The Real Face of the Persecuted

The Real Face of the Persecuted May 26, 2017

This guest post was written by Darryl Ward.


Reflections on 1 Peter 3:13-22.

Two and a half years ago, Florida charity worker Arnold Abbott made world headlines when he was arrested. His crime? Feeding the homeless.

Arnold, who was ninety at the time, had been helping prepare hundreds of meals every week since 1990. In 1991, he founded the Maureen A. Abbott Love Thy Neighbor Fund, whose name was a tribute to his late wife, and which sought to continue the work they had done together. Love Thy Neighbor is based on two core principles: “We are our brother’s keeper,” and “Love thy neighbor as thyself.” And it is open to people of all religions, beliefs, and races, who wish to help those who are worse off than themselves.[1]

Love Thy Neighbor carried on with its good work of helping the homeless without drawing any international attention, until the City of Fort Lauderdale passed an ordinance severely restricting their activities. Feeding the homeless had to take place at least 500 feet away from residential properties, and food sites were restricted to one per city block. These restrictions were motivated by residents and businesses, who were concerned about homeless people being attracted to their neighborhoods (and presumably thereby lowering the tone of them).[2]

But Love Thy Neighbor was not going let this stop them. And on November 4, 2014, Arnold, along with two ministers from the Sanctuary Church, were arrested while they were distributing food to the homeless. But, in spite of this, Arnold was back feeding the homeless the very next day. Even though he risked a $500 fine and four months in jail for each arrest. And again, he was arrested.[3]

Fort Lauderdale Mayor Jack Seiler was not impressed by Arnold’s efforts, but Arnold pointed out, if they weren’t feeding the homeless, many of them would have no alternative other than to forage through rubbish bins, or starve.

“What the city is doing by cutting out feeding is very simple — they are forcing homeless people to go dumpster-diving all over again,” Arnold said. “They will steal. That’s what the mayor is forcing the homeless to do.”[4]

In the Revised Common Lectionary, the epistle reading for May 21, 2017, is from the First Letter of St. Peter. The authorship is traditionally attributed to St. Peter, the Apostle, and this certainly seems to have been the view of the early Church. However, many of today’s scholars say that St. Peter could not have possibly written this document, as it would have required a much higher level of education and knowledge of Greek than a humble fisherman from Galilee would have possessed. A compromise position is that St. Peter essentially dictated the letter to a secretary who was more versed in Greek than he was. There are differing views on the letter’s authorship, but, at the end of the day, we really don’t know, and like so many of the books of scripture, its authorship is uncertain.

The First Letter of St. Peter contains some interesting material. Some of it, notably the author’s views on gender roles, especially the suggestion that women are “the weaker sex,” would generally be considered today to be irredeemably outdated, which reinforces my personal view that we must always take into account the cultural and historical context of when scripture was written, instead of simply taking it at face value through today’s eyes.[5] It also contains that absolutely fascinating fragment of text about Jesus making a proclamation to imprisoned spirits after his death.[6]

But the most consistent theme of the First Letter of St. Peter is a message of encouragement for early Christians who were facing persecution. Scholars are divided over whether the author was referring to social rejection, or the more serious official persecution that was undertaken by the Roman authorities at certain times. And it may well refer to both. But in either case, those who are facing persecution are encouraged. They are told that they are blessed if they suffer for doing good,[7] and that it is better to suffer for doing good, if suffering should be God’s will, than to suffer for doing evil.[8]

A complaint I have sometimes heard from Christians in North America is that they are being persecuted for their faith (although admittedly I haven’t heard it quite so much since Donald Trump took office). Some are employers, who are unhappy that health provisions included in remuneration for their workers cover things they disapprove of, such as the provision of contraception. But an employer being prevented from forcing their personal morality onto their staff does not count as religious persecution.

And there are others who claim they are persecuted who object to anti-discrimination laws that we are told could – for example –  force a baker to bake a cake for a same-sex wedding. Now you may rest assured I am not about to segue into the minefield that is the theology of human sexuality: this is just an example to make a point. And I would argue that this does not constitute religious persecution. Baking a cake is just that; it is baking a cake. It is not actually partaking in a wedding. And I have yet to hear any complaints from Christian bakers about baking cakes for divorced people who are remarrying, which I am sure must happen much more frequently than same-sex weddings.

I would suggest they ask themselves that most clichéd of questions, “What would Jesus do?” And I would say Jesus would not only bake the bake, he would bake two of them, given that he had said that if anybody forces you to go one mile, you should also go the extra mile.[9]

Neither of these scenarios constitute genuine religious persecution in my view, and to suggest they do is downright disrespectful to those who in some parts or the world are deprived of liberty, subjected to violence, and even killed for following their faith.

But, having said that, there are still genuine examples of Americans being persecuted for following the teachings of Jesus. And one of them is Arnold Abbott. Jesus never said anything about restricting people’s access to health care, or refusing to bake cakes for people whose lifestyles we disapprove of. But he had a lot to say about caring for the vulnerable.[10] And he also fed people.[11]

Arnold wasn’t arrested over issues Jesus never mentioned or even alluded to. He was arrested for doing precisely what Jesus asked us to do. In my book, that counts as religious persecution.

The real faces of the persecuted Christians in North America are not the employers who object to their staff having access to contraception. And neither are they the bakers who want to be selective about their clientele. The real faces of the persecuted American Christians are people like Arnold Abbott.

So, what happened to Arnold in the end? After three trials in the Circuit Court, followed by two trials in the Palm Beach Appeals Court, Love Thy Neighbor won, and Fort Lauderdale’s laws against feeding the homeless were declared unconstitutional.[12]

Love Thy Neighbor won. Jesus won. And love won. But persecution lost.



  1. ^
  2. ^ keep-feeding-the-homeless-despite-facing-jail-9844237.html
  3. ^
  4. ^ Ibid.
  5. ^ 1 Peter 3:1-12
  6. ^ 1 Peter 3:18-22
  7. ^ 1 Peter 3:14
  8. ^ 1 Peter 3:17
  9. ^ Matthew 5:41-42
  10. ^ Matthew 25:34-40
  11. ^ Matthew 14:13-21
  12. ^

Photo via Unsplash.

darryl-wardAbout Darryl Ward
Darryl Ward is the founder and director of Dismas International (FB Page), and is the New Zealand coordinator of Voices for Death Row Inmates. His website is

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