TF: Tribulation baggers

Tribulation Force, pp. 229-231

Before Left Behind there was Hal Lindsey. His 1970s best-sellers — The Late Great Planet Earth and There's a New World Coming — were just as big a publishing phenomenon, selling millions of copies even without the aid of distribution through the mainstream outlets like Walmart and Barnes & Noble that helped boost sales of the Left Behind series.

Lindsey, a former tugboat captain turned prophecy expert at Dallas Theological Seminary, popularized premillennial dispensationalism and its insistence that Daniel and Revelation laid out a prophetic check list for the very near future. Lindsey's particular prophecies haven't aged well over the passage of time that he hadn't expected to continue passing. The end of the Cold War, which formed the basis for many of his predictions, makes his books today seem like a relic. (The 1980's: Countdown to Armageddon is, like most books with "The 1980s" in the title, now out of print.)

But Lindsey's runaway best-sellers remain influential. The broad outlines of what many people now "know" about the book of Revelation and what it teaches tends to be what Hal Lindsey injected into American popular culture. His books provided the template that subsequent PMD prophets have followed. Lindsey's assumptions and presumptions and wild guesses were absorbed as conventional wisdom that came to shape the "prophecy scholarship" of those who followed him.

CoverMarketing01 Tim LaHaye wouldn't likely classify himself as one of those who followed Lindsey into the Bible prophecy business since he was, to an extent, preaching about this stuff before Lindsey's books made a splash. But LaHaye's first books on the subject — The Beginning of the End (1972) and Revelation: Illustrated and Made Plain (1973) — were both published after Lindsey's late, great best-seller as part of the effort to cash in on the phenomenon he had started. The various cover-designs shown here to the right illustrate how LaHaye's publishers once sought to capitalize on Lindsey's success, and how Lindsey's publishers are now returning the favor.

It's difficult for LaHaye or any other supposed prophecy expert to acknowledge Lindsey's influence because doing so would undermine their pretense of a blank-slate approach to the Bible. PMD "scholars" base their claims of authority on this pretense — on the claim that they're simply reading the Bible without any presuppositions and finding in its pages the clear outline of their End Times check lists. They can't admit to the shaping influence of Lindsey or Scofield or Darby because to do so would be to raise the suspicion that they carried that influence with them in their approach to the Bible, finding there only a reflection of what they had been seeking.

The late great planet earth (book) In Tim LaHaye's case, I think, it's legitimate for him to claim that his prophecy framework was not shaped mainly by the template provided by Hal Lindsey. LaHaye cannot be accused of turning to Revelation and twisting what he found there to fit the pre-existing mythology provided by Lindsey. What Tim LaHaye has done, instead, is turn to Revelation to twist what he found there to fit the pre-existing mythology provided by the John Birch Society. LaHaye's eisegesis was not shaped by the popular speculation of some tugboat captain or some Seventh Day Adventists from the 1800s. His eisegesis was instead shaped by the fantasies of right-wing, segregationist, anti-communist whackjobs from the 1950s.

The fear-driven conspiracy theories of the John Birch Society are central to Tim LaHaye's ideology. He is, he says proudly, a student of the Illuminati. His word. Michael Standaert explores LaHaye's Bircher roots in detail in Skipping Towards Armageddon: The Politics and Propaganda of Left Behind. Standaert highlights this quote from LaHaye's 1992 book, No Fear of the Storm, republished and repackaged post-Left Behind as Rapture Under Attack in 1998:

I myself have been a 45-year student of the satanically inspired, centuries-old conspiracy to use government, education and media to destroy every vestige of Christianity within our society and establish a new world order. Having read at least 50 books on the Illuminati, I am convinced that it exists.

As we discussed recently, those books on the Illuminati included the works of William Guy Carr, whom LaHaye seems to regard as an authority and not as a paranoid anti-Semitic nutjob (he was, in fact, very much the latter).

Tim LaHaye has got to be enjoying the resurgence in popularity and influence of his John Birch ideology, now marketing itself as the "tea party movement." The influence of this rebranded Bircherism can be seen, for example, in the newly adopted platform of the Republican Party of Maine — a relentlessly goofy document that includes, among its many strange and delirious provisions, a call to "Repeal and prohibit any participation in efforts to create a one world government."

That platform shows not just the unlikely vitality of Bircher conspiracy delusions, but also Tim LaHaye's particular influence in shaping and promoting this ideology. Reality provides no basis and no motivation for the Maine GOP's platform, but it was not drafted and ratified because of reality. It was drafted and ratified in opposition to the policies of Nicolae Carpathia.

The World's Worst Books outline this political agenda, but even more than that they supply and nurture the mentality that makes this agenda attractive. The tea partiers imagine themselves to be the Tribulation Force. It's members are engaged in an elaborate Live Action Role Playing fantasy in which they have cast themselves as the righteous remnant battling against the satanic forces bent on one-world government, one-world religion, one-world currency and the Mark of the Beast.

While LaHaye's popularity and influence have grown enormously over the past 40 years, Hal Lindsey's fame and influence seems to have shrunk. He has become something of a fringe figure even in the PMD prophecy world. His own "prophecy scholarship" has led him to more of a pre-occupation with Israel and an ever-adapting string of theories about its role in the prophetic schemes he imagines.

LaHaye, by contrast, has never been particularly pre-occupied with Israel. Of all the pop-prophets of PMD, he seems the least interested in the day-to-day drama of the Middle East. Compare his attention to Israel with the much more intense focus of, for example, John Hagee or Jack Van Impe. If you want to keep track of the search for a pure red heifer or of the latest cock-eyed plans for rebuilding the Temple, then you can turn to Hagee or Van Impe or Lindsey or any of the many other prophecy experts tracking that sort of thing. But if you want to know instead how health care reform or cap and trade is related to the new world order of the coming Antichrist, then you turn to Tim LaHaye.

For LaHaye, the obsessive tracking of the Antichrist's OWG has always served as a proxy for the OWG of the socialist menace warned of by the John Birch Society. Same sermon, slightly different text. The Darbyite mythology was mainly just a convenient vehicle for promoting the Bircherite mythology. And a very successful one, as evidenced by both the Maine Republican Party platform and those new orange-and-black-cover editions of Hal Lindsey's books.

Yet Lindsey's influence on that Darbyite template can still be seen in the pages of the Left Behind series. Nicolae Carpathia's evil agenda is primarily the nightmare scenario of the Birchers, but parts of it still come from Darby as filtered through Scofield as filtered again through Hal Lindsey.

Thus we come to Nicolae's plan for a single global currency. This is a bit of an afterthought in the Left Behind series, perhaps because it makes little sense. The less attention paid to this aspect of Nicolae's agenda the less pressure there is for LaHaye & Jenkins to concoct an explanation for why Nicolae would want such a thing.

Everybody knows, of course, that this has to happen because everybody knows that Revelation teaches that the Antichrist will control global commerce through a single currency and the Mark of the Beast. And by "everybody knows," I mean that Hal Lindsey said so. This was a big theme in The Late Great Planet Earth. It's thanks to Lindsey's book that many Americans have an enduring fear of UPC labels and PayPal accounts. The Georgia legislature's recent consideration of a bill to "prohibit requiring a person to be implanted with a microchip" can be traced directly to the influence of Hal Lindsey's warnings about the Mark of the Beast.

(The link there goes to reporter Jim Galloway's description of the painful spectacle of a hearing on Georgia's bill which, as he says, "becomes much less funny when a truly tortured soul bears her torment." Read Galloway's entire post, then re-read that Republican Party platform from Maine. Both, in precisely the same way, would be very funny if they were fictional. But because both are actual true stories they are instead, in precisely the same way, heartbreaking and tragic.)

Thus we come to today's passage in which Buck — still on the phone with Steve Plank — learns that the Lindsey agenda is still on track. We first get another two pages in which Buck repeatedly insists — contrary to his behavior thus far in these books — that he is a principled journalist who cannot be swayed by perks, prestige or personal favors to cover or not cover a particular story. Steve, who was involved in the negotiations of at least two such quid-pro-quo arrangements by Buck so far, isn't buying it, but he eve
ntually tires of the argument (long after I did reading it) and
triumphs over his friend by playing the "I know something you don't know" card:

Remember your big-shot predictions about a new one-world currency? That it would never happen? Watch the news tomorrow, pal. And remember that it was all Nicolae Carpathia's doing, diplomacy behind the scenes.

I'm not really sure how this particular prediction of Lindsey's is supposed to fit in with the competing scheme offered by LaHaye and the Maine Republicans. Their desire for a global return to a single gold standard seems more like what Lindsey described than anything sought by the global commie-hippie-greenie conspiracy they oppose. I suppose it has something to do with the nefarious machinations of international Jewish financiers, but unlike LaHaye I don't have the stomach to plow through all of William Guy Carr's and Ron Paul's writings to try to make sense of that aspect of their conspiracy theory.

But this business about "a new one-world currency" also seems a bit shakier when considering the recent news from Greece. That country's debt crisis seems to have called into question the very future of the euro and the limited attempt at an international currency that it represents. At this point in history it can't be easy to remain terrified of an impending "one-world currency."

This isn't the first time that the European Union has caused problems for LaHaye and the rest of post-Lindsey Bible prophecy fandom. They all followed Lindsey in believing that the 10 nations of the European Common Market were the 10-horned beast of the book of Revelation. When the common market grew to include more than 10 nations, they simply adjusted to the claim that it was both the 10-horned and the 7-horned beasts from John's Apocalypse. Then they sat back to wait for the European Common Market to reach 17 members, at which point they expected Jesus to rapture them to heaven and start torturing the unbelievers left behind.

The European Union now has 27 members — a number difficult to reconcile with any permutation of horns, heads or wings from any given set of beasts in Revelation. The expansion of the European Union coincided with the end of the Cold War — a time that also brought on an even more troubling development for the post-Lindsey PMD prognosticators: the violent reassertion of separatist nationalism. It must have been hard to keep oneself fearfully confident of an impending one-world government while watching the Balkanization of the Balkans unfold. How do you manage to stay frightened of the coming OWG when even a unified Yugoslavia proves impossible to sustain?

Thus was the context for both the Birchers and the Lindseyites by the mid-1990s when the first of the Left Behind books were published. History and reality and the world itself were not cooperating with the nightmare conspiracies on which they had staked their ideologies and their entire sense of meaning. A one-world government is coming, both groups warned, even though no one seemed to want one and history seemed headed in the opposite direction. A one-world currency is coming, both groups warned, even though no one could figure out why anyone would want such a thing.

And this is where Tim LaHaye rode to the rescue with the World's Worst Books. As history and reality and the world itself appeared increasingly hostile to the very identity of the Birchers and the Lindseyites, LaHaye provided them a refuge in fiction.

It's pretty awful fiction, of course, but that doesn't matter. It doesn't have to be compelling or interesting or any good at all in any conventional sense. All it needs to do is whisper to them that they are right while reality is shouting that they are wrong. If you're listening to reality, that Maine Republican platform seems ridiculous. But if you're ignoring reality and instead listening to the fiction of Tim LaHaye, then it makes perfect sense.

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  • Pius Thicknesse

    No, Pius I am not trying to derail the conversation but merely pointing out where the origins of the distinction between the paper economy and real economy or Wall Street vs. Main Street come from. It really should be fairly obvious for anybody with a slight knowledge of history.

    And now you’re patronizing me on top of that.
    Hands up all of you out there who even knew that in the 19th century, anti-Semites used to shovel out all their crap and calling it “ZOMG PAPER ECONOMY”?
    News flash. I didn’t know and I still don’t care because whatever crap they shovelled out isn’t relevant to the point of my discussion.
    You are seeing parallels that aren’t there, and in the process had a nice lovely derail making it all about you and your dark hints about Unfortunate Associations.
    My comments on the parasitization of speculative markets with little connection to anything in the real world could have been handily addressed without you trying to bring in all that bafflegab about vague historical Unforunate Parallels.
    Hello? If you’d even read the book I mentioned instead of having a good blast at me for ZOMG PARALLELS, you’d have realized that the guy is an actual economist with a Ph. D in the subject and has outlined how the banking system functions just fine as a legitimate mechanism of matching savers to investors.
    One datum:
    The growth of the stock market should reflect the growth in the underlying productive capacity of the country in which that market is based. To this end, lax financial controls and repeated speculative booms undermine this link between what new share issues do come out and economic growth (actually, this isn’t even always true; Stanford noted that in a few years in the 1990s share buybacks exceeded new share issues meaning there was a net destruction of fixed capital investment, to the extent that it affects the round-off error of that part of GDP.)
    The growth rate of the stock market, to the extent that it exceeds GDP growth, means that there is funnelling of money that should be going into fixed capital investment in the real, physical economy, into the speculative never-neverland of stcok market traders.

  • Pius Thicknesse

    Not so much as he’s saying people who criticise the stock market are ignorantly parroting the irrational propaganda of blatant anti-Semites.

    I resent being called ignorant and I particularly resent that a reasoned book that has informed me on the subject is being classified in the same vein as “irrational propaganda”.

  • Will Wildman

    there is a distinction between financial capitalism and slavery in that financial capitalism properly is a boon while slavery is always a negative. I am not defending unmitigated financial capitalism but simply pointing out that it is actually helpful in a well-designed system and it is not parasitic

    In theory, a well-designed system of communism is also excellent, but we haven’t yet found a practical way to implement it. I’m skeptical of the notion that we’ve found a practical way to implement a truly beneficial stock market, too.

  • Will Wildman

    I resent being called ignorant and I particularly resent that a reasoned book that has informed me on the subject is being classified in the same vein as “irrational propaganda”.

    I should have phrased that to more clearly that I disagree with the assessment I described, and feel it’s directed at me as well as you (and indeed anyone opposing any financial institutions). Being a heterodox economist, I have some background on the matter and I agree with you.

  • Tonio

    whom they saw as engaged in parasitic, financial capitalism ranging from things like international banks to pawnshops

    That seems unrelated to Pius’s points about the stock market, since those old myths focused on lending. (There’s even a reference in one of the Sherlock Holmes stories.)

  • Lonespark

    Which one, Tonio? I just checked out The Complete Sherlock Holmes. ZOMG racism and sexism, but I haven’t run across any anti-Semitism yet. (only read one of the novels, so far. It’s a big book!)

  • Tonio

    Lonespark,
    The specific story is “The Adventure of Shoscombe Old Place.” About the racism, “The Adventure of the Three Gables” is one example, but then “The Yellow Face” has a very anti-racist message.

  • Lee Ratner

    Will: What I am saying is that many of the critics of the entire modern finance system from stock markets to banks to loans of various sorts, the entire Wall Street vs. Main Street idea, seem to be unaware of where these criticisms originate and that is in 19th century anti-Semitic agitation, which comes from earlier prejudice against the Jews as money lenders even though money lending was understood to be absolutely necessary for prosperity by the Bishops and Princes of Europe during the time Jews had something of a monopoly on financial activity. I do not think that Pius is a closet anti-Semite nor am I trying to patronize him but the paper economy vs. real economy line of thought as led to some very real ethnic bloodshed.

  • hapax

    Lee, you’re missing the point. Sure, bigotry and prejudice get mixed up in lots of things. But that is irrelevant to the argument that the distinction between “paper economy” and “physical economy” is describing a very real phenomenon, one that has caused (and, more to the point is still causing) very real economic suffering and even bloodshed.
    Your line of argument, whether you mean it or not, is sounding a great deal like the folks who say we cannot do epidemiological studies of disease, because ZOMG RACISM!

  • Pius Thicknesse

    Ok? It’s like this. Whatever those old-ass 19th-Century idiots said or did, the meanings they ascribed to their words are no longer useful or desirable because their basic ideology has been discredited so thoroughly they’ve been consigned to the ashbin of history, as such morons and idiots inevitably are.
    The new usage of “paper economy”/”real economy” are akin to the evolution of the word “gay”. No matter how much you insist the old meaning has relevance, it’s not that way anymore for 99% of the world’s population and trying to raise a racket over something that’s fundamentally a false alarm leads to things like seriously questioning the very relevance of whatever you’re bringing up.
    Go read the stupid book already so you can convince yourself that nooooooooooooowheeeeeeeeeeeeeeere did Jim Stanford even ONCE EVER make a link to all that old anti-Semitic crap.

  • Will Wildman

    I do not think that Pius is a closet anti-Semite nor am I trying to patronize him but the paper economy vs. real economy line of thought as led to some very real ethnic bloodshed.

    Many things have led to prejudice, oppression, and bloodshed. Many ideas have been introduced to the world by bigots. You seem to be stuck on the idea that a concept is automatically and forever linked to its origin, as opposed to having any kind of evolution. You’re not allowing for the idea of criticisms of financial institutions that are entirely independent of historical anti-Semitism.
    Furthermore, you’ll note that Pius specifically referenced banks as an effective investment-directing institution, while still being opposed to the whims of the stock market. He’s not arguing against money-lending.
    You need to engage debate (if that’s your intent) on the basis of things that are currently going on, not based on the bigotry of the past. It might help if you clarified your position, which currently appears to be ‘If you criticise the stock market, you are indirectly promoting anti-Semitism’. And if that is the argument you want to make, you’re going to need to back it up with more than ‘Anti-Semites used the stock market as a cover for attacking Jews’.

  • Spearmint

    What Will said.

  • Jeff

    [[I think this one in particular would be an uncomfortable euphemism]]
    Yeeeouch!!!
    ======================
    [[I distrust government getting power more than I do big coporation because, unlike liberals, I think government is a lot harder to reform]]
    We had a major shift in government over the past 6 years or so. Wal-Mart is still evil. So, your thought is wrong.
    ======================
    [[Cuz you shouldn’t be doing your own payroll and your own taxes and your own environmental consulting]]
    One thing I don’t like about some of the Sim games is that they assume that one person WOULD be doing all that. Um, no.

  • http://www.nightkitchenseattle.com MadGastronomer, who is really just very tired

    Does anyone know just what sort of numbers we’re dealing with when talking about jobs with corporations (where income is not able to be turned back into the company. At least not easily.) vs. single owner/partnership/whatever-non-corporate-structure-we-can-think-of where the income can be folded back in? I’m guessing jobs with an incorporated entity are more common than not (especially if we don’t count government jobs). Which just goes back to my contention that CEOs aren’t putting money into any significant job-creating efforts.
    OK, as a small business owner, there’s a point of semantics I feel needs to be cleared up. “Corporation” does not mean what you think it does.
    I own my business. (Well, my dad owns ten per cent, mostly because he gave me some money and so I can use him for a credit reference.) But my business is still a corporation — an S-Corp under federal law (S for Small). Corporate structure exists to protect my personal financial assets from being seized in the event that my business fails badly — so I don’t lose my house if I lose my restaurant. That’s what a corporation is. But I still own it, and make all the decisions, and keep sinking my personal money into it. I don’t take a salary yet, either.
    What you’re talking about is a publicly traded company, which is a corporation in which shares are sold to the public, which is not typically owned by an individual (although an individual can own a controlling interest of 51%, it doesn’t happen all that often).
    This may not sound like an important distinction, but it is.
    And, by the way, my father is the CEO of a publicly traded company (PetroAlgae, PALG), and he absolutely does sink his own money back into it, and takes huge pay cuts when there are financial problems before laying anyone off.
    You keep saying “corporation,” but what you seem to mean is “huge multinational publicly traded company.”
    I would be quite sure of being on firm ground in stating that no CEO would, unless the circumstances were far more dire than they are, even now, put his own money back into the company by foregoing not only his salary, but his perks and his stock options.
    Not no CEO, just not many, especially in the sorts of companies where they pay the truly outrageous salaries, which is not all of them.
    Most publicly traded companies have Chief Executive Officers. Most publicly traded companies are not as big as BP or Walmart or whatever, and so the officers do not have the kinds of salaries the really huge companies give, nor the kinds of perks, and the people who occupy positions in smaller companies do not necessarily act the same way as the people who hold them in larger companies.

  • Ysidro

    This is another reason why I don’t post (ok, until now). I mean, you people can’t even keep to your own schedules! It’s not Thursday, people! :)

  • http://www.nightkitchenseattle.com MadGastronomer, who is really just very tired

    Flame Wars had to be moved when LB stopped happening on Fridays. They haven’t settled into a new schedule yet, but seem to mostly happen on weekends.

  • Sgt. Pepper’s Bleeding Hearts Club Band

    OK, I started skimming the posts that used too many economic terms that make me go cross-eyed, so if there was a conclusion to that flame skirmish I missed it. Can someone tell me if I can still think it’s a bit dodgy that people get insane wealth from, essentially, gambling, rather than actually helping anyone, or will that put me in legion with the Jew-haters? Thanks.

  • http://liberalhyperbole.blogspot.com/ Randy Owens

    @Lee: Genetic fallacy, a variety of red herring.
    (And yes, I beware the fallacy fallacy.)

  • Headless Unicorn Guy

    It’s hard to believe anyone got past the second book in this series. There are fanfic writers who deserve book contracts more than these EllenJay. — CubicleMouse
    But they’re Nobodies and EllenJay are *CELEBRITIES*…

  • Headless Unicorn Guy

    “Remember, kiddies, Buck Jenkins IS the Author Self-Insert. (And bottom/sub to the other Author Self-Insert’s top/dom.)”
    That image left all flavors of horrible aftertaste in my brain. =( Not that I object to scenes like that, but I can’t think of a more boring, uninteresting, and gut-wrenchingly awkward slash pairing.
    — Mink
    Check back through these archives, Mink. Every time both Author Self-Inserts come onstage together, it’s a Canonical Unintentional Slashfic Setup. Even better than Ray Comfort, Kirk Cameron, and the banana in that Proof of Young Earth Creationism video. (I get a further kick out of the koinkydink of the names Ray Comfort and Kirk Cameron.)

  • Ash

    At this point in history it can’t be easy to remain terrified of an impending “one-world currency.”
    But it’s possible. My mother has a friend who is terrified of the coming OWC. In fact, the OWC has already been printed and ‘they’ have got it stored in warehouses — she knows someone who’s seen it! Why ‘they’ would print it and then just shove it all in an unsecured warehouse for any fool to see is something that does not concern her.
    I sincerely doubt any financial meltdown in Greece, or the fact that no one has yet even postulated that a OWC would be a good thing, will sway her in her determination to be terrified.