On not looking beyond the mark

On not looking beyond the mark April 6, 2024


The 12, right now.
The Quorum of the Twelve Apostles on February 6, 2024. Front row, left to right: President Jeffrey R. Holland, Elder Dieter F. Uchtdorf, Elder David A. Bednar, Elder Quentin L. Cook, and Elder D. Todd Christofferson. Back row, left to right: Elder Neil L. Andersen, Elder Ronald A. Rasband, Elder Gary E. Stevenson, Elder Dale G. Renlund, Elder Gerrit W. Gong, Elder Ulisses Soares, and Elder Patrick Kearon. (Fair Use, I hope.)

I expect that I am not the only person today who was impressed by the powerful and remarkable testimony of President Jeffrey R. Holland.  I’m so very grateful that he is still with us.

There was also a passage in President Henry B. Eyring’s remarks in the morning session that really hit me.  I’ll have something more to say about it later.

In the Conference Center with MoTab and Orchestra
The Tabernacle Choir and the Orchestra at Temple Square, seated at the base of the Conference Center organ in Salt Lake City, Utah.  (LDS.org)

Some like to complain about what they see (or claim to see) as the shallowness of the speeches given at General Conference and, indeed, of the Church itself and its teachings.  The complaint has never made much sense to me; I find more than enough in every session of Conference to challenge me.  Nevertheless, with that complaint in mind I want to revisit something that I posted here about six years ago:

Quite a while back now, I was surprised and saddened by a gratuitous insult to my faith in Thomas Cahill’s otherwise interesting book How the Irish Saved Civilization.  While discussing the ancient Iranian-born religion of Manichaeism, now long gone but once (for a few centuries) a serious rival to Christianity, Cahill suddenly, out of the blue, compared it to “Mormonism” and to the doctrine of Jehovah’s Witnesses.  All are, he said, shallow and superficial faiths, “full of assertions . . . but yield[ing] no intellectual system to nourish a great intellect.”

I thought this remarkably unfair.  While Jehovah’s Witnesses have been noted over many decades for their disdain for higher education, the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints has, to put it mildly, not been so known.  Indeed, as far back, at least, as Kenneth R. Hardy’s “Social Origins of American Scientists and Scholars,” Science 185 (9 August 1974): 497-506, it’s been recognized that Latter-day Saints are disproportionately represented in scholarship and the sciences.  (See also this article, by sociologists Stan Albrecht and Tim Heaton.)  There exists, so far as I’m aware, no Jehovah’s Witness analogue to, say, the Association for Mormon Letters, the Association of Mormon Counselors and Psychotherapists, the Mormon History Association, the Academy for Temple StudiesMormon Scholars in the Humanities, the Mormon Social Science Association, the Society for Mormon Philosophy and Theology, The Interpreter Foundation, nor even, for that matter, to Brigham Young University (in its three campuses at Provo, Rexburg, and Laie) or Ensign College or Southern Virginia University or the multitude of schools, seminaries, and Institutes of Religion that are sponsored by the Church.

Inspired by Elder M. Russell Ballard’s 2007 call to use the Internet more effectively to spread the Gospel, I had already been intending to someday seriously think about perhaps getting around to eventually maybe launching something like Latter-day Saint Scholars Testify.  It was, though, Thomas Cahill’s unexpected slur that finally impelled me to act.  (And perhaps that reflects poorly on me:  Irritation motivated me where apostolic admonition had not.)

I would, of course, agree with Mr. Cahill that the Restoration hasn’t yet produced its equivalent of St. Thomas Aquinas’s Summa Theologica.  However, mainstream Christianity took twelve centuries to produce St. Thomas — he died in March 1274; it’s not coincidental, by the way, that one of my sons, born on the anniversary of his death, bears his name — and the Restored Church, not yet two centuries old, doesn’t seem to me to be doing dramatically worse on the intellectual front than the early Christians were at roughly AD 218.

I’m fond of several aphorisms from the eighteenth-century German physicist and satirist Georg Christoph Lichtenberg.  Two of them remind me of the reactions of certain critics to the Book of Mormon:  “A book is a mirror: if an ape looks into it an apostle is hardly likely to look out.”  (Ein Buch ist Spiegel, aus dem kein Apostel herausgucken kann, wenn ein Affe hineinguckt.)  “When a book and a head collide and a hollow sound is heard, must it always have come from the book?”  (Wenn ein Buch und ein Kopf zusammenstoßen und es klingt hohl, ist das allemal im Buch?)  But it seems to me that precisely the same things can validly be said about the reaction of certain critics to the Restoration as a whole.

Moreover, for various reasons, I’m not convinced that the Church should generate its own Summa Theologica.  And St. Thomas himself might agree with me on that.  The famous story is told of some sort of revelation given to him on 6 December 1273, roughly four months prior to his death, during his celebration of a mass in the Dominican monastery at Naples.  Although his works are voluminous, St. Thomas never wrote another line thereafter.  He dictated nothing more to his socius, Reginald of Piperno.  When Reginald begged him to continue with his work, Thomas replied  “Reginald, I cannot, because all that I have written seems like straw to me [mihi videtur ut palea].”

Failure to produce a Summa is not, in my judgment, tantamount to shallow superficiality.  There is, I’m convinced, great depth in the Gospel — whether or not we Latter-day Saints have done enough thus far to explore that depth.

But the Church and the Gospel aren’t intended solely or even primarily for Thomist philosophers or Hegelians.  Our services and Sunday school classes aren’t academic seminars in historiography or systematic theology.  Like every other broad demographic group, the Saints are mostly people who don’t spend hours each day worrying about ontology, epistemology, counterfactual conditionals, or Angst in the works of Sartre.  And the saving message of the Gospel is for them, every bit as much as it is for intellectuals and artistes.

I’m convinced that people will find depth in the Restored Gospel commensurate with their own, if they put the requisite thought and effort into studying and reflecting on it.  But, just as the exclamation “Fire!” doesn’t have to be philosophically deep in order to bear life-saving meaning, so too the theological depths of the Gospel don’t have to be fully charted before it can lead us to life-saving repentance.  It would be a fool, and very likely soon a dead one, who refused to budge while the flames drew nearer simply because the person who had warned him to flee had shown insufficient intellectual or literary sophistication while doing it.

A well-known story is told about the prominent Swiss thinker Karl Barth (d. 1968; author of, among other important things, the massive and famous thirteen-volume Church Dogmatics), who is generally considered the greatest Protestant theologian of the twentieth century:  After a lecture at the University of Chicago’s Rockefeller Chapel — or, perhaps, at Union Theological Seminary in Richmond, Virginia, or perhaps in both places (see here) — a student supposedly rose during the question-and-answer period to ask Barth whether his entire life’s work could be summarized in a single sentence.  Yes indeed, Barth is said to have responded.  “In the words of a song I learned at my mother’s knee: ‘Jesus loves me, this I know, for the Bible tells me so.'”

Simple, yes.  But, if true, profound.  Profoundly important.  And very richly meaningful.

“Es ärgert den Menschen,” the illustrious German poet and philosopher Johann Wolfgang von Goethe once wrote, “daß die Wahrheit so einfach ist.”  “It irritates people that the truth is so simple.”  We must learn not to look beyond the mark.


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