Sodom & Gomorrah – A Story About Us (and not for the reasons you think)

sodom_gomorrah

On election day in 2012, I received an e-mail from someone who had been my friend for 16 years. He had been growing dismayed with the changes I went through during my 4 years at Gordon-Conwell Theological Seminary, especially my new-found passion for biblical social justice, my advocacy for the poor, and my defense of immigrants. Having spent years wrestling with scripture at seminary and working that out within the context of a community of believers, I broke with conservative politics for the first time in my life, and voted to re-elect Barack Obama. This, clearly, was the last straw in what I thought was a life-long friendship.

In part, his e-mail said to me:

“I fear that you have become hardened and do not view sin as God does… by rationalizing or hiding behind “social justice” you are watering down the holiness expected if  [sic] us by a Holy God…

“You may not believe me, but I love you deeply Ben. I am so proud how you adopted the girls and are providing a loving home. I am so disappointed, however, in your drastic turn in recent years to the radical views I outlined above…”

“Please I beg you to examine your heart. To support a man who advocates sins so grave shows a huge chasm in your understanding of the bible and the very heart of God.”

And, he gently and lovingly closed the e-mail with:

“You’ve been warned brother.”

As I finished reading it, I realized he got one thing correct in my errant rebuke: I didn’t believe him when he said that he “loved me deeply”, because love looks so very different.

His reference of “sins so grave”, was the sin of “sodomy”, which he claims Obama is guilty of (via his support of Gay Marriage). This caused me to realize that in American Christianity, we have completely lost sight of the biblical sin of sodomy– which in the Bible, had a completely different meaning than what it does now. In fact, the story of Sodom & Gomorrah isn’t even about what you think it’s about. It is chronically misused by those who conveniently leave off the whole story, and no one so much as slightly challenges the exegesis- even though a correct exegesis of this part of scripture is incredibly applicable for American Christianity today.

I remember learning the story of Sodom and Gomorrah in Sunday School and can still picture in my mind the brightly colored paper cutouts of the gay people of Sodom who marched across the green felt-board wanting nothing more than to have gay sex with the angels, and remember my well-meaning Sunday School teacher having a birds-and-the-bees conversation about what the term that we may know them really means. And so, good little boys and girls grow up to be men and women who make the crucial mistake of thinking this is a story about “them” and “not us”.

Anytime we can take a biblical story and reduce it to being about someone else, we’re in trouble.

The Bible is a story about us.

As a result, the Hebrew story of Sodom and Gomorrah is often a quick go-to story for folks looking for a biblical argument against modern sexual issues in our culture. Bryan Fischer from the certified hate-group the American Family Association, recently claimed that we will be “bull rushing toward Gomorrah at warp-speed” if the Supreme Court overturns the Defense of Marriage Act. His comments can be see here:

This story has been profoundly misunderstood by generations of well intentioned people. Unfortunately, the result is that we have completely focused on an application for “them” and have totally missed that it’s really a story about us.

One of the principles of biblical hermeneutics is the principle which states scripture is best interpreted in light of other scripture. Following this principle, we look towards what else scripture has to say about the sin of Sodom, and find mention of it in many other locations in scripture which shed light on their sin. As we do, it’s surprising what we find further in the Old Testament:

In Isaiah, chapter 1, God compares Judah and Jerusalem to Sodom and Gomorrah and laments at their hollow religious activity in a similar fashion to the lament found in Amos 5. In verse 17, he reveals that he’s angry at them because they are a religious people but they are failing to do justice, encourage the oppressed, defending the cause of the fatherless or fighting for the rights of widows. In short, God is saying: “you are religious and greedy, just like Sodom.”

In Jeremiah 23, God says that Israel is “as wicked as Sodom and Gomorrah” because their religious leaders had bad character, they were unfaithful in their marriages, and the culture had become dishonest. In Matthew and Luke Jesus mentions Sodom in the context of a lack of hospitality to strangers, 2 Peter states they were ungodly and lawless, and Jude mentions their condemnation for wanting to gang-rape angels, AKA, “strange flesh” (σαρκὸς ἑτέρας) [1. there is healthy debate on the best way to translate σαρκὸς ἑτέρας which literally means "strange flesh" In my opinion, gang-raping angels who were created different than humans, would seem to make sense of the term] .

However, the most direct reference regarding the sin of Sodom in the Bible,  is what helps us no longer view this story as being about someone else:

Ezekiel 16

49 “‘Now this was the sin of your sister Sodom: She and her daughters were arrogant, overfed and unconcerned; they did not help the poor and needy. 50 They were haughty and did detestable things before me. Therefore I did away with them as you have seen.”

Here we have it…

Sodom was arrogant.

Sodom was overfed.

Sodom was unconcerned for the poor and needy.

Sodom was disdainfully proud (haughty).

Sodom was…

Like us.

Like America.

And in this, we discover that this is not a story about them, but rather, this is a story about us.

Am I saying that the sins of Sodom are absent sexual immorality? Certainly not. Please don’t misread this post. The point of this article is that too often, we find a story of sin and judgement and find a way to make it about them when really it includes us.

The story of Sodom, includes us. Their sins are our sins.

We are arrogant and haughty.

We don’t like the word arrogant, so instead we use a term called “American Exceptionalism” to express how different and special we are. [2. You can even study it at a Christian college, here] During the Presidential Elections, I was disgusted by the nationalistic arrogance expressed by both candidates. I cringed as I heard President Obama say that “America is the greatest country on earth”, and wanted to yell “heretic” when I heard Romney say that America was “the hope of the earth.” [3. http://www.thedailybeast.com/cheats/2012/10/22/romney-u-s-is-hope-of-the-earth.html]

As a world traveler, I learned early on that Americans are perceived as “rich, loud, and proud” by the rest of the world, and this is not an unwarranted stereotype.

We are overfed.

While 870 million people go hungry in the world and early 5 million children die every year due to malnutrition, America throws nearly half our food in the trash.

We have more food than we know what to do with, so we toss it away at a rate of 400lbs per person, per year.

We live in the country of “bigger and better” while 1 of 4 children in the world is stunted due to lack of healthy food.

We are unconcerned for the poor and needy.

This isn’t to say that we’re not concerned at all; I know a lot of Americans who do great things for the poor and needy among us and around the world.

However, as a culture, we are not nearly as concerned as we should be and far too many of us are concerned only for ourselves. Just look at the cultural shift which has occurred in our nation in the past few years with the birth of the Tea Party– a party who’s basic platform is: “leave me alone and get your damn hands off my money”. As Americans, we want what is ours. We are intoxicated with protecting our money and our “rights.” While the rest of the world is living on dollars a day, eating two bowls of rice and having to drink water tainted with human feces, we’re concerned with making sure that our pizza arrives hot enough, that we get a great parking spot at the mall, and advocating to ensure we don’t have to wait for a background check before we buy our assault weapons.

We fight against ensuring the poorest among us have access to healthcare, so that we can keep more of what’s “ours”.

As I write this, the US House of Representatives is pending a vote to cut $20 billion from the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program, which would put nearly 2 million people off a program designed to help them out of poverty. Meanwhile, we have no problem with runaway military budgets, over-the-top executive salaries, unscrupulous lending practices, and tax reductions which tend to benefit the wealthy.

We might not all be unconcerned, but a good portion of American culture is unconcerned– just like Sodom.

As followers of Jesus, we must repent.

We must repent of seeing uncomfortable stories of sin and judgement… and making the story about someone else, before allowing it to be about us.

We must repent of our nationalistic arrogance, and our false notions that we are somehow better than other human beings, or more exceptional than any other nation in history.

We must repent of being overfed, and unconcerned for the poor and needy.

The invitation of Jesus invites us to do something different… so very different.

We are invited to be humble… to give… to serve… to be… like Jesus.

Bryan Fischer was wrong to say we’re “bull rushing toward Sodom at warp-speed”, but not for the reasons he thinks.

His mistake was failing to realize we are already there.

___________

Go a little deeper on the issue with Greg Boyd, who’s basically one of the smartest people I know.

___________

About Benjamin L. Corey

Benjamin L. Corey, is an Anabaptist author, speaker, and blogger. He is a two-time graduate of Gordon-Conwell Theological Seminary (Theology & Missiology), is currently a 3rd year Doctor of Missiology student (a subset of practical theology) at Fuller Seminary, and is a member of the Phi Alpha Chi Honors Society. His first book, Undiluted: Rediscovering the Radical Message of Jesus, is available now at your local bookstore. He is also a contributor for Time, Sojourners, Red Letter Christians, Evangelicals for Social Action, Mennonite World Review, has been a guest on Huffington Post Live, and is one of the CANA Initiators. Ben is also a syndicated author for MennoNerds, a collective of Mennonite and Anabaptist writers. Ben is also co-host of That God Show with Matthew Paul Turner. Ben lives in Auburn, Maine with his wife Tracy and his daughter Johanna.

You can also follow him on Facebook and Twitter.

  • http://www.progressivechristianitybook.com Roger Wolsey

    Indeed, we all struggle with sodomy. Here’s how I describe it:

    http://www.patheos.com/blogs/faithforward/2012/02/mardi-gras-dont-be-a-sodomite/

  • http://www.formerlyfundie.com Benjamin L. Corey

    Roger- that’s a great piece. Thanks for sharing it!

  • Kevin

    Jude 1:7 also specifically talks about Sodom, referring to the sexual immorality. If I may, i suggest that you may be misrepresenting what the Bible says about Sodom by completely ignoring this aspect. I agree with your overall point that America is arrogant, unconcerned about the poor, etc. But if you’re going to make a point about interpreting scripture with scripture, it seems to me you should include as many references as possible.

  • http://www.formerlyfundie.com Benjamin L. Corey

    Kevin- Thanks for the comment. If you’ll note in the article, it does address the Jude reference, even the literal Greek. Below that, I affirm that sexual immorality was part of the issue, so I don’t feel I have completely ignored the issue but rather have attempted to make an honest exegesis of what the whole of the text reveals. My overall point, is that one sin gets elevated over other sins, and that this causes us to view the “moral of the story” as pertaining to someone else, instead of us.

  • Dave

    Ben, thanks for this great post. I read another good post that dovetails nicely with yours… here it is… http://www.aholyexperience.com/2013/06/a-letter-to-the-north-american-church-because-it-is-time/

  • ~Sil in Corea

    It is no wonder to me that people in other lands think of us as “ugly Americans.” I can’t condone violence, but I surely can understand their anger. When we start to practice what Jesus taught, there will be a seismic shift (metaphorically speaking) in world opinion and world-wide caritas.

  • http://emerginganabaptist.com Ryan Robinson

    So very true. The Sodom story really says absolutely nothing about the sinfulness or not of homosexuality. Even the part about them raping the angels is expressed as being sinful because of the lack of hospitality to strangers, a really big deal in the Ancient Near East, not because the angels were also men. The Prophets, the Law, Jesus, the epistle writers, all consistently decry the kind of things you’re talking about here and rarely if ever (depending on translation bias) talk about consensual homosexuality. If our priorities are truly biblical, why are we so obsessed with something that is rarely if ever mentioned but don’t talk about the things mentioned thousands of times? The short answer is that it doesn’t apply to the majority of us, so it is easy to play judgement games against that minority without worrying about following Jesus ourselves.

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  • Alex

    You make valid points, but I think that is wisest to rely on the Holy Spirit with scripture to make choices in political votes. There always seems to be a gray in a biblical exhortation to choose either cold or hot, but the Holy Spirit knows best. I’d even go so far as to say that He will even help us decide whether abortion in ectopic pregancies or vast health complications in the fetus is wise or not. God has answers to all human wisdom, which usually tend to be completely beside human logic. Choosing the republican party simply because they are against abortion and gay marriage yet neglect the points you’ve mentioned above is as close to being lukewarm as choosing the democratic party for said points. In my humble opinion, I believe that the body of believers irrespective of denomination, belief systems, and even doctrine need to come together in purity and holiness. We need the church because we all have different callings and annointings in life. The businessmen, missionaries, film makers, lawyers all need to seek Jesus in their lives and seek change in this lifetime to hasten the coming of the Lord as mentioned in Revelation. Jesus is the Lord above all lords in this age, and He can do miraculous things.

    God is transcendent, beyond all things as described in 1 Tim. 6:16: “who alone has immortality, dwelling in unapproachable light, whom no man has seen or can see, to whom be honor and everlasting power. Amen.”

  • gimpi1

    Wow, someone who actually read the Bible for content, not just to find a verse or two to prop up their position. Well done. The odd obsession conservative Christianity has over sexual matters at the moment is both new and not terribly flattering.

    As an example, Alex above talks about “aborting” in ectopic pregnancy. Even 5 years ago, almost no one would have regarded treating an ectopic pregnancy as an abortion. The fetus has no chance of survival. The pregnant woman could easily die. This was regarded as a no-brainer. What changed? This kind of thing makes me glad I’m menopausal.

    People seem to be becoming more extreme on such issues, does anyone know why?

  • Lance

    “People seem to be becoming more extreme on such issues, does anyone know why?” Gimpi1, it is about power and money and has very little to do with Jesus, scripture, etc. One access to poliical power and its handmaiden, money, is to use religion as a tool. Right now abortion and homosexuality are certain ways to raise lots of money, and that money buys electorates in an increasingly complex world where people grasp at emotional appeals when they don’t have the time or the access to education needed to grasp the growing complexity of a truly amazing 13.8 billion year old universe!

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  • Roy Holm

    I was just thinking about the food crisis and the slashing of SNAP and other food stamp programs. Ben if I may post non-profit link. This foodbank NYC, which has a petition form for representatives of all districts in the US and also for expats. But you can go a step further. Look up their volunteer and donation needs! This is the easiest and quickest way to put “boots on the ground”. Sharing your meals with anyone, even in your darkest corner of vile, can make one more smile happen. Its worth it! DO IT!

    http://www.foodbanknyc.org/how-you-can-help/advocacy

  • moral soldier

    God destroyed Sodom and Gomorrah because of homosexuality. Period.

  • Ron Nielsen

    I have not found in any of the Bible stories involving sex, a clear condemnation of the sex seperately from the violence. Given the fact the Jesus never condemned anyone for any kind of sex act, not even the woman caught in the very act of adultry, Mary the prostitute, the woman at the well, or the two paralyzed men, (presumably paralysed by syphilus). I am inclined to think that the real problem in the stories is the violence, not the sex.

    Judging from Jesus response to those who did condemn the sexual acts, I would have to say that God has a very tender heart toward those whose sin starts with love that goes astray, compared to those whose sin starts with righteousness that goes astray.


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