Mainstream Sikhs took issue with the level of reverence these two groups afforded their leaders, calling them "Guru" and thereby interfering with the doctrines of following only the ten authentic Gurus, the Guru Granth (scripture), and the Guru Panth (community). In the late 1970s, members of the above-mentioned Sant Nirankaris came into tension with other, more conservative elements of the Sikh community. Today, there is generally peaceful co-existence between these relatively minor groups and the mainstream community.

Study Questions:
1.     What issue repeatedly interfered in the succession process from one Guru to another?
2.     Who are the Nirankaris?
3.     Who founded the Namdharis and why?

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