If your reading this you made it another year.
Happy New Years Day
It is also the…
Public Domain Day (multiple countries)
The first Winnie-the-Pooh is among those books entering PD.
Here are some other historical things that happen on this day.
- 153 BC – For the first time, Roman consuls begin their year in office on January 1.
- 45 BC – The Julian calendar takes effect as the civil calendar of the Roman Empire, establishing January 1 as the new date of the new year.
- 42 BC – The Roman Senate posthumously deifies Julius Caesar.
- 404 – Saint Telemachus tries to stop a gladiatorial fight in a Roman amphitheatre, and is stoned to death by the crowd. This act impresses the Christian Emperor Honorius, who issues a historic ban on gladiatorial fights.
- 1600 – Scotland recognises January 1 as the start of the year, instead of March 25.
- 1604 – The Masque of Indian and China Knights is performed by courtiers of James VI and I at Hampton Court.
- 1700 – Russia begins using the Anno Domini era instead of the Anno Mundi era of the Byzantine Empire.
- 1739 – Bouvet Island, the world’s remotest island, is discovered by French explorer Jean-Baptiste Charles Bouvet de Lozier.
- 1772 – The first traveler’s cheques, which could be used in 90 European cities, are issued by the London Credit Exchange Company.
- 1773 – The hymn that became known as “Amazing Grace“, then titled “1 Chronicles 17:16–17”, is first used to accompany a sermon led by John Newton in the town of Olney, Buckinghamshire, England.
- 1776 – General George Washington hoists the first United States flag, the Grand Union Flag, at Prospect Hill.
- 1781-Mutiny of the Pennsylvania Line.
- 1788 – First edition of The Times of London, previously The Daily Universal Register, is published.
- 1801 – The legislative union of Kingdom of Great Britain and Kingdom of Ireland is completed, and the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland is proclaimed.
- 1801 – Ceres, the largest and first known object in the Asteroid belt, is discovered by Giuseppe Piazzi.
- 1804 – French rule ends in Haiti. Haiti becomes the first black-majority republic and second independent country in North America after the United States.
- 1806 – The French Republican Calendar is abolished.
- 1808 – The United States bans the importation of slaves.
- 1818-Mary Shelley’s “Frankenstein” is published.
- 1847 – The world’s first “Mercy” Hospital is founded in Pittsburgh, United States, by a group of Sisters of Mercy from Ireland; the name will go on to grace over 30 major hospitals throughout the world.
1860 – The first Polish stamp is issued, replacing the Russian stamps previously in use.
- 1863 – American Civil War: The Emancipation Proclamation takes effect in Confederate territory.
- 1863-A Nebraska farmer files the first homestead claim.
- 1877 – Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom is proclaimed Empress of India.
1885 – Twenty-five nations adopt Sandford Fleming‘s proposal for standard time (and also, time zones).
- 1892 – Ellis Island begins processing immigrants into the United States.
- 1898 – New York, New York annexes land from surrounding counties, creating the City of Greater New York. The four initial boroughs, Manhattan, Brooklyn, Queens, and The Bronx, are joined on January 25 by Staten Island to create the modern city of five boroughs.
1899 – Spanish rule ends in Cuba.
- 1901 – The British colonies of New South Wales, Queensland, Victoria, South Australia, Tasmania, and Western Australia federate as the Commonwealth of Australia; Edmund Barton is appointed the first Prime Minister.
- 1902 – The first American college football bowl game, the Rose Bowl between Michigan and Stanford, is held in Pasadena, California.
- 1910 – Captain David Beatty is promoted to Rear admiral, and becomes the youngest admiral in the Royal Navy (except for Royal family members) since Horatio Nelson.
- 1912 – The Republic of China is established.
- 1914 – The SPT Airboat Line becomes the world’s first scheduled airline to use a winged aircraft.
- 1915-A preview of “The Birth of a Nation” is shown to audiences.
- 1923 – Britain’s Railways are grouped into the Big Four: LNER, GWR, SR, and LMS.
- 1927 – New Mexican oil legislation goes into effect, leading to the formal outbreak of the Cristero War.
- 1928 – Boris Bazhanov defects through Iran. He is the only assistant of Joseph Stalin‘s secretariat to have defected from the Eastern Bloc.
- 1929 – The former municipalities of Point Grey, British Columbia and South Vancouver, British Columbia are amalgamated into Vancouver.
- 1932 – The United States Post Office Department issues a set of 12 stamps commemorating the 200th anniversary of George Washington’s birth.
- 1934 – Alcatraz Island in San Francisco Bay becomes a United States federal prison.
- 1934 – A “Law for the Prevention of Genetically Diseased Offspring” comes into effect in Nazi Germany.
- 1942 – The Declaration by United Nations is signed by twenty-six nations.
- 1945 – World War II: The German Luftwaffe launches Operation Bodenplatte, a massive, but failed, attempt to knock out Allied air power in northern Europe in a single blow.
- 1947 – Cold War: The American and British occupation zones in Allied-occupied Germany, after World War II, merge to form the Bizone, which later (with the French zone) became part of West Germany.
- 1947 – The Canadian Citizenship Act 1946 comes into effect, converting British subjects into Canadian citizens. Prime Minister William Lyon Mackenzie King becomes the first Canadian citizen.
- 1950-The International Police Association (IPA) – the largest police organization in the world – is formed.
- 1956 – Sudan achieves independence from Egypt and the United Kingdom.
- 1957 – George Town, Penang, is made a city by a royal charter of Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom.
- 1957 – Lèse majesté in Thailand is strengthened to include “insult” and changed to a crime against national security, after the Thai criminal code of 1956 went into effect.
- 1958 – The European Economic Community is established.
- 1958-Johnny Cash plays San Quentin State Prison.
- 1959 – Cuban Revolution: Fulgencio Batista, dictator of Cuba, is overthrown by Fidel Castro‘s forces.
- 1959- Cultivars of plants named after this date must be named in a modern language, not in Latin.
- 1960 – Cameroon achieves independence from France and the United Kingdom.
- 1962 – Western Samoa achieves independence from New Zealand; its name is changed to the Independent State of Western Samoa.
- 1964 – The Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland is divided into the independent republics of Zambia and Malawi, and the British-controlled Rhodesia.
- 1965 – The People’s Democratic Party of Afghanistan is founded in Kabul, Afghanistan.
- 1970 – The defined beginning of Unix time, at 00:00:00.
- 1971 – Cigarette advertisements are banned on American television.
- 1973 – Denmark, Ireland and the United Kingdom are admitted into the European Economic Community.
- 1973-The real-life murder behind “Looking For Mr. Goodbar”.
- 1978-The Copyright Act of 1976 takes effect, making sweeping changes to United States copyright law.
- 1979 – Normal diplomatic relations are established between the People’s Republic of China and the United States.
- 1981 – Greece is admitted into the European Community.
- 1982 – Peruvian Javier Pérez de Cuéllar becomes the first Latin American to hold the title of Secretary-General of the United Nations.
- 1983 – The ARPANET officially changes to using TCP/IP, the Internet Protocol, effectively creating the Internet.
- 1984 – The original American Telephone & Telegraph Company is divested of its 22 Bell System companies as a result of the settlement of the 1974 United States Department of Justice antitrust suit against AT&T.
- 1984 – Brunei becomes independent of the United Kingdom.
- 1985 – The first British mobile phone call is made by Michael Harrison to his father Sir Ernest Harrison, chairman of Vodafone.
- 1987 – The Isleta Pueblo tribe elect Verna Williamson to be their first female governor.
- 1988 – The Evangelical Lutheran Church in America comes into existence, creating the largest Lutheran denomination in the United States.
- 1989 – The Montreal Protocol comes into force, stopping the use of chemicals contributing to ozone depletion.
- 1990 – David Dinkins is sworn in as New York City‘s first black mayor.
- 1993 – Dissolution of Czechoslovakia: Czechoslovakia is divided into the Czech Republic and Slovak Republic.
- 1994 – The North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) comes into effect.
- 1995 – The World Trade Organization comes into being.
- 1995 – Austria, Finland and Sweden join the EU.
- 1998 – Following a currency reform, Russia begins to circulate new rubles to stem inflation and promote confidence.
- 1999 – Euro currency is introduced in 11 member nations of the European Union (with the exception of the United Kingdom, Denmark, Greece and Sweden; Greece adopts the euro two years later).
2000- Y2K is supposed to end the world at the beginning of the new millennium but proves to be a big disappointment.
2004 – In a vote of confidence, General Pervez Musharraf wins 658 out of 1,170 votes in the Electoral College of Pakistan, and according to Article 41(8) of the Constitution of Pakistan, is “deemed to be elected” to the office of President until October 2007.
- 2006-New England Patriots’ Doug Flutie makes NFL’s first drop kick since 1941
- 2007 – Bulgaria and Romania join the EU.
- 2011 – Estonia officially adopts the Euro currency and becomes the 17th Eurozone country.
- 2015 – The Eurasian Economic Union comes into effect, creating a political and economic union between Russia, Belarus, Armenia, Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan.
- 2019- Voyager 1 is currently at a distance of 145.11 astronomical units (2.1708×1010 km; 1.3489×1010 mi) (21.708 billion kilometers; 13.489 billion miles) from Earth as of January 1, 2019. It is the most distant human-made object from Earth.
And here are some Births that occurred on the first of the year.
- 1431 – Pope Alexander VI (d. 1503)
- 1484 – Huldrych Zwingli, Swiss pastor and theologian (d. 1531)
- 1735 – Paul Revere, American silversmith and engraver (d. 1818)
- 1752 – Betsy Ross, American seamstress, credited with designing the Flag of the United States (d. 1836)
- 1860- Charles Lwanga of The Uganda Martyrs (January 1, 1860 – June 3, 1886) is born.
- 1879 – E. M. Forster, English author and playwright (d. 1970)
- 1895 – J. Edgar Hoover, American law enforcement official; 1st Director of the Federal Bureau of Investigation (d. 1972)
- 1919 – J. D. Salinger, American soldier and author (d. 2010)
- 1925 – Matthew Beard, American child actor (d. 1981)
- 1929 – Larry L. King, American journalist, author, and playwright (d. 2012)
- 1938 – Frank Langella, American actor
- 1958 – Grandmaster Flash, Barbadian rapper and DJ 
And here are a few deaths that occurred on the first of the year.
- 404 – Telemachus, Christian monk and martyr
- 1953 – Hank Williams, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (b. 1923)
- 1994 – Cesar Romero, American actor (b. 1907)
- 2001 – Ray Walston, American actor (b. 1914)
- 2020-Don James Larsen (August 7, 1929 – January 1, 2020) was an American professional baseball pitcher. Larsen pitched the sixth perfect game in MLB history, doing so in Game 5 of the 1956 World Series.