Peter’s Toes

In the Middle Ages, pilgrims who made the arduous trip to Rome to visit St. Peter’s Basilica gazed with fondness and awe upon a larger-than-life bronze statue of St. Peter.  The statue, sculpted by Arnolfo di Cambio in the 13th century, depicted the first pope—his right hand extended to confer a blessing, while his left hand clutched the keys of the Kingdom, holding them close to his heart.

But for many pilgrims who snaked, single-file, into the great Basilica, it was Peter’s feet that captured their attention.  Mounted, as he was, on a tall alabaster pedestal, the feet were at eye-level for travelers; and medieval pilgrims would fervently kiss or at least rub the right foot, which was extended forward from the pedestal—at the same time offering a prayer to St. Peter to be merciful and open the heavenly gates for them, if they should die while on the pilgrimage.  So many pilgrims revered the bronze toes, in fact, that the statue has been worn down.

Floor plan of St. Peter’s Basilica, showing the spot (red dot) where St. Peter’s statue can be found.

In 1871, St. Peter was given a grand backdrop:  A red and gold mosaic, resembling heavy brocade draperies, was mounted behind him.  A mosaic medallion of Pope Pius IX, the first pope since Peter to reign for more than 25 years, was installed above his head on the pillar.

Visitors who are in Rome on June 29, the Solemnity of Sts. Peter and Paul, are treated to another surprise:  The statue is vested in an amice, alb, tiara, stole, red cope and a papal ring.

  • Felix

    Not just medieval pilgrims. I kissed or touched St Peter’s foot.

  • Hieronymus

    I have read somewhere that the right foot of this statue has been replaced more than once due to the wear…

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  • JIMW

    The one time I was able to visit St. Peter’s, many, many years ago, I remember vividly rubbing the foot. The statue was all tarnished except for the right foot.
    Funny how we humans remember certain things.

    • heavenly1

      And didn’t you love being part of that long chain of believers who have, for hundreds of years, processed past that statue?

  • Bernadette

    How does that reconcile with the commandment against graven images?