“Fascist” is not just an all-purpose insult, or a synonym for “conservative,” or a generic right-wing dictatorship. Rather, fascism is a distinct ideology, with its own philosophy, economic theory, political program, moral convictions, and religious worldview. And, despite their catastrophic consequences, elements of fascism are re-emerging.
That is the subject of my book Modern Fascism [paid link], published back in 1993. Far from being conservative, the fascists were a radical, revolutionary, anti-capitalist movement, favored by avant-garde artists and academics. It was very much a “modernist” movement, which anticipated today’s “post-modernist” worldview.
Photo: Collage of Totalitarian Leaders [Stalin, Hitler, Mao, Mussolini, Kim Il Jung] by General Iroh, the Dragon of the West, CC BY-SA 4.0 <https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0>, via Wikimedia Commons