I’ll get back to my Transitional Mormonism and Tradition, but I was really excited about this development.
I’ve seen several
bad uses flagrant abuses of original languages recently by people who don’t actually know the languages. They’re typically relying on Strong’s Concordance, which can be used legitimately (see my article here, the section called “original language resources”) but 99% of the time, Strong’s is abused by people who just don’t know better. They use it as a lexicon, as a guide to meaning, but this is highly problematic. If you read something citing Strong’s to establish what a word means, you can be fairly certain the authors have not actually studied Greek or Hebrew, and I strongly recommend not giving that source any scholarly weight or authority in Gospel Doctrine or Seminary.
I am terribly pleased to inform you that there is a new technology-assisted way to move directly from the KJV to legitimate scholarly Greek and Hebrew tools. And it’s free! I’ll provide a description, then walk through the steps to get it, demo some things on video, and then make some suggestions.
Logos just released the free version of its new engine, Logos 7 for Mac, PC, iOs, and Android. Logos is like a supercharged Kindle on steroids, which I use as my research library. I buy all my academic and popular books in it when possible. Back in 2000, I started using it because there was a screaming deal on the Anchor Bible Dictionary (which has been cited in General Conference!) With the upgrades and free resources now provided in version 7, the Basic engine will let you jump directly from the KJV to a decent basic Hebrew/Greek lexicon, included. Moreover, it comes with both a decent Bible Dictionary and Study Bible, free (both produced by Logos.)
You will need to create an account, but the basic engine is indeed free. You will probably get marketing emails trying to get you to buy a package of books and higher-level functionality. You don’t need to do this, but if you’ve got the cash, go for it. BTW, once you create an account AND fill out a marketing thing, Logos gives you $20 credit every year on your birthday.
How to Get the Free Stuff
- Go here to get the free engine. It should ask you to create an account.
- It will download an installer file, which will then download the rest of the program and (I believe) the free resources. After downloading and installing, it will draw some processing power to index the new books.
- If you don’t see them in your library after everything downloads and indexes, here are the links to some free stuff you should have.
- Lexham Bible Dictionary
- Lexham is one publishing name Logos uses (Faithlife being another.)
- Abridged BDB
- This is the Hebrew lexicon, a simplified version of the $20 100-yr old lexicon most first-year Hebrew students buy, named after its authors
- Faithlife Study Bible
- Essays, introductions, visuals, diagrams, and verse-by-verse notes.
- Lexham Bible Dictionary
- Logos also does a free-book-of-the-month, with one free and one related for $1.99. This month, two books by N.T. Wright.
- Other free books are here. Pick up the Greek New Testament, SBL edition, Lexham English Bible, Abridged Brown-Driver-Briggs, and perhaps the Classics, Arabic, or Civil War And 19th Century America collections.
- Other books and series go on sale regularly, with both monthly sales and specials, and you can get steep discounts on Pre-publication or Community Pricing.
Supercharge your Old Testament study for $70
- Concise HALOT or CHALOT, 31.99
- This is an abbreviated layman’s version of the current scholarly standard, the Hebrew and Aramaic Lexicon of the Old Testament or HALOT. This will be an improvement over the abridged BDB. If you want to spend more money, some other lexicons provide essays on each word, the Theological Wordbook of the Old Testament (TWOT), Theological Lexicon of the Old Testament (TLOT, translated from German), and the New International Dictionary of Old Testament Theology and Exegesis (NIDOTTE), Evangelical like TWOT, but more scholarly and significantly more comprehensive. This is probably the most useful but also most expensive of these options. Or, there’s the full-on, 15-volume Theological Dictionary of the Old Testament for only $700.
- Jewish Study Bible, 24.99 (but the JPS translation is not included.) You’re getting the essays, notes, diagrams, maps, etc. You also have access to other Study Bibles, and Commentaries, from one-volume commentaries all the way up to the multi-volume Anchor Bible Commentaries, JPS Torah Commentaries, NIV Application Commentaries, etc. Buy individual volumes or all at once. Or, more realistically, watch for sales.
- The Jewish translation is sold separately for $10. Many other useful translations like the NRSV are also $10. Note that this version of the NRSV will not do what your free KJV does. That’s because the KJV is a reverse interlinear, tagged with the appropriate Greek and Hebrew. If you want that capability in the NRSV or ESV or some other translation, you have to acquire the reverse interlinear version (see my demo for explanation) which cost more individually or are sold as part of most packages.
- D.A. Carson, Exegetical Fallacies, $16.99. This is an introductory guide to common pitfalls people make when they start digging in to original languages and words.
- I can make further suggestions, if interested.
- Learn the Hebrew alphabet and vowels here. Hebrew alphabet intimidates more than it is actually difficult. Practice the consonants with Psalm 119 in our KJV. It’s a Hebrew alphabet acrostic, so the letters are printed there.
- Both BDB and CHALOT will use some unfamiliar but important terminology for verbs. You should learn what qal, niph., hiph, etc. mean or you won’t understand the range of meanings in the definitions for verbs. This is a decent introduction to this vocabulary.
Things I’ll point out in the screencast demo
- Note the scripture pop-ups.
- Lock panes to scroll together.
- Corresponding Words visual filter. (Only in the KJV or other purchased interlinears. I don’t do much with this in the demo, so click the link and watch their video.)
- Link Bible to a lexicon! This and the KJV interlinear are the key to cutting out Strong’s.
(I recommend watching 1080p so you can read the text.)
So, go forth and download, but remember to keep some intellectual humility! You still don’t know the languages, you’re just using much better tools.
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