Ephesians 6: The Armor of God Bible Study And Commentary

Ephesians 6: The Armor of God Bible Study And Commentary April 12, 2017

The Apostle Paul warns a visible church in Ephesus about an invisible enemy of spiritual forces.

Ephesians 6:12

The Apostle Paul told the church at Ephesus that “we do not wrestle against flesh and blood, but against the rulers, against the authorities, against the cosmic powers over this present darkness, against the spiritual forces of evil in the heavenly places” (Eph 6:12), and I believe it would be easier to face spiritual attacks against an enemy we can see, but since fallen angels and Satan are spirit, we cannot see the, but these evil spirits apparently control authorities and powerful “forces of evil in the heavenly places,” so we’re not equipped to take on an invisible and powerful enemy…so we need God’s help and as we will read, we can receive it.

What do you think “cosmic powers” are?

What are the “heavenly places” that these spiritual forces of evil occupy?

How often do you feel under attack by the enemy?

Ephesians 6:13-14

The Apostle Paul tells us we must “take up the whole armor of God, that you may be able to withstand in the evil day, and having done all, to stand firm” (Eph 6:13) and “having fastened on the belt of truth, and having put on the breastplate of righteousness” (Eph 6:14). I see that Christians are required to take action as we must “take up” the full armor, and then “having fastened on the belt of truth,” you “put on the breastplate of righteousness,” so we must take the initiative since armor doesn’t put itself on.  By studying about righteousness, which is found in Christ, we find out how we become righteous (2nd Cor 5:21), and then we can fasten our minds on that truth.

What is the “breastplate of righteousness?”

What do you thing “the belt of truth” is?

How can you “put these on?”

We-do-not-wrestle (1)

Ephesians 6:15

The Apostle Paul tells us that part of the armor of God are the shoes of the gospel or as he writes, “as shoes for your feet, having put on the readiness given by the gospel of peace” (Eph 6:15) and again we read we need to “put on,” so Paul keeps reminding us that it’s up to us to “put on” the armor of God but in doing so, we might overlook the shoes. Perhaps Paul calls “shoes for your feet” the “gospel of peace” because we who have trusted in Christ are at peace with God because of Christ (Rom 5:1) and there is no more condemnation (Rom 8:1), so the gospel of peace is the gospel that removes the enmity of God against us by having God’s placing the wrath on Jesus at the cross.

Why are the shoes and the “readiness…of the gospel” associated with one another?

What do shoes have to do with “the gospel of peace?”

Does this mean we are to be spreading the gospel as witnesses?

Ephesians 6:16

When Paul wrote, “In all circumstances take up the shield of faith, with which you can extinguish all the flaming darts of the evil one,” (Eph 6:16), again he says “take up” which is similar to “put on” so he is telling us we have to make an effort and put on your spiritual armor for protection. The faith that saves is a shield for us against the Day of Judgment that is coming on all unbelievers, but this shield if to be used against the enemy and without faith, we cannot defend ourselves against all the flaming darts that the enemy sends our way. The enemy might even use others in attacking us, so we must take up the shield of faith every single day.

Why is faith described as a shield against the enemy?

Give us an example of a “flaming dart” the enemy has thrown at you?

How can a shield “extinguish” a flaming dart?

Ephesians 6:17

The Apostle Paul instructs the church to “take the helmet of salvation, and the sword of the Spirit, which is the word of God” so these two things seem to go together. If you have been saved, then you have been saved through the Holy Spirit and the Word of God and you and I have access to the only offensive piece of equipment in the armor and that is “the sword of the Spirit” which being capitalized, is a proper noun, and refers to the Holy Spirit, so with the sword of the Spirit, which is the Word of God, we can be equipped to resist the enemy just as Jesus did in resisting the Devil’s temptations. When tempted, Jesus quoted the Word of God and the Devil had no answer to that.

Why is the helmet referred to as “the helmet of salvation?”

Have you ever used the Word of God to resist temptation?

Ephesians 6:18

One of the things we can use to fight the enemy is not even a piece of equipment….it is prayer, so Paul tells us that we are to be “praying at all times in the Spirit, with all prayer and supplication. To that end, keep alert with all perseverance, making supplication for all the saints” (Eph 6:18). To keep alert is to keep the enemy from sneaking up on us and when we are praying, we are connecting with the God Who can see what we don’t see and help us avoid the enemies tactics of surprise attacks, so if we are praying, we are preparing and we are keeping more alert by praying in the Spirit.

What does it mean “praying in the Spirit?”

How can we be “praying at all times” in our busy lives?

Is prayer a defensive, an offensive weapon, or both?

Article by Jack Wellman

Jack Wellman is Pastor of the Mulvane Brethren Church in Mulvane Kansas. Jack is also host of Spiritual Fitness and Senior Writer at What Christians Want To Know whose mission is to equip, encourage, and energize Christians and to address questions about the believer’s daily walk with God and the Bible. You can follow Jack on Google Plus or check out his book Teaching Children the Gospel available on Amazon.

"I am color blind. Colors have no meaning for me. I don't know how you ..."

Do Colors Have Special Meaning In ..."
"Listen to Marvin Winans sing “Let the Church Say Amen.” on youtube."

Do Colors Have Special Meaning In ..."
"To those who are color blind, I am color blind, but just because we cannot ..."

Do Colors Have Special Meaning In ..."
"THERE HAS BEEN MORE INFORMATION WRITTEN ABOUT JESHUA THAN ANY OTHER BEING EVER TO EXIST. ..."

The Assurance of Jesus Christ’s Return

Browse Our Archives

Follow Us!


TRENDING AT PATHEOS Evangelical
What Are Your Thoughts?leave a comment
  • pud

    First of all preacher jack…Paul was NOT an apostle as he never even met your mythical “jesus”…Saul of Tarsus was a murdering jew turned demented christian who had psychotic visions of giant “jesus” ….Why any lunatic would care at all what this madman wrote 2000 years ago is a mystery to every rational person.

    OOoooo! Cosmic battle! The sneaky enemy warded off by mumbling gibberish in your head! Nonstop! Got it!

    What do you think “cosmic powers” are?
    What are the “heavenly places” that these spiritual forces of evil occupy?
    How often do you feel under attack by the enemy?

    Not a lunatic? LOL How often are you under attack jack?

    Seek help jack….don’t delay

    • Theodore A. Jones

      Nonsense! Paul is an apostle he having been entrusted with the message. And Jack Wellman, whose name you refuse to capitalize showing overt disrespect, is a greater man than you’ll ever be. Even I, tho I directly oppose pastor Wellman’s conjecture of the Way a person must be saved, he does deserve the respect of at least capitalizing his name.

      • pud

        Wrong teddy….He was “entrusted” with NOTHING! He was a self appointed former murderer who had psychotic visions. That’s a fact.

        I have no respect for people who lie to children for a living. He deserves nothing but contempt. You EARN respect you don’t get it by virtue of some lame title.

      • Jack Wellman

        Thank you sir.

    • Miranda

      The Enemy doesn’t attack directly, it does so subtly by working on our worst feelings and causing us to turn away from the loving embrace of Jesus. Once we turn away other behaviours that we would never consider become natural to us, using improper and offensive language, immodest dress and immoral behaviour. The more we perform these things the more open we are to demonic influences, it’s a vicious cycle that we can fall into that begins with temptation “Each person is tempted when they are dragged away by their own evil desire and enticed, then after desire has conceived it gives birth to sin and sin when it is full grown give birth to death” James 14-15. So you see the battle is within our hearts, it is by Prayer that we fight to keep it safe, with faith our shield, a breast plate of righteousness, our sword the truth of the Gospel.

      From your language and anger toward the good Pastor its clear you are on a dangerous path, please ask Jesus to come into your heart and purify it, don’t let your heart be a place where temptation births sin and then death. But it’s not too late, though all have sinned, there is hope for us, yes now as the anniversary of our Lord sacrifice nears ask ‘What can wash away my sin’! Yes the answer is nothing but the blood of Jesus! Nothing can for sin atone, Nothing but the blood of Jesus; Naught of good that I have done; nothing but the blood of Jesus.

      • pud

        Written like a fully indoctrinated lunatic cult member. You would do well to seek some mental health counselling

        • Miranda

          And you would do well to seek some spiritual help with your demons.

          Read through your previous comments they are full of obsessive hate and anger, only a person at war with their own heart could hate themselves so much to do this to themselves – “For out of the abundance of the heart, the mouth speaks. The good man out of his good treasure brings out good things, and the evil man out of his evil treasure brings out evil things” Matthew 12:35-36.

          You know the Truth of God is there for you, yet you rebel as Paul warned Timothy “For the time will come when they will not listen to the sound doctrine, but, having itching ears, will heap up for themselves teachers after their own lusts; and will turn away their ears from the truth, and turn aside to fables.” Timothy 4:3-4 yes truly, the fable of atheism means you do not realise the peril you are in.

          You are so close, channel your anger to love for Jesus and embrace him, let yourself feel his warmth, join the church, his Bride, for the day is coming when “The Spirit and the bride say, “Come!” He who hears, let him say, “Come!” He who is thirsty, let him come. He who desires, let him take the water of life freely” Revelation 22 17.

  • Theodore A. Jones

    The Way one might become righteous:
    “For it is not those who hear the law who are righteous in God’s sight, but it is those who obey the law who will be declared righteous. Paul, Rom. 2:13
    Is Paul’s soteriological paradigm correct or not? The admonition to put on the whole, i.e.complete, armor of God is a splendid encouragement, but first one must apprehend what it is. Peter’s judgement about some things Paul has written is that “he’s hard, difficult, to understand” and that is a very truthful fact.
    However today’s Christian ministers are disseminating an incorrect soteriological assumption having incorrectly interpreted the scriptures and therefore alleging that the sin of murdering Jesus Christ by crucifixion is a direct benefit when truthfully murdering him by crucifixion is indeed not.
    Where do these contemporary ministers deviate? They have in concert incorrectly assumed that the word law in Paul’s writings is only referencing OT, law, but failing to comprehend that the word law in his writings is referencing either OT law or the law that has been added in regard to the sin of murdering Jesus Christ by crucifixion. “The law was added so that the trespass might increase.” Rom.5:20& 2:13 are referencing the law that was added which has made it an unlawful and unforgivable act not to confess directly to God that you are truly sorry his only begotten son was murdered by crucifying him. No person has put on the whole armor of God who has not had the faith to obey the law REPENT in regard to the sin of Jesus Christ’s murder.
    “When he comes he will convict the world of guilt in regard to sin”Jn. 16:8 AFTER! murdering him by crucifixion.

  • Miranda

    Thank You Pastor Wellman for these excellent study resources. We must constantly pray at all times as Paul advises, it can be hard with so many distractions of the world yet God has provide us with bounteous help in the Bible and the fellowship of the Church!!

    • Jack Wellman

      Thank you Miranda. I appreciate your words and yes, pray constantly.

  • I will print this Jack and give to Pastor’s wife for background information on our Women’s Bible Study “The Armor of God” she is conducting.
    Thanks! ~ Sis