Did Jesus’ Disciples Hear Him Pray in Gethsamane?

I just finished reading Gunther Bornkamm’s classic book, Jesus of Nazareth (orig. Ger. ed 1956; 3rd ET ed. 1959). I think it is a good book. Bornkamm was a German historical-critical Jesus researcher, so he didn’t have as conservative of a view of the New Testament (NT) as I do. I think historical-critical Jesus researchers often present material that is enlightening about Jesus in accordance with the NT. However, I find that these scholars are sometimes overly zealous to render… Read more

Many Evangelicals Want Muslims Banned from U.S.

On Monday, the U.S. Supreme Court temporarily ruled in favor of President Donald Trump’s revised executive order banning Muslims traveling from six predominantly Muslim, Arab states to the U.S. These states are Iran, Syria, Libya, Sudan, Somalia, and Yemen. Muslims from these countries who have a relationship with a U.S. citizen will be allowed into the U.S. The High Court will hear this travel ban order in October. Noticeably exempt from this travel ban is Saudi Arabia. Yet 15 of… Read more

The Bauer Thesis Is Being Challenged

This post is a very brief review of two books whose titles begin, Orthodoxy and Heresy. The most important, scholarly book about Jesus published in the 2oth century was Albert Schweitzer’s The Quest of the Historical Jesus (1906). The most important, scholarly book about Christian Origins published in the 20th century was Walter Bauer’s Orthodoxy and Heresy in Earliest Christianity (1934). Both of these scholars were German, and these two books were first published in the German language. Surprisingly, Bauer’s… Read more

Trump Is a Disgrace to the U.S. Presidency

Donald Trump needs to go. The man never was fit to be president of the USA, the most important job in the world. And it’s not just because he may have colluded with the Russians in order to thwart our election process to gain the White House. President Trump still watches television to see what people are saying about him. Doesn’t he have better things to do? The man is psychologically impaired as a narcissist. That is not my opinion… Read more

Our Sun and Moon Disprove the Trinity

During antiquity, the nations worshiped many gods. They often worshipped the sun, moon, and stars as gods. The Apostle Paul says “they exchanged the truth about God for a lie and worshiped and served the creature rather than the Creator” (Romans 1.25). That is why God chose Israel to be a testimony to these polytheistic nations round about. He instructed the Israelites not to fall into the trap of worshiping creation rather than him as its Creator. Thus, some biblical… Read more

Is the Church Doctrine of the Trinity in the New Testament?

Christology developed in the early centuries of Christianity. Church fathers believed that Jesus was God, but to a lesser extent than the Father was, and that Jesus’ divinity was derived from the Father. Also, they had no consensus about the Holy Spirit. But all of this changed during the 4th century. In 325, the Catholic Church’s first ecumenical council, at Nicaea, officially declared that Jesus was fully God just as the Father is. Yet they did not come to a… Read more

Is Jesus God in Other Pauline Texts?

Most traditionalist New Testament (NT) scholars cite only the following texts in the Apostle Paul’s letters to support their belief that Jesus is God: Romans 9.5, Philippians 2.6-11, 1 Timothy 2.5, and Titus 2.13. But some include other minor Pauline texts. Many Christians have thought that 2 Corinthians 8.9 implies an incarnation. It reads, “For you know the grace of our Lord Jesus Christ, that though He was rich, yet for our sakes He became poor, that you through His… Read more

When Paul Quotes the Shema, Does He Mean Jesus Is “God”?

Saul of Tarsus was a Jewish religious zealot who opposed the new Jesus Movement. He was going about trying to get Jewish Christians arrested and thrown into prison. On his way from Jerusalem to Damascus to do just that, he had a vision that cause him to dramatically convert to faith in Jesus (Acts 9.1-19; 22.3-21; 26.4-18). After that, as the Apostle Paul, this indefatigable worker had a most profound impact on Christianity. He traveled as a missionary throughout much… Read more

Is Jesus God in Acts 20.28?

Church fathers cited Acts 20.28 as an important New Testament (NT) text which supported their belief that Jesus was God. Some traditionalist Christians still do; but in recent times, their scholars have abandoned it as a support for Christ’s deity. Luke relates that the Apostle Paul was journeying to Jerusalem when he met with the elders of the church at Ephesus. He said to them, “Be on guard for yourselves and for all the flock, among which the Holy Spirit… Read more

Jordan Spieth Wins Travelers Championship

Twenty-four year old,Texan, superstar, professional golfer Jordan Spieth just pulled off a sensational victory minutes ago. He won the Travelers Championship golf tournament on the PGA Tour at TPC River Highlands in Cromwell, Connecticut by defeating twenty-four year old Daniel Berger in the first playoff hole, on #18, with a hole-out from a sand bunker in front of the green for a birdie three. Berger then putted from just off the green about sixty feet away and came close, but… Read more

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