The territory has an area of 426 square miles on more than 200 islands and the mainland, and a population of 7 million. Approximately 43 percent of the population practices some form of religion. The two most prevalent religions are Buddhism and Taoism, which are often observed together in the same temple. According to the Home Affairs Bureau (HAB), the region is home to approximately 2 million Buddhists and Taoists; 350,000 Protestant Christians; 450,000 Roman Catholics; 250,000 Muslims; 40,000 Hindus; 10,000 Sikhs; 4,600 Jehovah's Witnesses; and 4,000 Jews. Confucianism is also prevalent in the HKSAR. Although few believers practiced Confucianism as a formal religion, Confucian ideas and social tenets were often blended together with Taoism and Buddhism. There are between 300 and 500 Falun Gong practitioners in Hong Kong.
There are approximately 600 Buddhist and Taoist temples, 800 Christian churches and chapels, 5 mosques, 4 synagogues, 1 Hindu temple, and 1 Sikh temple.
There are 1,400 Protestant congregations, representing 50 denominations. The largest Protestant denomination is the Baptist Church, followed by the Lutheran Church. Other major denominations include Seventh-day Adventists, Anglicans, Christian and Missionary Alliance groups, the Church of Christ in China, Methodists, Pentecostals, and the Salvation Army. The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (Mormons) is also present.
The Pope is recognized as the head of the Roman Catholic Church. A Bishop as well as priests, monks, and nuns serve Catholics and maintain links to the Vatican. Although still in Hong Kong, Cardinal Zen retired from his active role in the diocese. The diocese contains 52 parishes. The office of the assistant secretary general of the Federation of Asian Bishops' Conference is located in the HKSAR. The Catholic Church engages in a broad range of social service activities. It operates 6 hospitals, 14 clinics, 38 social centers, 18 hostels, 13 homes for the elderly, 20 rehabilitation centers, and 309 schools and kindergartens serving more than 250,000 children.