The purpose of surgery, traditionally, is to save patients’ lives and to restore their health. But today surgeons are also operating on healthy bodies to make them conform to what the patients want to look like (cosmetic surgery) or to what sex their patients want to be (“gender-affirming” surgery).
Some people have the desire to be physically disabled–to be blind, deaf, paralyzed, or an amputee. This is a psychiatric condition called “body integrity identity disorder” (BIID). Those afflicted with this syndrome sometimes stage “accidents” to cut off their hands or to blind themselves. There have been cases of doctors amputating patients’ healthy legs and putting out healthy eyes at their request.