The Evolution of the Thesis: Why It's Alright to Change Your Topic

The Evolution of the Thesis: Why It's Alright to Change Your Topic April 20, 2013

Dear Friends and Family,

If you were to go back through my old posts, starting with the oldest and working your way up (not that I’d recommend it), you would first find this post. In it I talk about what was at the time my fifth thesis topic. Then, if you kept reading, you’d end up here, where I describe not only my fifth thesis topic shift, but the fact that I’d switched supervisors as well. In the interest of describing what its like to do a PhD, I thought I’d do a post outlining how and why a thesis can change by using my own as a case study. I remember in my Master’s feeling so trapped by topic. I want others out there working to know it’s OK to change your mind, so long as it isn’t too often.

Master’s Degree: Columbanus, Grace, and the Trinity

I came into my Master’s (in Historical Theology) thinking I either wanted to write on C. S. Lewis or “Celtic” Christianity. I quickly settled on “Celtic” Christianity, got in touch with Tom O’Loughlin and decided I was going to the University of Nottingham for my PhD. Then I started my Master’s. With Tom and Bob Rea’s help––Bob being my Major Professor and boss––I decided to write about the theology of one late-sixth, early seventh century Irish monk, Columbanus.

Saint Columbanus.
Saint Columbanus. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

The only problem, I quickly got tired of Columbanus. In the second year of my Master’s, and the first semester of my thesis, I finally took the Early Christian Centuries course and fell in love with patristics as well as Trinitarian theology and deification. But I felt stuck.

PhD Topic #1 Columbanus and Grace

So, I kept at it. I finished my Master’s and came to Nottingham to work with Tom. We quickly settled on the topic of grace in Columbanus. I was particularly interested in how his understanding of grace sounded like the Eastern Orthodox understanding. Tom had suggested that all of  Columbanus’ Eastern Orthodox sounding notions actually came through a fifth century monk and contemporary of Augustine, John Cassian. Cue PhD topic #2.

PhD Topic #2 John Cassian, Columbanus, and Grace


I had studied Cassian some in my Master’s and since he was the figure my Major Professor from my Master’s had written on, this would make for a good PhD. The idea had been to first show that Cassian’s understanding of grace was in line with Eastern Orthodox thinking. Then, I’d set out to prove that Cassian had a direct influence on Columbanus, thus accounting for Columbanus’ understanding of grace.

From here, some kind of imperceptible change happened. It wasn’t that I no longer wanted to right about grace, it’s just there was more to it than simply what they thought happened when one became a believer, and they thought one could. As I said above, I had, in my Master’s learned about, and become interested in the primarily Eastern Orthodox notion of deification, or theosis (see my post here for a general overview of what deification is).

PhD Topic #3 John Cassian, Columbanus, and Deification

From here I decided that what I wanted to show was first that John Cassian had a notion of deification like the Eastern Church Fathers. Then I would prove Cassian’s influence on Columbanus. After showing Cassian’s influence on Columbanus I would show evidence of a notion deification in Columbanus as well. I quickly realised, however that continued work on Columbanus would lead me into some historical minutiae I didn’t want to deal with.

PhD Topic #4 John Cassian and Deification

This brought to my, hopefully, penultimate thesis topic. I decided to drop Columbanus altogether. The problem? I had come to Nottingham to work with Dr Tom O’Loughlin on Irish Christianity, only there weren’t any Irishmen (or women) in my project at this stage. Still, I plowed on in what was a primarily historical thesis when what I was really wanting to do, had been wanting to do since my Master’s, was theology. I wanted to do theology without divorcing it from history, but I didn’t want to be a historian. Finally, after spending a whole summer reading nothing but patristic and secondary texts on deification when this academic started up back in October, I decided it was time to make a change.

PhD Topic #5 Deification

I’ve already written about the switch to my final (hopefully) topic as well as my switching supervisors. I just want to note here that part of the reason it took me so long was fear. I was afraid of disappointing Tom, even Bob (my Major Professor in my Master’s). I felt locked in by previous decisions. The thing is, I wasn’t locked in. I could’ve changed my mind at any time. Ultimately, I’m glad I did my studies the way I did because it meant I got an excellent grounding in the Tradition before more strictly doing theology.

I just want to encourage anyone, especially young (if not in age then at least to their programs) scholars, that you shouldn’t feel locked in permanently to whatever you initially chose to do. Doing research and writing means that your ideas are going to change, your interests are going to change, you are going to change. You should always temper that desire to change by seeking advice, but still listen to it. I prayed long and hard before switching topics and supervisors. Then I spoke to the perspective supervisors to see if they thought this was a good idea. Finally, I talked to my supervisor before making anything official. It was tough, and a little awkward, but I’m a much happier theologian in training now than I was historian (or at least historical theologian) before.

Have you ever made major shifts like (in any area of life)? Let me know. How did they work out for you? While I still don’t know how this will ultimately work for me, it certainly seems like it was the right thing for me to do.



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  • I wonder whether the British system encourages this sort of change more than the American universities…as I understand it, you had to propose a specific project to be accepted into your program, yes? Here, we generally have 2-3 years of coursework before we have to propose anything specific. Even then, changes happen; a colleague of mine ended up narrowing her focus significantly as she began working with the actual manuscripts so that instead of studying notational change, she began studying the evolution of a single element. She was much happier and it became a much stronger thesis, one that is already rocking the musicology world. It must have been frustrating and difficult for you to undergo so many changes, but it sounds as if you’ve made these changes for compelling reasons. I hope it all works out!

    • Samantha,

      I think you’re probably right about the distinction between American and British programs. I may do a post in the near future about the strengths and weaknesses of the American and UK higher-ed systems, especially mixing and matching. Anyway, yes, we come in with a proposal. They don’t have to be terribly detailed, but a proposal is required nonetheless. Glad to hear your friend was able to benefit from a change. I know that for me, I was concerned about hurting my original supervisor’s feelings. Anyway, the changes could be frustrating at times, but usually, I was so overwhelmed by the new ideas that I wasn’t concerned about how frequently I was changing. Like I said, though, the final change was the hardest since I was concerned about my original supervisor. What I didn’t mention in the post is that he had also been my external supervisor on my Master’s thesis. We were in conversation two years before I came to Nottingham. Nevertheless, I think I’ve done the right thing and am headed in the best direction for me.


      • One thing I’ve enjoyed realizing this year is that the dissertation, while important and formative for one’s early career, does not shape the entirety of your future research. I’ve been advised to keep an ongoing list of all research ideas that sound interesting – and a number of these are not at all related to English Reformation music. I think that one’s scholarship can only improve through occasional attention to other topics. Hopefully, you’ll be able to continue your interest in Celtic Christianity. Nothing says you can’t work on a paper or two on unrelated topics after or even during your dissertation! I’m even told that kind of change can be wonderfully invigorating and help you consider your main focus from new perspectives. What all this means is that, with any luck, your professional relationship with your former supervisor is not over just because this one (admittedly large) research project is in a different field.

        All best,


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