Most of the spread of Taoism has occurred within immigrant communities. After the Communist takeover in 1949, the Chinese Nationalist government and many Chinese people fled to Taiwan, and Taoism, particularly Zhengyi Taoism, continues to thrive there. There are active Taoist groups in Singapore and Malaysia, and, to a lesser extent, in Hong Kong. In any country where there are a significant number of Chinese immigrants, there will be Taoist priests and practices, often mixed together with Buddhism and popular religion.
1. How did alchemy contribute to the spread of Taoism?
2. Why were Taoist rituals and texts instrumental to the rise of Taoism?
3. What can be said about the relationship between political oppression and the spread of Taoism?