The Christological Confusion of Chalcedon

The Bible tells us Jesus of Nazareth was a man who was tempted by Satan, suffered persecution, and died. But the church of later generations said Jesus was and is also God. Thus, Jesus is a God man, 100 percent God and 100 percent human.Yet the Bible says, "God cannot be tempted by evil" (James 1.13). And it also says God is "immortal" (1 Timothy 1.17; 6.16), so that he cannot die. How can Jesus be God when he was really tempted by Satan and Jesus literally died?In 451, the Catholic … [Read more...]

List of All My Posts About Jesus Not Being God in the Bible

(Search the following posts in Archive Index as to date (or Categories/Christology). Bible texts treated mostly in these posts are appended in bold. All scriptures on my blog are from the NRSV unless otherwise noted. Most of these posts are two-three pages in length that represent condensations of my book The Restitution of Jesus Christ. So far it is available only as a printed book at my website Also, see my website that is dedicated solely to this b … [Read more...]

I Like Pope Francis, But Will He Like to Toss Me Out on My Ear?

I like this 266th pope--Pope Francis. Who doesn't? He seems to be the best pope in my lifetime. He's a very warm, friendly person. He's smart and well-educated. He advocates strongly for the poor.After all, how can you not like a guy who used to be a bouncer in a South American nightclub who became the pope. BTW, I wonder if he ever bounced anyone out on ear. If he did, he probably smiled at the guy as he tossed him out.And consider Pope Francis' humility. Everywhere he goes he asks … [Read more...]

Why Do I Write So Tiny?

Recently, someone saw my writing and exclaimed, "Wow, that is such tiny writing? Why do you do that?" Once in while, someone says that to me. I haven't always had an answer for them. I answered this person by saying, "I guess I try to conserve on paper." Actually, that's not the right answer.Then, does it signify some psychological deficiency in me? Such as, am I too stingy? I don't think so. I'm a decent tipper. I give to the Lord's work. But I probably have been a bit stingy when I was … [Read more...]

Is God Incorporeal or Not?

The word "corporeal" is usually understood as referring to the physical body of a human being, especially as distinguished from the nonmaterial spirit of a human being. The word "incorporeal" is usually understood as nonphysical or nonmaterial. Thus, orthodox Christian theology asserts that God is incorporeal, meaning he does not consist of physical.Before we go any further, we must answer the question, Who is God? I believe the God of the Bible, the God of Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob, is YHWH … [Read more...]

Praying for a “Breakthrough”

For several years, I've been praying that God would give me a "breakthrough book." That has been my exact expression. Sometimes, I would say only the word "breakthrough," referring to a book. God knew what I meant. Why was I praying that?I made a decision long ago to try to become an author of theological books. From the human viewpoint, it was a crazy decision. My fulltime career as a pro golfer on the PGA Tour was coming to an end, in 1982. What was I going to do for work? I had four … [Read more...]

Who or What is Daniel’s Son of Man?

One of my favorite Bible texts is Daniel 7.13-14. In the ESV it reads: "I saw in the night visions, and behold, with the clouds of heaven there came one like a son of man, and he came to the Ancient of Days and was presented before him. And to him was given dominion and glory and a kingdom that all peoples, nations, and languages should serve him; his dominion is an everlasting dominion, which shall not pass away, and his kingdom one that shall not be destroyed." This text is the only place in … [Read more...]

Was Jesus Making Himself God?

The Gospel of John records a narrative in which Jesus' Jewish interlocutors accused him of "making yourself God" (John 10.33 NRSV and throughout). This is one of two texts in this gospel that traditionalist Christians cite to support that Jesus was God, the other being John 5.18. But they misinterpret both texts by claiming that these accusations were true of Jesus--saying he indeed was "making himself equal to God" (5.18) and making himself God (10.33). On the contrary, in both texts the author … [Read more...]