Buddhism and Modern Psychology, a free Massive Open Online Course (MOOC), started yesterday. So far it is excellent, with Prof. Wright laying out some foundations of Buddhism, trying to narrow the scope of what is used with terms like supernatural (which is excluded) and secular (included) and science (the method of choosing which is which). He also gives overviews of a few psychology experiments that have proven relevant to Buddhist understandings of the first two noble truths.
Questions of rebirth are explicitly set aside. As too, I presume, are any Western psychology ideas that have failed to meet the demands of evidence (Freud and Jung come to mind).
The videos are around one hour in total and have short quizzes at the end. It’s free, it’s open to everyone, and regarding one of my ongoing research interests, I see that one of the discussion forum headings is: Wondering if any of the students approach Buddhism more as a philosophical stance than as a religion? (if you’re logged in, you can go right to it with that link).
In terms of how Buddhism is approached today, what do we call someone who does Buddhist practices such as meditation and accepts at least some main ideas from the tradition? In my own early education on Buddhism, I was taught that Buddhism has generally been a religion of orthopraxy, not orthodoxy, meaning that those who do the practices and agree to a given set of rules are ‘in’ while those who do not might be legitimately considered ‘out’.
Early on in India, Sautrantika monks (those who followed the sutras alone) could cohabitate with Pudgalavadins (those who believed that despite the anatman doctrine, that there still was a ‘person’ that existed as a real thing), and alongside both could have been monks and nuns who were reading and reproducing the earliest Mahayana texts.
Today there are some Western Buddhists who assert that you must believe in x to be a Buddhist. No doubt there is some precedent for this in Buddhism, but today this may in many cases be more due to Christian creedal influences.
The reason I ask the question above is because Owen Flanagan (Buddhism without Superstition…), who practices meditation and clearly has a deep appreciation for the philosophy of Tibetan Buddhism, seems to upset many of these Buddhists. And my guess is that Prof. Wright, who likewise espouses to have a meditation practice and appreciation of Buddhist teachings, will fall prey to the same ire or dismissal for finding ‘superstitious’ believes irrelevant.
Again, such ‘creedal’ turf-battles have played out in Buddhism in the past, especially when sect x thought that sect y’s beliefs led to immoraity.
Week 1: March 20
Lecture One: The Buddhist Diagnosis
- Introduction: Religious Buddhism and ‘Secular’ Buddhism
- Feelings and Illusions
- The First Two Noble Truths
- Evolutionary Psychology and the First Two Noble Truths