Ramadan 2014 – Ramadan, Lunar and Solar Eclipses and Ahmadi Muslims

This article comes on Day 23 of our special Altmuslim/Patheos Muslim Ramadan #30Days30Writers blog project, in which we are showcasing the voices of 30 Muslim leaders, activists, scholars, writers, youth and more (one on each day of Ramadan) as part of our commitment to own our own narratives and show how we are one Ummah, many voices. To demonstrate how our Ramadan experiences are shared yet unique to each of us.

By Qasim Rashid

Despite the divisions and sectarianism in the Muslim world today, certain beliefs are still universal. For example, all Muslims believe that Prophet Muhammad is Khaatam un Nabiyyin. All Muslims believe the Quran is the perfect and final book, revealed by Allah to Prophet Muhammad. And all Muslims believe that the Quran was first revealed in the blessed month of Ramadan. (You might say that the Quran was Prophet Muhammad’s Laylatul Qadr).

And all Muslims agree that Prophet Muhammad was truthful in everything he said. Muslims believe that his prophecies were truthful as God Himself revealed to him matters of the future. And it is because of the prophecies of Prophet Muhammad that Ahmadi Muslims believe Mirza Ghulam Ahmad is the awaited Messiah and Mahdi.

For Ahmadi Muslims, Ramadan provides an additional proof of Prophet Muhammad’s truthfulness. Interestingly enough, this is a proof the rest of the Ummah either ignores, is unaware of, or consciously rejects.

This powerful proof I speak of is Prophet Muhammad’s prophecy of the eclipses. Both Sunni and Shi’a ahadith sources attest to this prophecy. Among Sunni sources, Dar Qutni records this well-known hadith, which advises Muslims of one of the irrefutable signs of the coming of Messiah and Mahdi.

حدثنا أبو سعيد الإصطخري ، ثنا محمد بن عبد الله بن نوفل ، ثنا عبيد بن يعيش، ثنا يونس بن بكير عن عمرو بن شمر عنجابر عن محمد بن عليقال : إن لمهدينا آيتين لم تكونا منذ خلق السماوات والأرض ينكسف القمر لأول ليلة من رمضان وتنكسف الشمس في النصف منه ولم تكونا منذخلق الله السموات والأرض.

The Prophet Muhammad (sa) said:

Surely for our Mahdī there are two signs. These have not happened since the creation of the heavens and the earth. The eclipse of the moon in the first night [out of the possible nights for an eclipse] in the month of Ramadan, and the eclipse of the sun in the halfway point of that [i.e. the middle day of the possible days of a solar eclipse in Ramadan]. And these signs have not occurred since the creation of the heavens and the earth.[1]

This is a profound prophecy for several reasons.

First, believer or not, Muslim or not, everyone must agree that it would have been impossible for the unlettered Prophet Muhammad to make this prophecy of an event over a thousand years in the future with absolute certainty and without the aid of any scientific instruments — and be accidentally correct.

Second, Prophet Muhammad put his reputation on the line. If he made the prophecy and it did not come true, it would cast his truthfulness into suspicion and doubt.

Third, this prophecy puts any claimant to the office of Messiah and Mahdi to the test. That is, if a person claims that God has commissioned him to be the foretold Messiah and Mahdi, and this prophecy is not fulfilled, then it is a clear sign that the claimant has fabricated his claim. Indeed many throughout history of claimed to be the awaited Mahdi, but only one stands out—Hazrat Mirza Ghulam Ahmad.

When Hazrat Mirza Ghulam Ahmad laid claim in 1891 to be that awaited Messiah and Mahdi foretold by Prophet Muhammad, his opponents mocked him that where were the promised eclipses to attest to his truthfulness? Hazrat Ahmad responded that the eclipses would happen with certainty only because Prophet Muhammad said they would happen.

The laws of astrophysics teach that the moon can eclipse on three possible days in Ramadan—the 13th, 14th, or 15th. The sun can eclipse on the 27th, 28th, and 29th. Thus, during Ramadan in 1894 the moon eclipsed on the 13thof Ramadan, i.e. the first of possible nights, and the sun eclipsed on the 28th of Ramadan, i.e the middle of possible nights — exactly as Prophet Muhammad foretold some 1300 years prior.

Critics object that such eclipses had occurred in Ramadan before. Certainly they had. But this does nothing to invalidate this prophecy as Prophet Muhammad said that the two eclipses would attest to the truthfulness of the Mahdi’s claim — thus a claimant had to first exist. And history records that never before had any person claimedprior to the eclipses that he was the awaited Messiah and Mahdi. Indeed, anyone could witness the eclipses and claim they were for him. Only one informed by God could make the declaration beforehand. And since the time Prophet Muhammad made this powerful prophecy, only Mirza Ghulam Ahmad stands out as in 1891 he laid claim as the awaited Messiah and Mahdi before such eclipses occurred in his lifetime. In fact, while the 1894 eclipses were witnessed in the Eastern hemisphere, in 1895 the Western hemisphere witnessed the same eclipses and hence the same fulfillment of Prophet Muhammad’s prophecy. Literally every person on Earth witnessed this powerful prophecy fulfilled.

Much more has been written on this subject, for example here and here. But in short, Ahmadi Muslims find this additional reason to rejoice every Ramadan. Not only are we grateful to have yet another fulfillment of Prophet Muhammad’s prophecies, yet another proof of Prophet Muhammad’s perfection and truthfulness, but we also rejoice that the Messiah and Mahdi that Prophet Muhammad foretold would come to revive Islam and reunite the Ummah, has come.

Thus, it is no coincidence that the Ahmadiyya Muslim Community, now in over 204 nations, is the world’s single largest Muslim organization united under one Imam, His Holiness the Khalifa of Islam, Mirza Masroor Ahmad. It should be no surprise that the Ahmadiyya Muslim Community is also the fastest growing sect in Islam. Muslims from all sects—Sunni, Shi’a, Nation of Islam, Ismaeli, and many others are peacefully uniting under this one flag of the Imam Mahdi and Messiah.

This success is Divinely blessed and due only to obedience to the Master Prophet Muhammad, as manifested again and again every year during the blessed month of Ramadan.

Qasim Rashid is an attorney and author of the #1 Amazon Best Seller on Islam, EXTREMIST. He’s a national spokesperson forAhmadiyya Muslim Community USA. Find him on Twitter @MuslimIQ and at facebook.com/TheWrongKindOfMuslim.

[1] (Sunan al-Dārqutnī, Vol. II, Bāb Siffat Salāt al-Khusūf wa al-Kusūf wa Hayta’humā [Chapter: Qualities of the Prayer at the Eclipses of the Sun and Moon, and other matters concerning these two], Kitāb al-’Īdayn [Book of the Two 'Īd Festivals], Hadīth #10 of the Chapter, and #1771 of the Volume).

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  • Pakistani

    The writer of this article put forward a sentence saying it as a
    Hadith (ماوات والأرض ينكسف القمر لأول ليلة من رمضان وتنكسف الشمس في
    النصف منه ولم تكونا منذخلق الله السموات والأرض)

    This is
    completely false as it is not a Hadith. I challenge that open the
    reference book “Dare-Qutni” and see it yourself; it is not a saying of
    Prophet Muhammad (Sallallaho Alaihe Wassallam).

    Whereas following is the authentic Haith of the Holy Prophet (Sallallaho Alaihe
    “Whoever intentionally attributes a lie against me, should prepare his seat in
    the Fire.”

    So please think!

    • The Truth

      Exactly! The mentioned text is not the saying of Prophet Muhammad (sa). Therefore all subsequent claims are void and fake.

    • jowhar

      He didn mention it as hadith

    • RUNMAD

      Actually that’s not the full Arabic. That’s provided here with a link to the original source: http://mysticscientist.wordpress.com/2013/09/14/sign-of-the-eclipses-for-the-imam-mahdi/

      • Pakistani

        Even this link proves that the claim made in this article on the basis of the given Arabic text is FALSE and completely baseless. Actually it is an attempt to make ordinary people fool, who are not aware of Arabic language.
        I bet and challenge that you can not prove this Arabic text as the saying of Holy Prophet Muhammad (sa). According to the arabic text given, it is merely a saying of “Muhammad bin Ali”.
        This is not the saying of Muhammad bin Abdullah (Muslims’ Prophet). Please open your eyes.

        And again read this following Hadith of Holy Prophet (sa) with open heart:
        “Whoever intentionally attributes a lie against me, should prepare his seat in the Fire.”

        • RUNMAD

          1. Take your own advice.

          2. The challenge stands and has stood for over a century but not a single person has accepted this challenge to disprove this hadidth’s truthfulness.

          3. The Hadith is in fact authentic and the moon and sun eclipsing as a latter day sign is something the Qur’an clearly attests to. “He asks: When will be the day of Resurrection? When the eye is dazzled, And the moon is eclipsed, And the sun and the moon are brought together, On that day man will say, whither to escape?” (Ch. 75: vs.7-11). The Hadith of Dare Qutani supports this interpretation and gives valuable details about the prophesied eclipses.

          4. Historians have long respected Dar Qutni but you seem to dismiss him as having many flaws. On the contrary history records otherwise. Hadhrat Ali Bin Umar Albaghdadi Ad Dare-Qutani, the compiler of the Hadith, was a very respected saint and was scrupulously careful in recording the saying of the Holy Prophet sa. Hadhrat Shah Abdul Aziz, Muhaddis of Delhi, another eminent elite of Islam, comments about Imam Dare-Qutani in his book Naubatul Fikr thus: “Imam Dare-Qutani once said, ‘O residents of Baghdad. do not even think that any narrator would be able to refer any false or incorrect statement to the Holy Prophet of Islam sa during my life time.’” Naubatul Fikr, (Footnote p.52).

          5. Historical scholars attest to the truthfulness of this hadith, even universally accepted scholars. For example, Shaykh Ahmad Sirhindī, also known as Mujaddid Alf Thānī (Centennial Reformer of the Second Millennium of Islām) and Imām Rabbānī, also narrated the sign of the eclipses being a sign for the true Imām al-Mahdī. He wrote:

          “During his [Mahdi's] reign, on the fourteenth of the Ramadan, a solar eclipse will occur. On the first of that month, the Moon will darken.” (Maktūbāt Imām Rabbānī – Letters of Imām Rabbānī, p. 380; Letters of Rabbānī, vol. 2, p. 1163)

          (If you’d like I can cite Shia scholars as well but it appears you are a Sunni Muslim as I am so we’ll stay on Sunni jurisprudence).

          6. Finally, The Messiah & Mahdi Syedna Hadhrat Mirza Ghulam Ahmad (as) for whom this sign was fulfilled, says:

          “If anyone from among the great Muhaddithīn have declared this Hadith to be Mawdhū‘ (fabricated) then present an action or statement of any Muhaddith who has written that this Hadith is Mawdhū‘. If then you are able to prove this Hadith to be Mawdhū‘ from any book of an illustrious Muhaddith then we shall immediately present to such a person a reward of 100 Rupees.” (Tuhfah Golarviyyah, Rūhānī Khazā’in (Spiritual Treasures) of Mirza Ghulam Ahmad, Volume 17, pp. 133-134).

          To date, while I can cite more scholars who have affirmed the veracity of this hadith as haven been spoken from the blessed mouth of our Master Prophet Muhammad(sa), NO ONE has been able to prove to the contrary. This is an absolutely true hadith and this is why Muslims worldwide regard it as another proof of the truthfulness of Prophet Muhammad(sa).

  • The Truth

    To know the reality of the claims made in this blog regarding the eclipse. Please refer to the following link. It will tell you the reality:

  • 4ever49

    This whole topic is important because???
    Just because someone built a story around a naturally occurring lunar event does not make it divine, mystical or anything else. It is sad to see so many supposedly educated people buying into an old war lord masquerading as divine.

  • Abd Ur-Raheem Al Amreekee

    The Ahmaddiya are either deceived or willful deceivers. The Messiah and the Mehdi are two separate people. The Messiah is none other than Christ Jesus the son of Mary. The Mehdi is from the tribe of Quraysh, leads the Muslim armies and establishes the capital of the Caliphate in Jerusalem.