BREATHLESSAir expelled, Expected to return… Fleeting, fleeing Into the atmosphereCrystaline cloud In January Yet disappearing quickly, Gone where? Does air dissipate in air?‘And God breathed Into the earth creature Adam And he quickened’Into life Into lies Into living a lie His death knell Takes your breath away….Breath/wind/ spirit It’s all the same in Hebrew/Greek All invisible Indivisible Essential Quintessential.Breathing is involuntary Until we brea … [Read more...]

It’s Not Easy Being Green—- Green Theology


On the heels of his important book entitled The Bible and Ecology we now have a collection of essays by Richard Bauckham entitled Living with Other Creatures. Green Exegesis and Theology almost all of which have already appeared in journals over the last few years (with the exception of the opening and closing reflections of Richard in this book). The essays are diverse, dealing with both OT and NT texts and the basic thesis is simple--- while we have a vertical relationship with God (hence a … [Read more...]

A Dog Gone Graveyard


Many of you will be familiar with the now famous 'cave canem' (beware of the dog) mosaic found at the house of the Poet at Pompeii. Wealthy persons in the Greco-Roman world often had pet dogs, and we now have a new grave stele inscription to show just how beloved such animals were in antiquity amongst the socially elite. The inscription can be found in New Docs Vol. 10 (pp. 126-35) and reading "...after playing games with Stephanos, they were crying for him, having suddenly wasted away to … [Read more...]

Ship of Fools— World Party'Avarice and greed can't give you what you need, you may buy today, but you will pay tomorrow....take a ride on the ship of fools' … [Read more...]

Calling all Angels— Ancient Syncretistic Inscriptions


One of the things most notable to the student of Biblical literature is the vast increase in the interest in the demonic and the angelic during the inter-testamental and NT eras compared to what we find in the OT itself. But it was not just Jews or Christians who were naming and calling on angels. Pagans did this as well. J.R. Harrison presents us in New Documents Illustrating Early Christianity Vol. 10 with an interesting inscription found on a gem stone, dating to perhaps 150 or so A.D. The … [Read more...]

Paul, Ephesos, and the ‘grace of Augustus’


Another of the very helpful entries in New Docs. Vol. 10 involves and inscription from Ephesos/Ephesus and its explanation and implications spelled out by J.R. Harrison, one of the new editors of the series along with Stephen Llewelyn. The inscription is from about 22 B.C. and is found in both Latin and Greek. The Greek reads "By Caesar Augustus' grace (xapiti) from the sacred revenues which he himself freely gave to the goddess [Diana/Artemis] a road was laid under the proconsul Sextus … [Read more...]

An Invitation to the NT– Textbook Resources Rolled Out!


I am very pleased to announce that the online resources (tests, answers, a variety of online extra resources) are now available at the Oxford U. Press website for teachers who have adopted this text as a textbook, and they are excellent, saving teachers a lot of hard work. There are also lots of study questions and the like there as well. You can contact the OUP representative at (800) 280-0280 if/when you need access to the supplements. Here is a link to the book’s page ( … [Read more...]

What’s in a Name?— Onamasticons

BW0498- Synagogue Lentil - Corinth

One of the most important series of publications of primary sources translated into English that is of direct relevance to the study of the NT over the course of the last thirty plus years is New Documents Illustrating Early Christianity now stretching to ten volumes and having gone through many editors. Thankfully Eerdmans picked up the torch from Macquarrie University and has been providing us with splendid editions of these volumes.The series was the brain child of Edwin Judge and … [Read more...]

‘The Impossible’ Takes a Little Longer


Disaster movies are often tough to watch, especially ones that are based in actual events and tell the story of actual people in crisis. Sometimes the director gins up the drama, amplifies the disaster, focuses on the mayhem, and the human story gets swallowed up in a tidal wave of action.'The Impossible' directed by Juan Antonio Bayona is not like that. It is a sensitive portrayal of one particular family caught up in the tsunami of Dec. 26th 2011 that hit the coast of Thailand, arguably … [Read more...]