Were Adam and Eve Saved?

Bible scholars believe that Adam and Eve may have been saved, but others argue they were not. Does the Bible give us any indication?

The Fall

At one time, there was everything Adam and Eve could have wanted. All Adam had to do was to tend the garden, but when Eve was deceived by the Serpent, the innocence of mankind was lost forever, and it would be thousands of years later when the curse would be reversed by Jesus Christ Who redeemed us from the curse of the law by becoming a curse for us—for it is written, “Cursed is everyone who is hanged on a tree” (Gal 3:13). The fall would not be permanent…at least for those who repented and trusted in Christ. What had been eternal life was now a sentence of death. It was not immediate of course, but in time, even Adam and Eve would die. But were they saved? Will we see them in the kingdom?

The Covering

Adam sinned too because when Eve had eaten from the forbidden tree, he was right there with her and also ate (Gen 3:6-7), so they were now sinners…sinners who were separated by God like we were at one time by our sins (Isaiah 59:2). After Adam and Eve sinned, Scripture says, “the LORD God made for Adam and for his wife garments of skins and clothed them” (Gen 3:21). The Hebrew word used for garments is “kĕthoneth” and means “a covering” and comes from an unused root meaning “to cover,” and so it might sound like Adam and Eve were covered by God’s grace since sin required a blood sacrifice, and the animals blood had to be shed in order for God to make covering or clothing for them, however, “it is impossible for the blood of bulls and goats to take away sins” (Heb 10:4). The word for atonement and covering are very close in the Hebrew. The Hebrew word for atonement means “to cover, purge, or make reconciliation,” and the word for cover is “to cover” or “to have a covering,” but this is still not sufficient evidence that Adam and Eve were saved.

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Eve’s Expectations

Perhaps one clue might be that Eve expected a child from the Lord, saying, “I have gotten a man with the help of the Lord” (Gen 4:1), perhaps meaning that she thought their salvation could come from the Lord by means of the child, but as it turns out, Cain murdered his brother Abel, but Abel was certainly a believer as “Abel also brought of the firstborn of his flock and of their fat portions. And the Lord had regard for Abel and his offering” (Gen 4:4). At the least, Eve trusted the promise of God, and God accepted Abel’s sacrifice since he was in a right relationship with God, but there’s no word on Adam and Eve ever sacrificing. Maybe Abel was a shepherd because he offered sacrifices for himself and his family (including his parents), but this is no ironclad argument that Adam and Eve were saved by Abel’s sacrifice or God’s covering them with animal skins, however, since Abel had such a close relationship with God, it might seem logical to assume Eve did too, because she and Adam must have taught their boys about God. Even so, we cannot be dogmatic about that from these passages alone. We read about the so-called “heroes of the faith” in Hebrews 11, and Abel is mentioned, but there is no mention of Adam and Eve. Adam and Eve do appear in the lineage of Jesus Christ (Luke 3:38),

Adam and Eve

After Cain murdered Abel, “Adam knew his wife again, and she bore a son and called his name Seth, for she said, “God has appointed for me another offspring instead of Abel, for Cain killed him” (Gen 4:25), so once again we read of Eve trusting in the Lord who “appointed for [her] another offspring,” so she must have known the child was from God and by saying that, she must have trusted the sovereignty of God, but the Apostle Paul writes in a less-than-flattering way about Adam, writing, “Yet death reigned from Adam to Moses, even over those whose sinning was not like the transgression of Adam, who was a type of the one who was to come” (Rom 5:14), so Adam was the forerunner but failed to be the proper federal head of mankind. Was the contrast between man making their own coverings, where were temporary and an attempt to save themselves by works, and God Himself making them covering by shedding the blood on innocent animals, saying either; they were saved by God’s covering them or they weren’t saved because they tried to cover their own sins and there is no Scriptural evidence that they ask for God’s forgiveness and repented. Bible scholars see God’s sacrificing the animals for Adam and Eve’s sake as evidence that God covered them by His grace after the shedding of the animal’s blood, which foreshadowed the coming work of Christ on Calvary, shedding His blood for the removal of our sins. Sins are no longer covered…they are taken away, and by a supreme sacrifice which was necessary only once. The author of Hebrews writes that “every priest stands daily at his service, offering repeatedly the same sacrifices, which can never take away sins. But when Christ had offered for all time a single sacrifice for sins, he sat down at the right hand of God” (Heb 10:11-12).

Conclusion

Paul writes, “As in Adam all die, so also in Christ shall all be made alive” (1st Cor 15:22), so does this mean Adam died without faith in God along with his wife Eve? No, this passage applies to every person ever born of a father, and Jesus alone is the exception, not having a human father and inheriting the sin nature of mankind. Incidentally, we were all dead in our sins and it was only by the Spirit of God that were we made alive by God (Eph 2:1-2), so whether we see Adam and Eve in the kingdom is not as important as if you will be…or your relatives, your friends, or your co-workers. You’ll never know if Adam and Eve were saved if you’re not saved yourself. Settle that today… while it is still today (2nd Cor 6:2).

Article by Jack Wellman

Jack Wellman is Pastor of the Mulvane Brethren Church in Mulvane Kansas. Jack is host of Spiritual Fitness and also the Senior Writer at What Christians Want To Know whose mission is to equip, encourage, and energize Christians and to address questions about the believer’s daily walk with God and the Bible. You can follow Jack on Google Plus or check out his book Teaching Children the Gospel available on Amazon.

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  • Doug Barron

    Great article, Pastor Wellman!
    “By faith you are saved”. Adam and Eve had no works; they only had faith. They failed in thier earthly mission, as did all of the Patriarchs in thier pursuit of being pure on this earth. They only had faith. adam and Eave’s claim to fame was they were the ones who gave away the “deed to the farm”!
    But; though they failed in the flesh, they held fast to thier faith!
    Though they suffered temporal loss, they remained faithful. There is no record of them turning from thier faith. Only being stupid!
    In my life, I have been duped by the accuser so many times. But; Father is faithful! Adam was indeed the first. Jesus the second in flesh, but true in spirit. In Adam, Father showed that flesh alone does not reach completeness, but Jesus showed that in His comepleteness, we have hope and joy!
    I conclude that Adam and Eve are with Father today. Any thoughts?
    Shalom!

    • pud

      They did not exist lunatic

      • Evermyrtle

        All lunatics deny Adam and Eve as well as that, JESUS CHRIST and/OR GOD existed, wait until they meet THEM, that should be a good laugh for everybody who is not weeping!

        • pud

          Demonstrate that any of them exist other than in your head…waiting…come on…demonstrate the truth of your infantile claims…waiting

        • pud

          Explain to me the physics of speaking a universe into existence from nothing or fashioning a human from dirt….come on…don’t be shy….show off your intellect and SHOW how all the juvenile nonsense fantasy superstition you claim are actually true. I’m still waiting….Explain how the genetics of a whole species of apes called human could possibly come about from 2 magically made individuals…waiting…still waiting… Throw in some actual evidence for this “jesus” too while you’re at it…just one bit of actual evidence that doesn’t come from your story book…waiting…still waiting

        • Where was there any garden of Eden? No-one has discovered such a thing, so there probably wasn’t any Adam and Eve. These are mythical beings who are supposed to have lived in a mythical garden, Where is there any evidence for such a garden?

          By the way, by describing those who see no evidence for such a garden or for the existence of a unique first pair as “lunatics”, you are doing a wonderful job in turning people away from your faith.

        • James

          I will thank you. The story is a myth. Read what the Jews say about the story.

    • In Conservative Evangelicalism, Adam and Christ are assumed to be historical persons (Rom.5:12 ff.). The garden of Eden is assumed to be historical. Yet, modern science gives no indication that Adam and Eve were historical persons. Human origins are explained scientifically with the theory of evolution. Hence the story is not seen by others as historical but mythological.

      If the story is not historical (as claimed by Conservative Evangelicals) , then why is there any need for a Saviour? And if there is a need for a Saviour, why blood sacrifice to atone for sins? You do know that there was no punishment theory for sins in the church before Anslem’s Satisfaction theory of the atonement where God was pictured as a Feudal Lord whose honour needed to be satisfied by blood sacrifice.

      Later, the bloodthirsty John Calvin taught the penal-substitution theory of the atonement to which most Conservative Evangelicals subscribe.

      Now if there is no historical Adam and Eve, then there is no historical Fall and no need for a historical Redeemer? Do you agree?

      • Sam Andrew

        Good summary, in many ways the greatest disproof of most religious doctrines is the actual history of their development.

  • pud

    This clearly is THE most stupid essay you’ve ever composed!

    There was no adam and eve…If there was you would be a mutant from all the incestious inbreeding.

    “Paul writes, “As in Adam all die, so also in Christ shall all be made alive” (1st Cor 15:22), so does this mean Adam died without faith in God along with his wife Eve? No, this passage applies to every person ever born of a father, and Jesus alone is the exception, not having a human father and inheriting the sin nature of mankind.”

    Total gibberish. “paul” was a lunatic…a murderer…a psychotic who had visions. He wrote 3 letters filled with the rantings of a religious lunatic….and you model your entire life around such a person? Nuff said

  • pud

    Explain the physics behind the “shedding of blood”…waiting.

    Only some sick deranged lunatic could revere such insanity…sure you’re not part Aztec? They enjoyed a good sacrifice or two also. Sick

    • Sam Andrew

      It is a curiosity that so many disparate human cultures used blood in sacred rituals, from African tribes, to Celtic bog sacrifices…there may be no physics to it but there is certainly a strong cultural belief that the ‘life force’ resides in blood and can be extracted to feed other humans or deities. Of course now we know that blood is just particular type of biological fluid such beliefs that blood could have any kind of mystic power is utterly redundant.

      • Constance Thompson

        Why is it that nonbelievers try so desperately to sway the beliefs of people of faith? If you do not believe in such things, then why do you care? Do you have so little to do with your time that you troll around the internet in search of someone to pick apart? Aren’t you essentially being a bully of sorts??? Yes, you are! Our Father never demanded that you believe, he simply ask. And in return for your/our faithfulness, he gives us the reward of spending eternity with him. It’s a choice…if you choose not to, that’s your business and your freewill and I will continue to pray for you but I would never bully you for having your own opinions and beliefs. I myself, do find it easier to believe in our Father, the Creator (who breathed life into man via “willpower and dirt”) than to believe that this magnificent world and everything in it just evolved from an explosion or two with some evolving organisms over hundreds of millions of years. Hmmm, sounds kind of fishy to me but if you wanna believe it… sounds like Darwin might have been on a really good acid trip and went to his grave laughing his left cheek off over the playing the biggest hoax ever, on mankind. He never had anything provable to base his theory upon either (still not proven) but millions, including yourselves apparently have “faith” in his THEORY.
        Faith is believing in something that you cannot prove, you have nothing to base it on but you know…you feel it, down deep in your gut. But that’s just my opinion. Your free to believe what you want, and I promise not to call you a lunatic for believing in a THEORY/Hoax.
        Also, Pud… you seem to be relatively smart so if you know anything about physics…could you really look at the intricacies of the human body and genome and seriously say that we were not intricately designed by something, or someone? Seriously? It seems to me that you obviously have a curiosity about Christianity or you would never have taken the time to read the above essay. Or, maybe you are missing something in your life? Feeling alone, abandoned, maybe even feeling a huge void that you can’t seem to fill? Jesus loves you even when you don’t.

        • rtgmath

          Why do believers try so desperately to sway the opinions of people who do not believe the way they do? This is a conversation.

          Let me be clear. I do not mean to be unkind, but some things need to be said. I am glad these things were said to me at one point.

          My experience is that believers complain about the conversation when they perceive themselves to be on the losing end of the debate. They are perfectly happy to tell atheists and people who believe differently that they are going to hell, but they are unhappy when told why the beliefs touted don’t measure up.

          The big problem I see is that you really do not understand evn the first thing about evolution or physics. You accuse scientists of believing some wild things, but you don’t know what you are talking about, so you misrepresent them. Your information about them comes from people who misrepresent science.

          Why not ask questions with a view to understanding what they understand and why? If your faith is strong, the dialog will not hurt you. Understanding why they believe (or not) allows you to engage with them reasonably. You might, in such a conversation, be able to communicate your own faith and relationship with God more clearly. Perhaps you might even lead someone to faith.

          But you will never be successful if you refuse to understand where others are coming from, if you refuse the conversation. Even Paul said “I am become all things to all people, that by all means I might save some.”

          Is evolution (from a scientist’s perspective) worth learning about? Certainly. Is it worth mocking? Only if you hate people who understand it. Only if you hate yourself and wish to remain ignorant.

          I encourage you to converse. Ask questions. Be polite.

  • Rational Human

    Adam and Eve were thrown out of the garden and angels with flaming swords set as guards to the garden. So now that Google has satellite mapped every square inch of land on earth, where is the garden and the angels with flaming swords? ( “flaming swords”, huh? Sounds faaabulous!)

    First God is thwarted by iron chariots, now by Google. God fail.

  • Sam Andrew

    That’s some pretty extreme speculation…did two most likely metaphorical characters attain ‘salvation’ according to a doctrine that developed some 3+ thousand years after they supposedly lived….ultimately you could extend this kind of question to any pre crucifixion character, e.g. was John the Baptist saved based on having faith in Christ, was his sin covered by the blood he shed as he was beheaded….all seems a bit academic, a better question is do people need Christ/Jesus to be saved at all, and from what exactly. The Old Testament itself is fairly clear there is no Hell or other evil to be saved from, and that only Jews need to ‘return’ to their G-d through their actions, nothing to do with blood sacrifices, I can’t see where in the synoptics Jesus really goes against these clear themes?

  • CapHillChris

    This article reminded me of a question I’d been wondering about for a while, and I ask it in sincere hope of thoughtful response: Did Eve sin in the garden — at all? Whether she heard God’s command from God directly without it being recorded in the Bible, or heard it only from Adam (and slightly wrong), they partook of the fruit totally ignorant of good and evil, so wouldn’t holding that against them be as unjust as punishing a newborn for taking someone else’s candy? Once the fruit made them self-aware, Eve told God the plain truth about the incident (“the serpent deceived me,” full stop) while Adam unlovingly blamed her for his own decision, thus rendering his “bone of my bone” rhapsodizing of the previous day utterly meaningless. Might not saying “the woman made me do it” be the real Original Sin? Sad to say, it’s one that’s never lost its relevance.

    • pud

      It’s a ridiculous infantile question on a par with who reached the top of the hill first, Jack or Jill?

      • Judgeforyourself37

        Jack and Jill went up the hill.
        Silly Jill forgot her pill.
        So when they were done.
        They now have a son.

  • pud

    What is most disturbing about this lame essay is the fact that supposedly rational adults accept it as being a portrayal of actual reality when in fact it is as infantile as the “stork theory” of where babies come from.

    Children are easily satisfied with cartoonish explanations for life questions but to see so many grown adults mired in simplistic willful ignorance and to see them exhibit this level of gullibility in the 21st century is truly frightening.

    Rational adults do not settle for fairy tales, mythology and babyish explanations for complex questions..they demand and depend upon empirical evidence.. “Bigfoot” might be “an” explanation for those strange tracks seen on the trail but inventing a creature rather than examining the phenomenon is intellectually lazy and philosophically retarded. The idiot who sees strange lights in the sky and automatically ascribes them to alien space craft is operating at the exact same level as the religious lunatic explaining the origin of man coming from an invisible deity via will power and dirt. None of these made up explanations explain anything!

    The whole adam and eve story is self refuting with the application of a few spare brain cells. It is genetically impossible. It demands incest. And it indites the deity himself as he and he alone was responsible for everything that existed inside the heads of these two mythical characters! The deity was either not omnipotent or omniscient or he was totally incompetent! He wired the characters brains to do what they had no choice but to do, he created the temptation like a pathological parent, he created the serpent and yet he was totally shocked and enraged at the results! LOL The deity purposefully withheld critical programming from the minds of the garden dwelling characters so that they had no conception of good or evil and yet he punished them…and all their descendants!!!…for doing what they had absolutely no control over.

    Everything reads like a fable…like Greek mythology yet the indoctrinated delusional christian sees nothing odd about their acceptance of this even as they would quickly condemn a belief in the 12 labors of Hercules!

    One of the more goofy and far gone religious lunatics who often posts here sums up this mental illness so many grown adults suffer from when he refers to this deity as “Father” It is the perfect example to illustrate how mentally, the religious, have never grown up and still rely on and require a parental figure to provide them with infantile explanations that they are ill equip to explore on their own with reason and courage… Heavenly “Father”, “Father” christmas, “Father” time, the Fatherland….

    Truly frightening that these people still exist centuries removed from the Dark Ages

    • Sam Andrew

      “The idiot who sees strange lights in the sky and automatically ascribes them to alien space craft is operating at the exact same level as the religious lunatic explaining the origin of man coming from an invisible deity via will power and dirt”

      To be fair there is at least a non-zero chance of it actually being aliens…in that sense they are one up on people who belief in clay to carbon transformations….

      • pud

        MAGIC!

  • pud

    “Bible Scholars”…LOL What do “Harry Potter Scholars” say of Hogwarts? or “Lord of the Rings Scholars” say about Middle Earth?

  • Hanna

    Great Article!
    I love how you pointed out that making sure our own salvation is in line is more important on knowing whether or not Adam and Eve’s was. “You’ll never know if Adam and Eve were saved if you’re not saved yourself.” LOL!! SO TRUE!! Loved the way this article ended.

    • Jack Wellman

      thank you so much Hannah.

    • pud

      How can anyone be this stupid?

  • Satanic_Panic

    Considering that “adam” and “eve” didn’t actually exist, the question isn’t even wrong and it is beyond stupid.

  • pud

    Explain all of this lunatics…It’s the perfect example of a rational evidence based actual scientist vs. a scatter brained religious lunatic and liar….watch it…decide for yourself who’s the mental case

    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tul_F9sY-Rk

  • Benny S.

    “Paul writes, “As in Adam all die, so also in Christ shall all be made alive” (1st Cor 15:22) …. this passage applies to every person ever born of a father, and Jesus alone is the exception….”

    Hence, all pre-borns, newborns, toddlers, and young children who aren’t covered under the blood of Christ when they die at a very young age — because they never knowingly, willingly, and personally accepted Christ as their savior — will be separated from God for all eternity???

  • rtgmath

    I understand the question. However, the article seems weak, uncertain. There are better approaches. Context is everything.

    Remember, there was no gospel. There was no warning of hell eternal. There was no promise of heaven, either. There was no “salvation” or “savior.” There was only relationship with God. All God said was, “In the very day you eat of that tree, you will surely die.” And they didn’t die. Not in that day. Not in the days to come. Not for hundreds of years, according to the Bible. In all the Old Testament you will not find any hint of eternal torture in hell or eternal bliss in heaven — quite a lapse, if those things actually applied.

    God treated them as children, growing up to make their own decisions. They were expelled from the garden where everything was provided, and they had to make their way in the world — as the creation story tells us they were intended to in the first place! You cannot fill and nurture the earth if you remain living at home in the garden.

    To ask whether they were “saved” is foolish. That is applying a New Testament concept where it does not belong. Adam and Eve were created by God, and continued to belong to God. He was the Parent. Good parents do not kill their children, no matter what they might threaten. And the Scriptures show that.

  • pud

    What about Homo Habilis? 1.5 million years ago they were tool makers and lived in organized groups….were they saved? Apparently not! Oooops! There goes another species as gentle jesus meek and mild kicks back with a celestial beer and watches them suffer for a million or so years.

  • Judgeforyourself37

    Think about it. Adam and Eve never existed. If they did and had two sons, one of whom killed the other, how did the race continue???? Some nasty incest would have happened. A myth, my friends, a myth.
    Now, go back to high school and read up on evolution, it will cleanse your mind.

  • Paperboy_73

    It must have been pretty awkward for Adam and Eve being naked and chatting with God while the early stages of the Egyptian empire were underway just down the road.