Cheney’s remarks on the government shutdown caught my attention, especially from the viewpoint of mimetic theory. Guthrie began the interview by stating that, “A lot of people see this current time as a moment when the Republican Party is almost in a civil war with itself. Do you think the government shutdown strategy was a smart strategy?” Here’s how the conversation ensued:
Cheney: I look at it with a different perspective, Savannah. I think we’ve had a lot of talk about the conflict inside the party. What intrigues me is, I think the most radical operator in Washington today is the President and I think he is trying to take the country in a direction that is fundamentally different than anything we’ve seen before.
Guthrie: And you’d think that might be a unifying moment for the party.
Cheney: I would hope so.
Whether you admire him or hate him, Dick Cheney’s years of experience has made him razor sharp politician. He knows what mimetic theory claims is the primary way humans form unity: find a common enemy to blame. In fact, Cheney’s hope for peacemaking within the Republican Party is to unite against the President.
This, of course, is the exact same strategy that President Obama has employed. There is no difference between Obama’s strategy and Cheney’s strategy: They both have found hope in uniting against a common enemy. The only difference between the President and his Republican counterparts is that, in this case, Obama has proven himself to be a much better politician. In his weekly address to the nation after the government re-opened, Obama went so far as to attempt to unite some “responsible” Republican with him against, apparently, those irresponsible Republicans. He began his address by stating, “Hi everybody. This week, because Democrats and responsible Republicans came together, the government was reopened, and the threat of default was removed from our economy.”
Why don’t we see anything like a “civil war” within the Democratic Party? Unlike their Republican counterparts, any internal squabbles have dissipated because the Democrats have a clear external enemy that they can unite against – those irresponsible Republicans. Wolfgang Palavar explains this mimetic phenomenon of uniting against a common enemy in his book René Girard’s Mimetic Theory. Under a section called “The Origin of Political Enmity in the Scapegoat Mechanism,” Palavar writes, “Girard argues that violence is always originally an internal problem. The rivalries within the group are channeled by means of the scapegoat mechanism into violence against an external enemy, which leads to friend/enemy relations between groups. From the perspective of the mimetic theory, all warfare and political enmity arises from the scapegoat mechanism.”
Okay. That was tongue in cheek, but it gives you a sense of my political leanings and how easy I fall into the trap of scapegoating. And that’s the point. It’s easy to scapegoat. We gain a sense of moral righteousness by uniting with others over-and-against our political enemies. The trouble with Washington isn’t primarily because of politicians; it’s because humans have a tendency to scapegoat. We should demand better of our politicians, but we need to demand better of ourselves.
(For more on “scapegoating” join us on the Teaching Nonviolent Atonement live chat as we talk with David Dawson, author of Flesh Becomes Word: A Lexicography of the Scapegoat or, the History of an Idea.)