This comprehensive report explores the impact of ideology on American Foreign Policy. It identifies five schools of thought that shape US policy in the Muslim World — conservative, neoconservative, realist, liberal and progressive. The report unpacks the assumptions that each school of thought makes about Islam and Muslim politics and identifies the policy recommendations that they make. The report examines how Presidents George W. bush, Barrack H. Obama and Donald J. Trump drank from this reservoir where ideology and politics, knowledge and power mix. Finally the report recommends a paradigmatic combination to guide US foreign policy that will safeguard American interests in the Muslim World.