado- LC  January 30, 2008

January 30, 2008- Marcial Maciel Degollado LC (March 10, 1920 – January 30, 2008) founder of the Legion of Christ and the Regnum Christi movement dies. It was revealed that he had abused many boys and young men in his care, had maintained sexual relations with at least four different women and fathered as many of six children. This is another reminder that the chaff hide amongst  the wheat.

Fr. John Corapi Scandal   (2011)

June 17, 2011- Popular priest Fr. John Corapi announces he will no longer participate in public ministry due to allegations of drug abuse and an inappropriate sexual relation. These allegations were denied. It is not known what he is doing in the present except he plans on writing and speaking at non-religious events. This goes to show that scandal can effect anybody in the church, including those that seem faithful and can articulate Catholic truth well.

McCarrick Scandal (2018)

On June 20,  2018, Cardinal Theodore Edgar McCarrick was removed from public ministry by the Holy See after a review board of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of New York found an allegation “credible and substantiated” that he had sexually abused a 16-year-old altar boy while a priest in New York.

Viagano Attacks (2018)

August 25, 2018 (Kristin’s Birthday) Cardinal Carlo Maria Viganò launches his full scale attack on Pope Francis with a 11 page letter accusing Pope Francis of doing nothing about Cardinal McCarrick’s abuse allegations. But Pope Francis continues to lead the church by examples of charity and sound Catholic teaching.

Civil Unrest of Catholic and Protestant Ireland

April 24–30 , 1916– The Easter Rising occurs in Ireland. Members of the Irish Republican Brotherhood proclaim an Irish Republic, and the Irish Volunteers and Irish Citizen Army occupy the General Post Office and other buildings in Dublin, before surrendering to the British Army.

January 30, 1972Sunday Bloody Sunday, or the Bogside Massacre, takes place in the Bogside area of Derry, Northern Ireland, when British soldiers shot 26 unarmed civilians during a protest march against internment without trial. Fourteen Catholics are shot dead. U2 latter writes a hit song about this sad event.

January 5, 1973 The Fifth Amendment of the Constitution of Ireland was signed into law, thus canceling the Catholic Churches “special position”.  It now recognizes certain other named religions instead of just the Catholics.

1976, Around 10,000 Protestant and Catholic women demonstrate for peace in Northern Ireland.

Deadly School Shootings

April 20, 1999- The Columbine High School shootings.

October 2, 2002 The Amish School shootings.

Dec. 14, 2012 – The Sandy Hook Elementary School shootings.

These last 3 events  plus the 9/11 incident are highlighted in

Disappeared 

Amelia Mary Earhart (July 24, 1897 – disappeared July 2, 1937, declared dead January 5, 1939) was an American aviation pioneer and author. Earhart was the first female aviator to fly solo across the Atlantic Ocean.  She set many other records wrote best-selling books about her flying experiences, and was instrumental in the formation of The Ninety-Nines, an organization for female pilots.

During an attempt to make a circumnavigational flight of the globe in 1937 in a Purdue-funded Lockheed Model 10-E Electra, Earhart and navigator Fred Noonan disappeared over the central Pacific Ocean near Howland Island.

Jimmy Hoffa disappeared on July 30, 1975. He is believed to have been murdered by the Mafia and was declared legally dead in 1982. Hoffa’s legacy continues to stir debate.  Jimmy was an American labor union leader who served as the president of the International Brotherhood of Teamsters (IBT) from 1957 until 1971.

Disasters 

May 1, 1900 – The Scofield Mine disaster in Scofield, Utah caused by explosion killing at least 200 men.

September 8, 1900 Galveston hurricane leaves an estimated 6,000 to 8,000 dead. According to the census, the nation’s population numbers nearly 76 million.

May 3, 1901 – The Great Fire of 1901 begins in Jacksonville, FL, USA .

December 30, 1903 – A fire at the Iroquois Theater in Chicago, USA kills 600.

5:12 a.m Wednesday, April 18 , 1906  The 1906 San Francisco earthquake struck the coast of Northern California at. on with an estimated moment magnitude of 7.9 and a maximum Mercalli intensity of XI (Extreme).

11:40 p.m April 14, 1912– RMS Titanic  hits an iceberg  on her maiden voyage and sinks 2 h 40 min later

1918 – Spanish flu pandemic begins.

October 29, 1929,-  The Great Depression started in the United States after a major fall in stock prices that began around September 4, 1929, and became worldwide news with the stock market crash of  (known as Black Tuesday). Economic depression  soon hit  worldwide. The timing of the Great Depression varied across the world; in most countries, it started in 1929 and lasted until the late 1930s.  It was the longest, deepest, and most widespread depression of the 20th century.  The Great Depression is commonly used as an example of how intensely the global economy can decline.

1930 to 1936 (in some areas until 1940)  The Dust Bowl, or Dirty Thirties: a period of severe dust storms causing major ecological and agricultural damage to American and Canadian prairie lands.

May 6, 1937 The German dirigible airship Hindenburg explodes in the sky above Lakehurst, New Jersey, United States killing  36 people. The event leads to an investigation of the explosion and the disaster causes major public distrust of the use of hydrogen-inflated airships and seriously damages the reputation of the Zeppelin company.

October 30, 1938 “The War of the Worlds” is an episode of the American radio drama anthology series The Mercury Theatre on the Air directed and narrated by actor and future filmmaker Orson Welles as an adaptation of H. G. Wells’s novel The War of the Worlds (1898). It was performed and broadcast live as a Halloween episode at 8 p.m. on Sunday,  over the Columbia Broadcasting System radio network. The episode became famous for allegedly causing panic among its listening audience, though the scale of that panic is disputed, as the program had relatively few listeners.

November 28, 1942 The Cocoanut Grove fire was the second-deadliest single-building fire in American history; only the 1903 Iroquois Theatre fire in Chicago had a higher death toll, of 602. It was only two years after the Rhythm Club fire which had killed 209.

July 18, 1970-   All 23 persons on board a Soviet plane, carrying relief supplies for victims of the May earthquake in Peru, were killed when the Antonov An-22 cargo plane crashed into the North Atlantic Ocean after its departure from Iceland. The aircraft would be the object of a multinational search, until debris were located by a Russian trawler on July 26. On July 18, 1970,

November 18, 1978  Jim Jones has his followers commit mass suicide killing 918 people.

May 18, 1980 Mount St. Helens erupts becoming the deadliest and most economically destructive volcanic event in US history.

January 28, 1986, The Space Shuttle Challenger killing 7 people including Christa McAuliffe who lives in Framingham where I currently live.

April 26, 1986 The Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant, near the city of Pripyat in the north of the Ukrainian SSR. explodes.

February 28 and April 19, 1993 The Waco siege between David Koresh , The Branch Davidians and the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, and Firearms (ATF) .  This resulted in resulted in the deaths of 76 Branch Davidians, including 25 children, two pregnant women, and David Koresh himself.

February 20, 2003, The Station nightclub fire  in West Warwick, Rhode Island, United States, killing 100 people including Great White guitarist Ty Longley and injuring 230. The fire was caused by pyrotechnics set off by the tour manager of the evening’s headlining band, Great White, which ignited flammable acoustic foam in the walls and ceilings surrounding the stage. I have a friend who lost her fiancée in that fire.

August 2005 Hurricane Katrina was a large Category 5 Atlantic hurricane which caused over 1,800 deaths and $125 billion in damage in  particularly in the city of New Orleans and the surrounding areas.

April 20, 2010: An explosion on the Deepwater Horizon drilling rig in the Gulf of Mexico causes the biggest marine oil spill in history.
It was later turned into a movie ‘Deepwater Horizon” (2016).  It started Mark Wahlberg, a man very open about his Catholic faith.

October 13, 2010: 33 miners are rescued after spending 69 days trapped in a Chilean copper mine. It is later turned into a movie called ‘The 33” (2015) It stared Antonio Banderas.

The Evil of Humanity

August 8, 1925– The Ku Klux Klan, the largest fraternal organization in the United States, demonstrates its popularity by holding a parade with an estimated 30,000-35,000 marchers in Washington DC

Lindbergh Baby Abduction On March 1, 1932, Charles Augustus Lindbergh Jr., 20-month-old son of aviators Charles Lindbergh and Anne Morrow Lindbergh, was abducted from the crib in the upper floor of his home in Highfields in East Amwell, New Jersey, United States.[2] On May 12, the child’s corpse[3] was discovered by a truck driver by the side of a nearby road

Execution of George Junius Stinney Jr. (October 21, 1929 – June 16, 1944). He was an African-American child who was convicted, in a proceeding later vacated as an unfair trial, of apparently murdering two white girls, Betty June Binnicker and Mary Emma Thames, ages 7 and 11, in his hometown of Alcolu, South Carolina. He was executed by electric chair in June 1944. Stinney is the youngest American to be sentenced to death and executed since Hannah Ocuish in 1786.

The Iran hostage crisis negotiations were negotiations in 1980 and 1981 between the United States Government and the Iranian Government to end the Iranian hostage crisis. The 52 American hostages, seized from the US Embassy in Tehran in November 1979, were finally released on 20 January 1981.

December 2,, 1980Four Catholic missionaries from the United States working in El Salvador were raped and murdered by five members of the El Salvador National Guard. They were Maryknoll Sisters Maura Clarke and Ita Ford, Ursuline Dorothy Kazel, and lay missionary Jean Donovan.

April 19, 1995 – Timothy McVeigh and Terry Nichols bomb Alfred P. Murrah Federal Building  in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma, in what is known as  The Oklahoma City Bombing.

January 2, 2000 – Kosheh massacres: Twenty Coptic Christians are massacred by Muslim villagers in Kosheh, Egypt.

September 11, 2001-Father Mychal Fallon Judge, O.F.M. was an American Franciscan friar who served as a chaplain to the New York City Fire Department. While serving in that capacity he was killed, becoming the first certified fatality of the September 11, 2001 attacks. (May 11, 1933 – September 11, 2001)

November  2008  The Mumbai attacks were a series of terrorist attacks that took place  when 10 members of Lashkar-e-Taiba, an extremist Islamist terrorist organization based in Pakistan, carried out 12 coordinated shooting and bombing attacks lasting four days across Mumbai. The attacks, which drew widespread global condemnation, began on Wednesday 26 November and lasted until Saturday 29 November 2008. At least 174 people died, including 9 attackers, and more than 300 were wounded.

April 15, 2013, During the annual Boston Marathon two homemade pressure cooker bombs detonated 14 seconds and 210 yards (190 m) apart at 2:49 p.m., near the finish line of the race, killing 3 people and injuring hundreds of others, including 17 who lost limbs. One of the two bombers hid in the town where I worked at the time, causing them to close down the city. His name is  Dzhokhar Tsarnaev.

February 15, 2015-  The 21 Coptic Martyrs of Libya  are killed by the  Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) . These 21 men represent the  1000’s of people killed by extremist Islamic terrorists who believe that by killing non-Muslims they are honoring God.

Scandals

Black Sox Scandal  was a Major League Baseball game-fixing scandal in which eight members of the Chicago White Sox were accused of throwing the 1919 World Series against the Cincinnati Reds in exchange for money from a gambling syndicate led by Arnold Rothstein, Aiden Clayton and Aaron Nelson. Judge Kenesaw Mountain Landis was appointed the first Commissioner of Baseball, with absolute control over the sport to restore its integrity.

Despite acquittals in a public trial in 1921, Judge Landis permanently banned all eight men from professional baseball. The punishment was eventually defined by the Baseball Hall of Fame to include banishment from consideration for the Hall. Despite requests for reinstatement in the decades that followed (particularly in the case of Shoeless Joe Jackson), the ban remains

The Watergate scandal was a political scandal in the United States involving the administration of U.S. President Richard Nixon from 1972 to 1974 that led to Nixon’s resignation. Watergate concerns US President Richard Nixon (R-CA) who ordered the burglary of the offices of the Democratic National Committee at the complex. The object was to plant a Covert listening device in the office and learn who inside his own administration was leaking information. The burglars were discovered and arrested. Nixon tried to cover up both the burglary, the bugging, and the full extent of other illegal acts by his close staff. The cover up resulted in 69 government officials being charged and 48 being convicted or pleading guilty. Eventually, Nixon resigned his office rather than face trial. Vice president Gerald Ford was sworn in as President and immediately pardoned Nixon.(1972–1974
Iran-Contra Affair (1985–1986) – In violation of an arms embargo, administration officials arranged to sell armaments to Iran in an attempt to improve relations with Iran and obtain their influence in the release of hostages held in Lebanon. Oliver North of the National Security Council then diverted proceeds from the arms sale to fund Contra rebels attempting to overthrow the left-wing government of Nicaragua, which was in direct violation of Congress’ Boland Amendment.[307] Ronald Reagan appeared on TV stating there was no “arms for hostages” deal, but was later forced to admit, also on TV, that yes, there indeed had been:
Clinton Scandal  President Bill Clinton (D) was accused by the House of Representatives and impeached for perjury and obstruction of justice for lying under oath about consensual sexual relations with a member of his staff, Monica Lewinsky. Clinton was acquitted by the Senate and remained in office for the rest of his term. Clinton subsequently was cited for contempt of court by the Arkansas Law Association and agreed to a five-year suspension.

War and Tension

1898: The Spanish–American War results in independence of Cuba.

1899–1902: Philippine–American War begins.

1899 -1901 The Boxer Rebellion  was an anti-imperialist, anti-foreign, and anti-Christian uprising in China , towards the end of the Qing dynasty.

1904 – 1905 Russo-Japanese War establishes the Empire of Japan as a world power.

1914 – 1918– World War 1 rages across Europe.

On May 7, 1915, the British ocean liner RMS Lusitania was torpedoed by U-20, a German U-boat, off the Old Head of Kinsale in Ireland and sunk in 18 minutes. 1,198 lives were lost, including 128 Americans. The sinking proved to be a factor in the American decision to enter World War I two years later.

March 1933 The NSDAP (Nazi Party) under Adolf Hitler wins the German federal election. Hitler thus becomes Chancellor of Germany.

1936 -1939-Spanish Civil War.

1939 -1945-World War 2 rages across Europe. The United States will not enter the war until  1941 when the Japanese bomb Pearl Harbor.

June 6, 1944  Allies invade France on D-Day.

1945 The United States opens Pandora’s box by  dropping two nuclear weapons over the Japanese cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki on August 6 and 9, 1945, respectively. The two bombings killed between 129,000 and 226,000 people, most of whom were civilians, and remain the only uses of nuclear weapons in armed conflict.

Cold War  1947 Truman Doctrine to the 1991 dissolution of the Soviet Union.

1950

The U. S. Enters into the Korean War
President Harry S. Truman orders the development of the hydrogen bomb, in response to the detonation of the Soviet Union’s first atomic bomb in 1949.
General Douglas MacArthur threatens to use nuclear weapons in Korea.
Scientist Albert Einstein warns that nuclear war could lead to mutual destruction.

1960 Vietnam War: The United States announces that 3,500 American soldiers will be sent to Vietnam.

On May 1, 1960  Several Soviet surface-to-air missiles shoot down an American Lockheed U-2 spy plane. Its pilot, Francis Gary Powers of the Central Intelligence Agency, is captured.

The Cuban Missal Crisis. This  was a 13-day (October 16–28, 1962) confrontation between the United States and the Soviet Union initiated by Soviet ballistic missile deployment in Cuba. The confrontation is often considered the closest the Cold War came to escalating into a full-scale nuclear war

On April 29, 1970  The U.S. invades Cambodia to hunt out the Viet Cong; widespread, large antiwar protests occur in the U.S..

 May 4, 1970. The Kent State shootings, also known as the May 4 massacre and the Kent State massacre were the killings of four and wounding of nine other unarmed Kent State University students in Kent, Ohio, by the Ohio National Guard.  The tragedy took place during a peace rally opposing the expanding involvement of the Vietnam War into neutral Cambodia by United States military forces as well as protesting the National Guard presence on campus. The incident marked the first time that a student had been killed in an anti-war gathering in United States history.

The Gulf War ( August  2, 1990 – February  28 1991), codenamed Operation Desert Shield (August 2, 1990 – 17 January  17, 1991) for operations leading to the buildup of troops and defense of Saudi Arabia and Operation Desert Storm ( January  17, 1991 –  February 28, 1991) in its combat phase, was a war waged by coalition forces from 35 nations led by the United States against Iraq in response to Iraq’s invasion and annexation of Kuwait arising from oil pricing and production disputes.

The War on Terror- The War on terror, also known as the Global War on Terrorism and U.S. War on Terror, is an international military campaign launched by the United States government after the September 11 attacks. This leads to war and armed conflict in places like Iraq and Afghanistan with militant Islamic terrorists. This war eventually ends the lives of terrorist leaders and dictators like Osama Bin Laden and Saddam Hussein.

 

2020

This is the year of the great Covid-19 pandemic in which our society closed down and a lot of people died.

This is the year My friends Pattie Goodale and her mother and brother all Died of Covid.

This is the year racism, riots, looting, protests and violence took over our computer screens.

This is the year racism, riots, looting, protests and violence took over our computer screens.

100 Years Ago… just after World War 1 in 1920  the 1918 flu pandemic ends in April.

Through good times and bad times, the Holy Spirit continues to guide the church despite attacks from the evil one as he tries to cripple the church with scandal. But the gates of hell shall not prevail against the church and she keeps moving along gathering up the sheep with her loving teaching.


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