Art of the Deal in Syria

Art of the Deal in Syria October 18, 2019

 

President Trump, with the diplomatic efforts of Vice President Pence and Secretary of State Pompeo, has brokered a ceasefire between Syria and the Kurds that promises to end the conflict.

The agreement pledges an immediate pause in the fighting.  The Kurds, who have agreed to the deal, will withdraw 20 miles from the border with Turkey.  Once they do that, according to the agreement, Turkey will suspend its operation.  I

In the words of commenter MarkB,  “It looks like President Trump got what everyone has wanted before. To have the Kurds protected. Also to keep Turkey from invading Syria. And keeping the Syrian Kurds from linking up with Turkish Kurds to do terrorism in Turkey. And we are going to get our troops out of Syria. What more could anyone ask for?”

There is still some fighting despite the ceasefire, so we’ll see if it holds, and controversies continue.  But President Trump deserves credit for the Art of the Deal.

Here, posted at Fox News, is the actual text of the agreement:

1. The US and Turkey reaffirm their relationship as fellow members of NATO. The US understands Turkey’s legitimate security concerns on Turkey’s southern border.

2. Turkey and the US agree that the conditions on the ground, northeast Syria in particular, necessitate closer coordination on the basis of common interests.

3. Turkey and the US remain committed to protecting NATO territories and NATO populations against all threats with the solid understanding of “one for all and all for one”.

4. The two countries reiterate their pledge to uphold human life, human rights, and the protection of religious and ethnic communities.

5. Turkey and the US are committed to D-ISIS/DAESH activities in northeast Syria. This will include coordination on detention facilities and internally displaced persons from formerly ISIS/DAESH-controlled areas, as appropriate.

6. Turkey and the US agree that counter-terrorism operations must target only terrorists and their hideouts, shelters, emplacements, weapons, vehicles and equipment.

7. The Turkish side expressed its commitment to ensure safety and well-being of residents of all population centers in the safe zone controlled by the Turkish Forces (safe zone) and reiterated that maximum care will be exercised in order not to cause harm to civilians and civilian infrastructure.

8. Both countries reiterate their commitment to the political unity and territorial integrity of Syria and UN-led political process, which aims at ending the Syrian conflict in accordance with UNSCR 2254.

9. The two sides agreed on the continued importance and functionality of a safe zone in order to address the national security concerns of Turkey, to include the re-collection of YPG heavy weapons and the disablement of their fortifications and all other fighting positions.

10. The safe zone will be primarily enforced by the Turkish Armed Forces and the two sides will increase their cooperation in all dimensions of its implementation.

11. The Turkish side will pause Operation Peace Spring in order to allow the withdrawal of YPG from the safe zone within 120 hours. Operation Peace Spring will be halted upon completion of this withdrawal.

12. Once Operation Peace Spring is paused, the US agrees not to pursue further imposition of sanctions under the Executive Order of October 14, 2019, Blocking Property and Suspending Entry of Certain Persons Contributing to the Situation in Syria, and will work and consult with Congress, as appropriate, to underline the progress being undertaken to achieve peace and security in Syria, in accordance with UNSCR 2254. Once Operation Peace Spring is halted as per paragraph 11 the current sanctions under the aforementioned Executive Order shall be lifted.

13. Both parties are committed to work together to implement all the goals outlined in this Statement.

 

Photo:  Secretary of State Pompeo, President Donald Trump, and Vice President Pence from U.S. Department of State from United States [Public domain] via Wikimedia Commons


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